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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (25):
1

What is the region of a bacterial cell in which its DNA is located?

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2

A small loop of bacterial DNA that carries nonessential but valuable genes such as those for antibiotic resistance is called what?

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3

How does a fairly large molecule such as RNA get out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell?

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4

What is made in nucleolus

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5

What is the correct sequence for the manufacture and processing of a protein?

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6

What is a mitochondrion?

Energy source of the cell. Its function is cellular respiration. Makes most of the ATP found in the Eukaryotic cells. contains circular DNA and 70s ribosomes.

7

What is the Golgi Apparatus”?

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8

How would a person know that a cell is a plant cell versus
an animal cell?

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9

When you pour hydrogen peroxide onto a cut or scrape, it fizzes as organelles in the injured cells break down the toxic H2O2. What organelles are at work in this example?

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10

Which organelle is analogous to a recycling plant?

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11

What is phagocytosis?

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12

The system of protein fibers found throughout the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell is what

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13

Which tiniest fibers is involved in cytokinesis at the end of animal cell division?

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14

Which type of fiber is involved in the movement of eukaryotic flagella and cilia?

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15

Which organelle is referred to as the “power station” of the cell?

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16

What are the folds of the inner mitochondrial membrane called?

Cristae

17

In an eukaryotic cell, some parts of chromosomes are so tightly condensed that the genes cannot be read. What is this form of the genetic material called?

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18

What is the molecule shown to the right?

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19

When the molecule shown is used as an energy source, which bond is broken? (choices shown on diagram circle your answer)

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20

What term refers to all of the chemical reactions that occur in a cell?

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21

Both glucose and ATP are energy molecules. Why is ATP more useful in a cell?

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22

Where is the energy stored in the food you eat?

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23

Why do you have to breathe?

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24

Which process makes most of the ATP produced by cellular respiration?

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25

If a skeletal muscle cell lacks oxygen, what will happen?

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