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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (46):
1

What physiological benefits do pet therapy have?

decrease in blood pressure, heart rates, stress level, pain and Increase in energy level

2

What psychological benefits do pet therapy have?

Increase in social interaction, emotional well-being, Improvement in tension/anxiety, anger/hostility, fatigue, depression

3

What are the three substances with large relapse rates?

alcohol, nicotine, heroin

4

Short term motivational therapy involves what characteristics?

Readiness to change, nonconfrontational, increases awareness and recognition of problem

5

Motivational interviewing involves the following steps

1. empathy 2. develop discrepancy 3. avoid argument 4. roll with resistance 5. develop self-efficacy

6

What is motivational interviewing?

discovering own interests in changing, change talk, examine ambivalence, plan for change, enhance confidence in taking action and notice small accomplishments.

7

Benefits of drinking alcohol

1. lower risk of cardiovascular disease 2. improve men's libido 3. decrease risk of gallstones 4. decrease diabetes II 5. increase life span 6. decrease chances of developing dementia.

8

Which drug has been increased in young teens?

Marijuana

9

Binge drinking characteristics for men and women

Men: 5 drinks in 2 hours
Women: 4 drinks in 2 hours.

10

Consequences of binge drinking

"holiday heart" syndrome, activation of liver enzymes, pancreatitis, cancer, hypoactivation of hippocampus

11

How does alcohol work in body?

binds to receptors for acetylcholine ,serotonin, GABA and NMDA.
For GABA: ion channel stays open longer increasing -Cl ions and decreasing activity of neuron firing (slows it down).
For NMDA: decreases glutamate's excitatory effect.

increases dopamine

12

What is the neurological consequences of drinking?

Slows neural processing, reduced memory formation, impaired self-control, weakens immune system ,damages DNA and decreases endocrine functions.

13

Abbey, Zawacki and McAuslan (2000)

Found that drinkers exaggerated sexual interest cues and ignored ambiguous cues.

14

Nicotine consequences

reduces circulation to extremities, increases heart rate and blood pressure, suppresses appetite, relaxes and reduces stress

15

What is BPDE

chemical in cigarattes that damages cancer suppressor gene.

16

Incentive-Sensitization Theory

a 2 stage theory 1. good feelings from drug prevail. 2. drug becomes automated behavior.
brain becomes conditioned to the stimuli and start craving it.

17

Types of exercise include

1. cardiovascular 2. muscle strength 3 flexibility 4 muscle endurance 5. body composition

18

Health benefits of exercise include

1. improves blood flow 2. lowers blood pressure 3. lowers weight 4. increases HDL 5. lowers blood sugar 6. improves immune function 7. strengthens heart

19

Why do people not exercise?

1. no time 2. too tired 3. too lazy 4. don't like it 5. tried and failed 6. not good at it 7. exercise hurts.

20

How can exercise be increased?

1. financial incentives 2. social support 3. self-efficacy 4. starting slowly 5. access to safe places 6. making exercise fun 7. using tech 8.employer support

21

Who sticks with exercise?

1. Those who enjoy it. 2. have previous formed habit of exercising. 3. having social support 4. having strong self efficacy

22

Reynolds et al

Did a pedometer research with Us kids and Kenyan kids and 6,9 and 12 years of age.
Results: Kenyan kids walked more during these ages but US kids walked less as they grew older.

23

Ghrelin vs leptin

Ghrelin:signals hunger
Leptin:suppresses appetite.

24

PYY

appetite suppressant

25

Insulin

appeptite suppressant

26

Mind Over Milkshake

Found that those who drank the more indulgent milkshakes were less hungry later on (produced less ghrelin).

27

Nonbiological factors that affect weight

minority status, lower SES (increases)
college education (decreases)

28

Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act

authorizes funding for child nutrition
programs.

29

Which waves for active

beta (tiny)

30

which waves for relaxation

alpha (long)

31

Name sleep cycle

NREM1: irregular NREM2: sleep spindles and complex Kwaves NREM3: slow delta waves. Deep sleep. Where growth hormones increase. appear in early sleep

32

Repair and Restoration Theory

We sleep to repair itself after working all day

33

Purpose of sleep"

reorganizes memory, rehearses new learning behaviors, prevent wasteful energy expenditure from movement

34

NREM's purpose

cools down body, restores CNS, promotes immune function

35

REM

psychological adaptation thorugh dreams, CNS development, reverses body cooling, allows periodic wakenings to survey environment

36

Chronic Sleep loss can cause

obesity, increased ghrelin and cortisol, suppression of immune system, impaired memory

37

Used to describe people with both genitalia

intersex

38

The ability of hte heart, blood vessels, and lungs to supply oxygen to working muscles during physical activity for prolonged periods of time

cardiorespiratory endurance

39

individual's own perception of his or her overall sexual self

sexual identity

40

behavioral, cultural or psychological traits that a society associates with males and female sex

gender

41

people whose gender identity is at odds with the gender they were assigned at birth according to their sex and physiological characteristics of their bodies

transgender

42

Act that allows LGBT people to get legally married

Defense of Marriage Act

43

The idea that stress due to status decreases mental health

Minority Stress Model

44

Health Equity Promotion Model

Social positions, individual and structural and environmental context intersect helath-promoting and adverse pathways that effect health.

45

Each of us has body weight that continously ajusts our metabolism and eating to maintain our weight w/in genetically predetermined rangw

set-point hypothesis

46

lateral hypothalamus and ventromedial hypothalamus

LH= hunger
VMH= satiety