Flashcards in Unit 2 / Chpt. 11 - Stress, Health, & Coping Deck (22):
What is stress?
The demand that is made on an organism to adapt, cope, or adjust.
What is a stressor?
An event that gives rise to feelings of stress.
Stress that is healthful.
What are the sources of stress?
-Inner Concern Hassles
-Financial Responsibility Hassles
What are household hassles?
Preparing meals, shopping, and home maintenance.
What are health hassles?
Physical illness, concern about medical treatment, and side effects of medication.
What are time-pressure hassles?
Having too many things to do, too many responsibilities, and not enough time.
What are inner concern hassles?
Being socially isolated, lonely.
What are environmental hassles?
Crime, neighborhood deterioration, and traffic noise.
What are financial responsibility hassles?
Concern about owing money such as mortgage payments and loan installments.
What are work hassles?
Job dissatisfaction, not liking one’s duties at work, and problems with coworkers.
What are security hassles?
Concerns about job security, terrorism, taxes, property investments, stock market swings, and retirement.
What is castastrophize?
To interpret negative events as being disastrous; to “blow things out of proportion.”
Type A Behavior?
The Type A behavior pattern is characterized by a sense of time urgency, competitiveness, and hostility.
What is fight or flight?
A possibly innate adaptive response to the perception of danger.
What do headaches have to do with stress?
Headaches are among the most common stress-related physical ailments. Nearly 20% of people in the United States suffer severe headaches.
What is health psychology?
The field of psychology that studies the relationships between psychological factors (e.g., attitudes, beliefs, situational influences, and behavior patterns) and the prevention and treatment of physical illness.
What is GAS?
Selye’s term for a hypothesized three-stage response to stress.
What are the three stages involved in GAS?
1. Alarm Reaction Stage
2. Resistance Stage
3. Exhaustion Stage
What is the alarm reaction stage?
-Triggered by perception of a stressor.
-Involves bodily changes that are initiated by the brain.
-Regulated by the sympathetic division of the ANS and endocrine system.
What is the resistance stage?
-All our resources are active.
-If you stay here for a long period of time, it can put our systems over the edge.
-The second stage of the GAS, characterized by prolonged sympathetic activity in an effort to restore lost energy and repair damage; also called the adaptation stage.