Unit 2: Prejudice Flashcards Preview

Intro to Social Psychology > Unit 2: Prejudice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Prejudice Deck (29):
1

prejudice

a negative prejudgement of a group and its individual members (attitude)

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discrimination

unfair treatment of members of a particular group based on their membership in that group (behavior)

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stereotypes

a belief about the personal attributes of a group of people based on generalizations

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old-fashion racism

ascribing negative traits and opposing equal rights

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modern racism

deny discrimination, opposing efforts that promote equality, rejecting minorities for other reasons

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explicit prejudice

we're aware that we have and are able to articulate our views

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explicit prejudice predicts Bx

that we have conscious control over

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implicit prejudice

negative associations toward a group that we don't even know we have or aren't willing to share

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implicit prejudice predicts Bx that

we do not have conscious control over (body language)

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motivational source of prejudice - realistic group conflict theory

prejudice arises when groups compete for scarce resources

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example of realistic group conflict theory

Jews in the Holocaust - German economy declined, Jews used as scapegoat

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motivational source of perjudice - social identity theory

part of our self-concept is in our groups, so we favor our in-group (in group bias) and derogate out-group to boost our self-esteem

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minimal group paradigm study

people arbitrarily told they overestimated or underestimated number of dots - they then awarded people in their own group more money

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cognitive source of prejudice - group categorization

we underestimate between-group similarity and overestimate in-group similarity

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line study for group categorization

no pattern of estimation when unlabeled, but when labeled A or B greater overestimation of differences in length

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cognitive source of prejudice - social categorization

classification of persons into groups on the basis of common attributes (outgroup homogeneity effect)

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cognitive source of prejudice - illusory correlation

people overestimate the link between variables that are slightly or not correlated

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illusory correlation made when

variables are disctinctive (unusual) but already expected to go together

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illusory correlation example

white people overestimate the arrest rate of black people

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cognitive source of prejudice - confirmation bias example

people listen to same audio recording of basketball game, led to believe player was black or white - rated black player as more athletic and rated white player as "more court smart"

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prejudice and self-fulfilling prohpecy study

white interviewers trained in different styles - all white Ps interviewed - Ps treated like how Black applicants are normally treated performed worse than Ps treated like white applicants

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stereotype threat

fear that one will be reduced to a stereotype in the eyes of others - leads to underperformance

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stereotype threat and academic achievement

black and white standford students told test was diagnostic of intelligence OR not diagnostic - white students performed same, black students performed worse when told test was diagnostic

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stereotype and multiple identities study

asian women reminded of asian identity, women identity, or neither, then took math exam - when asian primed, performance increased but when women primed performance decreased

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reduce stereotype threat by

deemphasize stereotype, reframe task as nondiagnostic, self-affirmation, think of intelligence as malleable (not fixed)

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contact hypothesis

contact between majority and minority group members will decrease prejudice to disprove inaccurate stereotypes

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Allport on contact hypothesis

contact hypothesis only valid when contact occurs between people of equal status in pursuit of common goals

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contact hypothesis Sherif's Robber Cave study

through competition, created hostility between two groups of equal status boys at a camp - try to ameliorate hostility with activities like watching movies together - only opened more opportunities for aggression

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Sherif's Robber Cave study resulted in decreased prejudice when

cooperative contact - emergencies were created (breakdown of water supplu, etc.) forced them to work together