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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (17):
0

Nomadic people who, after being united by Genghis khan, created the world's largest empire.

Mongols

1

A journey made for religious purposes. Can be used to describe religious visits or trips made by people of any religion.

Hundred Years' War

2

A plague that spread along the trade routes from Asia to Europe. Killed up to 1/3 of the human population in the known world of that time.

Black Death

3

Term used to describe much of Europe during the time period between the fall of Rome and the renaissance.

Middle Ages

4

A series of holy wars between Christians and Muslims over control of the holy land (Jerusalem )

Crusades

5

The original split in the Christian church in 1054. The Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe and the Eastern Orthodox Church in Eastern Europe emerged. Split was caused by the theological disputes.

The Great Schism

6

A group of citizens who have a say in the government.

Parliament

7

A legal document signed in 1215 by King John in England. Limited power of the king by creating a parliament.

Magna Carta

8

Professional members of Christian churches.

Clergy

9

The organizing principle of rural economy during feudalism. Characterized by small, self sufficient villages called manors.

Manorialism

10

Political system based on an exchange of land for loyalty

Feudalism

11

A monotheistic religion created by Muhammad during the 7th century AD. Characteristics: five pillars, sharia, Koran, and mosques.

Islam

12

Eastern part of the Roman Empire that survived he fall of Rome, with its capital of Constantinople.

Byzantine empire

13

Collection of Roman law created by emperor Justinian of the Byzantine empire.

Justinian's code

14

Islamic empire ruled by those who believed to be successor to the prophet Muhammad.

Caliphate

15

Branch of Christianity that developed in the eastern Roman Empire. Some characteristics include: priests can marry, have icons, and bishop is the head of the church.

Eastern Orthodox Church

16

Trade route that stretched from China to Mediterranean Sea that introduced Europeans to exotic goods and helped spread religion.

Silk Road