Unit 15- Ophthalmology, Endocrinology, and Medical Specialties Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 15- Ophthalmology, Endocrinology, and Medical Specialties > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 15- Ophthalmology, Endocrinology, and Medical Specialties Deck (177):
1

ophthalm/o

eye

2

ophthalmitis

inflammation of the eye

3

ophthalmic, ocular

pertaining to the eye

4

ophthalmalgia, ophthalmodynia

eye pain

5

ophthalmoptosis, ophthalmocele, exophthalmos

herniation of an eye

6

ophthalmometer

instrument for measuring eye

7

ophthalmopathy

any ocular disease

8

ophthalmoplasty

plastic surgery of eye

9

ophthalmoplegia

paralysis of eye muscles

10

ophthalmology

study of eye disease and surgery of eye
treated by ophthalmologist

11

ophthalmoscopy

examination of the interior of the eye
use ophthalmoscope

12

-opia

vision

13

opt/o

vision

14

optometrist

one who measures visual acuity

15

optometry

measurement of vision

16

certified opthalmic technician (COT)

Assists ophthalmologists with eye exams and helps fit corrective lenses

17

xanthopia

yellow vision

18

chloropia

green vision

19

erythropia

red vision

20

myopia

nearsightedness

21

hyperopia

farsightedness

22

presbyopia

loss of accomodation

23

diplopia

double vision

24

diplo-, dipl-

double

25

diplocardia

double heart

26

diplogenesis

production of double parts

27

ambi-

both or both sides

28

ambilateral

pertaining to both sides

29

ambidextrous

both hands

30

ambiopia

both eyes forming separate images

31

diplobacillus

bacillus that occurs in pairs

32

diplococcus

coccus that grows in pairs

33

-opter

visible

34

diopter

unit of measurement of refraction of the eye
(ex: +1 D)

35

diascope

instrument used for examining through
glass plate held against skin

36

dia-

through

37

-tropia

turning

38

exo-

outward

39

eso-

toward

40

hypo-

downward

41

hyper-

upward

42

exotropia

eyes pointing outward

43

esotropia

eyes pointing inward

44

hypertropia

eyes pointing upward

45

hypotropia

eyes pointing downward

46

strabismus

another term for hypo, hyper, exo, esotropia

47

phoria

to carry or bear

48

dysphoria

depression

49

euphoria

feeling of well being

50

phoropter

instrument used to determine the prescription strength needed for corrective lenses

51

blephar/o

eyelid

52

blepharoptosis

prolapse of an eyelid

53

blepharedema

swelling of the eyelid

54

edema

swollen

55

edematous

adjectival form of swollen

56

blepharitis

inflammation of an eyelid

57

blepharotomy

incision of an eyelid

58

blepharectomy

excision of lesions on eyelid

59

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of eyelid

60

blepharospasm

twitching of an eyelid

61

blepharorrhaphy

suture of the eyelid

62

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjuctiva

63

conjuctiva

membrane that lines eyelids

64

corne/o, kerat/o

cornea
kerat/o more common

65

ir/o, irid/o

iris

66

scler/o

sclera

67

phac/o

crystalline lens of eye

68

phacocele

protrusion of lens

69

cataracts

opacities that develop on lens

70

phacoemulsification

treatment for cataracts

71

sclerosis

condition of hardness

72

sclera

hard, white outer coat of eye

73

scleral

pertaining to the sclera

74

sclerectomy

excision of sclera or part of it

75

sclerostomy

formation of an opening into the sclera

76

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera

77

iritis

inflammation of iris

78

corneoiritis

inflammation of the cornea and iris

79

scleroiritis

inflammation of the sclera and iris

80

plural of iris

irides

81

iridocele

protrustion/dislocation of iris

82

iridalgia

pain in the iris

83

iridectomy

excision of part or all of iris

84

iridoptosis

prolapse of iris

85

iridomalacia

softening of iris

86

iridorrhexis

rupture of iris

87

iridoplegia, iridoparalysis

paralysis of iris

88

retin/o

retina

89

retinal

pertaining to the retina

90

retinitis

inflammation of the retina

91

retinopexy, retinoplasty

fixation of a detached retina

92

retinoscope

instrument used to examine retina

93

retinoscopy, skiascopy

process of using retinoscope

94

macular degeneration

common cause of blindness in elderly

95

macula lutea

area of retina near optic nerve with many blood vessels

96

glaucoma

disease of eye in which intraocular pressure is increased
3 basic types- open angle, angle closure, congenital

