Unit 2: The Constitution & the US Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2: The Constitution & the US Deck (19):
1

The first governing document in the United States

Articles of Confederation

2

Unicameral legislature, equal representation for all states

New Jersey Plan

3

African Americans would count as 3/5 of a person for both purposes

3/5th Compromise

4

A system that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another branch so as to prevent any one branch from exerting too much power

Checks & Balances

5

The constitutional arrangement where power is divided and shared VERTICALLY (among the federal governments and the state governments)

Federalism

6

A process under which executive and legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary.

Judicial Review

7

Those who are against the Constitution

Anti-Federalists

8

“ambition must be made to counteract ambition”

Federalist #51

9

The Constitution is a solution to the problem of FACTIONS

Federalist #10

10

Unicameral legislature, proportional representation

Virginia Plan

11

A compromise adopted at the Constitutional Convention, providing the states with equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives.

The Connecticut Compromise

12

A legislative body with two branches or chambers

Bicameral

13

Mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the indirect election of the president and vice president of the United States

Electoral College

14

The constitutional arrangement where power is divided and shared HORIZONTALLY (among the three branches of the national government)

Separation of Powers

15

(aka The Necessary & Proper Clause) A constitutional clause allowing Congress to pass laws deemed necessary to carry out its job

Elastic Clause

16

A clause within Article VI of the U.S. Constitution which dictates that federal law is the " supreme law of the land"

Supremacy Clause

17

Supporters of the proposed Constitution

Federalist

18

Under the Articles of Confederation the __________ retained most political power.

States

19

Which of the following was one of the main provisions of the Articles of Confederation?

It guaranteed equal representation for the states.