Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (46):
What physiological benefits do pet therapy have?
decrease in blood pressure, heart rates, stress level, pain and Increase in energy level
What psychological benefits do pet therapy have?
Increase in social interaction, emotional well-being, Improvement in tension/anxiety, anger/hostility, fatigue, depression
What are the three substances with large relapse rates?
alcohol, nicotine, heroin
Short term motivational therapy involves what characteristics?
Readiness to change, nonconfrontational, increases awareness and recognition of problem
Motivational interviewing involves the following steps
1. empathy 2. develop discrepancy 3. avoid argument 4. roll with resistance 5. develop self-efficacy
What is motivational interviewing?
discovering own interests in changing, change talk, examine ambivalence, plan for change, enhance confidence in taking action and notice small accomplishments.
Benefits of drinking alcohol
1. lower risk of cardiovascular disease 2. improve men's libido 3. decrease risk of gallstones 4. decrease diabetes II 5. increase life span 6. decrease chances of developing dementia.
Which drug has been increased in young teens?
Binge drinking characteristics for men and women
Men: 5 drinks in 2 hours
Women: 4 drinks in 2 hours.
Consequences of binge drinking
"holiday heart" syndrome, activation of liver enzymes, pancreatitis, cancer, hypoactivation of hippocampus
How does alcohol work in body?
binds to receptors for acetylcholine ,serotonin, GABA and NMDA.
For GABA: ion channel stays open longer increasing -Cl ions and decreasing activity of neuron firing (slows it down).
For NMDA: decreases glutamate's excitatory effect.
What is the neurological consequences of drinking?
Slows neural processing, reduced memory formation, impaired self-control, weakens immune system ,damages DNA and decreases endocrine functions.
Abbey, Zawacki and McAuslan (2000)
Found that drinkers exaggerated sexual interest cues and ignored ambiguous cues.
reduces circulation to extremities, increases heart rate and blood pressure, suppresses appetite, relaxes and reduces stress
What is BPDE
chemical in cigarattes that damages cancer suppressor gene.
a 2 stage theory 1. good feelings from drug prevail. 2. drug becomes automated behavior.
brain becomes conditioned to the stimuli and start craving it.
Types of exercise include
1. cardiovascular 2. muscle strength 3 flexibility 4 muscle endurance 5. body composition
Health benefits of exercise include
1. improves blood flow 2. lowers blood pressure 3. lowers weight 4. increases HDL 5. lowers blood sugar 6. improves immune function 7. strengthens heart
Why do people not exercise?
1. no time 2. too tired 3. too lazy 4. don't like it 5. tried and failed 6. not good at it 7. exercise hurts.
How can exercise be increased?
1. financial incentives 2. social support 3. self-efficacy 4. starting slowly 5. access to safe places 6. making exercise fun 7. using tech 8.employer support
Who sticks with exercise?
1. Those who enjoy it. 2. have previous formed habit of exercising. 3. having social support 4. having strong self efficacy
Reynolds et al
Did a pedometer research with Us kids and Kenyan kids and 6,9 and 12 years of age.
Results: Kenyan kids walked more during these ages but US kids walked less as they grew older.
Ghrelin vs leptin
Mind Over Milkshake
Found that those who drank the more indulgent milkshakes were less hungry later on (produced less ghrelin).
Nonbiological factors that affect weight
minority status, lower SES (increases)
college education (decreases)
Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act
authorizes funding for child nutrition
Which waves for active
which waves for relaxation
Name sleep cycle
NREM1: irregular NREM2: sleep spindles and complex Kwaves NREM3: slow delta waves. Deep sleep. Where growth hormones increase. appear in early sleep
Repair and Restoration Theory
We sleep to repair itself after working all day
Purpose of sleep"
reorganizes memory, rehearses new learning behaviors, prevent wasteful energy expenditure from movement
cools down body, restores CNS, promotes immune function
psychological adaptation thorugh dreams, CNS development, reverses body cooling, allows periodic wakenings to survey environment
Chronic Sleep loss can cause
obesity, increased ghrelin and cortisol, suppression of immune system, impaired memory
Used to describe people with both genitalia
The ability of hte heart, blood vessels, and lungs to supply oxygen to working muscles during physical activity for prolonged periods of time
individual's own perception of his or her overall sexual self
behavioral, cultural or psychological traits that a society associates with males and female sex
people whose gender identity is at odds with the gender they were assigned at birth according to their sex and physiological characteristics of their bodies
Act that allows LGBT people to get legally married
Defense of Marriage Act
The idea that stress due to status decreases mental health
Minority Stress Model
Health Equity Promotion Model
Social positions, individual and structural and environmental context intersect helath-promoting and adverse pathways that effect health.
Each of us has body weight that continously ajusts our metabolism and eating to maintain our weight w/in genetically predetermined rangw