Unit 2- Surgical Suffixes, Hematology, and Diagnostic Imaging Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 2- Surgical Suffixes, Hematology, and Diagnostic Imaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2- Surgical Suffixes, Hematology, and Diagnostic Imaging Deck (113):
1

tomos

cut

2

ex (ec)

out of, away, from

3

os

opening like a mouth

4

stoma

opening like a mouth

5

in

inside, into

6

cis (incisio)

cut, cut with a knife

7

-tome

instrument used to cut slices

8

-tomy

cut into, incise, incision

9

-ectomy

cut out, remove, excise, excision

10

-ostomy

cut a new surgical opening

11

-graph

instrument used to record data

12

-gram

picture or record

13

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

14

CT

computed tomography (CAT)

15

PET

positron emission tomography

16

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography

17

-algia

pain

18

cardi/o, card/o

heart

19

electr/o

electrical

20

-graphy

process of making a recording or image

21

son/o

sound

22

ech/o

sound made by reflected sound waves

23

radi/o

ray coming from a central point

24

-pathy

disease

25

-path/p

disease

26

leuk/o

white

27

melan/o

black

28

erythr/o

red

29

cyan/o

blue

30

chlor/o

green

31

xanth/o

yellow

32

-osis, -tic

disease, condition, status, or process

33

-cyte

cell

34

-blast

embryonic or immature cell

35

-emia

blood condition

36

-logy

study of

37

-meter

instrument used to measure or count something

38

-metry

process of measuring or counting something

39

-penia

poverty, deficiency in number

40

lymph/o

water or liquid

41

edema

condition of fluid accumulation in the tissues causing swelling or puffiness

42

thromb/o

blood clot

43

-osis used as a suffix with blood cells (thrombocytosis, erthyrocytosis)

Indicates a condition characterized by an increase in number of

44

hist/o

tissues

45

mania

condition of madness characterized by rapid speech, hyperactivity, and irritability
associated with bipolar disorder

46

blastocyte

immature cell

47

cardialgia

heart pain

48

cardiologist

physician specialist in heart disease

49

cardiomegaly

enlarged heart

50

cyanoderma

blueness of the skin

51

cyanosis

condition of blueness

52

cytologist

a technologist who studies cellular disease

53

cytology

the science of studying cells

54

cytometer

instrument used to count cells

55

cytometry

process of using a cytometer

56

dermatology

science of studying the skin

57

dermatome

instrument used to cut slices of skin tissue

58

duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum

59

duodenotomy

incision into the duodenum

60

duodenum

first part of the small intestine

61

echocardiography

sonography of the heart

62

electrocardiogram

picture (tracing) representing the electrical activity of the heart during the cardiac cycle

63

electrocardiograph

instrument that produces the electrocardiogram

64

electrocardiography

process of using the electrocardiograph

65

erythema

reddened skin (erythroderma)

66

erythremia

abnormally red blood due to too many erythrocytes

67

erythroblast

immature red blood cell

68

erythrocytes

red blood cells

69

erythrocytopenia

low numbers of erythrocytes

70

erythrocytosis

high numbers of erythrocytes

71

erythroderma

redness of the skin

72

etiology

study of the origin of the cause of disease

73

gastralgia

stomach pain

74

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

75

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

76

gastroduodenostomy

making a new opening between the stomach and duodenum

77

gastromegaly

enlarged stomach

78

gastrostomy

making a new opening in the stomach

79

histoblast

immature tissue cells

80

histology

the science of studying tissues

81

hypodermic

pertaining to below the dermis

82

inflamed

verb form for inflammation

83

inflammaton

tissue condition of redness, swelling, heat

84

jaundice

yellow appearance due to high bilirubin level in the blood

85

leukemia

blood cancer involving leukocytes and bone marrow

86

leukocyte

white blood cell

87

leukocytopenia

low numbers of leukocytes

88

leukocytosis

high numbers of leukocytes

89

leukoderma

abnormally white skin (vitiligo)

90

lymphatic

pertaining to the lymph system

91

lymphedema

obstructed lymph vessels causing fluid buildup in tissues (swelling)

92

lymphocyte

lymphatic system white blood cell

93

megalomania

abnormally enlarged self-image

94

melanoblast

immature melanocyte

95

melanocyte

pigment cell

96

melanoderma

dark patches of skin

97

pathologist

physician specialist in the study of disease

98

pathology

the science of studying disease

99

radiogram

x-ray picture (film)

100

radiograph

instrument used to produce the radiogram

101

radiography

process of producing radiograms

102

radiologist

physician specialist in the interpretation of radiograms and other diagnostic imaging modalities

103

sonogram

image of body produced by computerized reflected sound

104

sonograph

instrument that reflects sound waves through the body, picks them up with a transducer, and uses a computer to create an image of body structures

105

sonographer

technologist who performs sonography

106

sonography

process of using a sonograph

107

thrombocytes

platelets, blood-clotting cell fragments

108

thrombocytopenia

low numbers of thrombocytes

109

thrombocytosis

high numbers of thrombocytes

110

tomogram

picture made by tomograph

111

tomograph

instrument that uses x-ray to produce images through planes (slices) of the body

112

tomography

the process of using a tomograph

113

xanthemia

yellow condition of the blood (carotenemia)