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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (50):
1

culminate

v. to reach the highest or a climactic or decisive point: climax 到达顶点/实现极致

2

oblique

adj. neither perpendicular nor parallel: inclined 倾斜的
adj. not straightforward: indirect 迂回的/不光明正大的

3

malady

n. a disease or disorder of the animal body 疾病/失调
n. an unwholesome or disordered condition 混乱/骚乱

4

succor

vt. to go to the aid of 救援/援助

5

deprecate

vt. to hold an unfavorable opinion of 不喜欢
vt. to express scornfully one's low opinion of 贬低/轻视
vt. play down, to make little of 降低。。的重要性

6

invidious

adj. tending to cause discontent, animosity, or envy 惹人反感的
adj. having or showing mean resentment of another's possessions or advantages 羡慕嫉妒恨的

7

abjure

v. a firm and final rejecting or abandoning often made under oath 发誓放弃
v. to resist the temptation of 抵制/避免

8

apropos

adj. being both relevant and opportune 相关的
prep. having to do with 关于/有关

9

falter

vi. to walk unsteadily 蹒跚
vi. to be unsteady in purpose or action, as from loss of courage or confidence 犹豫/踌蹰

10

propitiate

vt. to conciliate (an offended power): appease 抚慰/劝解

11

decrepit

adj. weakened, worn out, impaired, or broken down by old age, illness 虚弱的/衰老的/破旧的

12

elegy

n. a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation 哀歌(诗)/挽歌(诗)

13

foment

vt. to promote the growth or development of 助长/煽动

14

hauteur

n. haughtiness in bearing and attitude; arrogance 傲慢/自大

15

wanting

adj. not present or in evidence 未出现的/缺少的
adj. not being up to standards or expectations 未达到要求的

16

partisan

n. one who follows the opinions or teachings of another 跟随者,信徒
n. one who i intensely or excessively devoted to a cause (狂热坚定的)拥护者,支持者

17

mordant

adj. biting and caustic in thought, manner, or style 尖酸刻薄的

18

venal

adj. open to corrupt influence and especially bribery 贪污受贿的

19

portentous

adj. being or showing a sign of evil or calamity to come 预兆性的/凶兆的
adj. eliciting amazement or wonder 勾起兴趣的/令人遐想的

20

hale

adj. free from infirmity or illness; sound 强壮的/健壮的
vt. to cause to follow by applying steady force on 拖,拉

21

depose

vi. to testify to under oath or by affidavit 宣誓作证
vt. to remove from a throne or other high position 废黜/罢免
vt. to arrange something in a certain spot or position 摆放

22

replete

adj. having one's appetite completely satisfied 彻底吃饱了的
adj. possessing or covered with great numbers or amounts of something specified 充满。。的/富于。。的

23

nudge

vt. to seek the attention of by a push of the elbow 用肘推以引起注意
vt. to try to persuade (someone) through earnest appeals to follow a course of action 说服某人做某事

24

impecunious

adj. having very little or no money 贫穷的

25

welter

n. a state of wild disorder 混乱/动乱

26

attrition

n. the act of weakening or exhausting by abuse or attack 削弱/消耗
n. the act of rubbing together: friction 摩擦/磨损

27

hegemony

n. preponderant influence or authority over others: domination 霸权/主导权

28

elusive

adj. hard to comprehend or define: vague 模糊的/难以确定的
adj. tending to evade grasp or pursuit 难懂的

29

irk

v. to make weary, irritated, or bored 激怒/使之厌倦/使烦恼

30

reverent

adj. expressing or characterized by respect and honor: worshipful 虔诚的/恭敬的

31

vapid

adj. lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force: flat, dull 无聊的/死气沉沉的

32

recrimination

n. a retaliatory accusation (报复性的)指控/反责

33

indigent

adj. suffering from poverty: impoverished 贫穷的

34

imperturbable

adj. marked by extreme calm, impassivity, and steadiness:serene 冷静的/平和的

35

frowsy

adj. having a slovenly or uncared-for appearance 邋遢的
adj. having an unpleasant smell 味道难闻的

36

derelict

adj. lacking a sense of duty; marked by a carelessly easy manner 玩忽职守的/不认真的
n. a destitute homeless social misfit 被社会遗弃的人

37

manumit

vt. to release from slavery or bondage 解放(奴隶)

38

scrutable

adj. capable of being understood through study and observation: comprehensible 可以理解的

39

nascent

adj. coming or having recently come into existence 新生的

40

temerity

n. foolhardy disregard of danger; recklessness 鲁莽/冒失

41

skirmish

n. a minor or preliminary conflict or dispute 小冲突/争论

42

dart

vi. to move suddenly and rapidly 突然移动/猛冲/狂奔
n. an act or expression showing scorn and usually intended to hurt another's feelings 公开侮辱

43

vicissitude

n. natural change or mutation visible in nature or in human affairs 自然变化/变迁兴衰

44

denigrate

vt. to express scornfully one's low opinion of 诋毁/污蔑

45

mettle

n. vigor and strength of spirit or temperament 勇气
n. staying quality: stamina 毅力/耐力

46

temporal

adj. of or relating to earthly life 世俗的/尘世的

47

primp

v. to dress, adorn, or arrange in a careful or finicky manner 精心打扮

48

strut

vi. to walk with a pompous and affected air 趾高气扬地走
n. a structural element used to brace or strengthen a framework by resisting logitudinal compression 支柱/压杆

49

slew

n. a large amount or number 大量/许多

50

peck

n. a considerable amount 大量
v. to eat reluctantly and in small bites (不情愿地)咬