97

cor/e, core/o

pupil

98

corectopia

pupil out of place

99

corelysis

destruction of pupil

100

corectasia

dilatation of pupil

101

anisocoria

unequal pupil size

102

coreometer, pupillometer

instrument for measuring pupil

103

coreometry, pupillometry

measurement of the pupil

104

coreoplasty

plastic surgery of pupil

105

keratectasia

forward bulging of cornea

106

keratocele

herniation of cornea

107

keratoplasty

plastic operation of cornea (corneal transplant)

108

keratotomy

incision of the cornea

109

keratorrhexis

corneal rupture

110

keratoscleritis

inflammation of the cornea and sclera

111

cycl/o

ciliary body
encircles iris

112

cycloplegia

paralysis of ciliary body

113

cyclokeratitis

ciliary body and cornea inflammation

114

lacrimal

pertaining to tears

115

dacryorrhea

excessive lacrimation

116

dacry, lacr

tear

117

lacrimation, dacryorrhea

flow of tears

118

dacryocystitis

tear sac inflammation

119

dacryoadenalgia

pain in a tear gland

120

dacryoma

tumor of the tear duct or gland

121

dacryopyorrhea

discharge of pus from tear gland

122

dacryocystocele

hernia of the tear sac

123

dacryolith

stone in the tear sac

124

dacryocystoptosis

prolapse of the tear sac

125

dacryocystotome

instrument for cutting the tear sac

126

onych/o

nails

127

onychoid

resembling nail

128

onychoma

tumor of nail or nail bed

129

onychosis

nail condition

130

onychomalacia

softening of the nails

131

onychomycosis

fungus infection of nails

132

onychophagia

nail biting

133

onychocryptosis

hidden nail condition
ingrown nail

134

paronychia

condition of infection in tissues around the nail

135

trich/o

hair

136

trichogenous

substance that promotes growth of hair

137

trichiasis

formation of hair in wrong places

138

trichoglossia

hairy tongue

139

trichoid

resembling hair

140

trichophobia

abnormal fear of hair

141

trichopathy

any hair disease

142

alopecia

baldness

143

phag/o

eat or swallow

144

phagocyte

cell that ingests microorganisms

145

phagocytosis

process of cells eating microorganisms

146

cytophagy

ingestion of cells by phagocytes

147

cytometer

instrument used to count cells

148

cytostasis

stopping or controlling cells

149

cytoscopy

examination of cells

150

macrophage

large phagocyte

151

microphage

small phagocyte

152

trichophagy

hair swallowing

153

aerophagy

air swallowing

154

endocrine

to secrete inside

155

adren/o

adrenal gland

156

thyroid/o, thyr/o

thyroid

157

thym/o

thymus

158

pancreat/o

pancreas

159

oophor/o

ovary

160

testic/, orchid/o, orchi/o

testis

161

hyperthyroidism

overactive thyroid

162

hypothyroidism

underactive thyroid

163

adrenopathy

disease of adrenal glands

164

adrenomegaly

enlarged adrenal glands

165

adrenolysis

destruction of the adrenal tissue

166

suprarenal

above the kidneys

167

adrenergic

pertaining to adrenal work
bronchodilators are adrenergic

168

-emia, hemat/o

condition of the blood

169

ischemia

condition in which blood flow is interrupted

170

leukemia

blood cancer

171

anemia

reduction in RBCs

172

hyperemia

too much blood

173

uremia

urine constituents in the blood

174

hematouria

blood in the urine

175

traumat/o

trauma

176

traumatology

study of wound care

177

traumatic

pertaining to wounds or woundedness