Unit 2 VHD relationships, blanks moved around Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Unit 2 > Unit 2 VHD relationships, blanks moved around > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 VHD relationships, blanks moved around Deck (180):
1

The________ are positioned deep to the internal intercostal muscles.

intercostal nerves, arteries and veins

2

The ______ is positioned posterior (deep) to the first six costal cartilages.

internal thoracic artery

3

The_______ passes anterior to the root of the left lung.

left phrenic nerve

4

The _______ is positioned lateral to the pericardial sac

left phrenic nerve

5

The _______ passes lateral to the ascending aorta.

left phrenic nerve

6

The _______ is positioned lateral to the superior vena cava

right phrenic nerve

7

The ________ is positioned lateral to the pericardial sac.

right phrenic nerve

8

The _______ passes anterior to the root of the right lung

right phrenic nerve

9

The ______ passes superior to the pulmonary trunk

arch of the aorta

10

The_______ passes directly lateral to the arch of the aorta.

left vagus nerve

11

The ______ passes posterior to the ligamentum arteriosum.

left recurrent laryngeal nerve

12

The______passes directly inferior to the arch of the aorta.

left recurrent laryngeal nerve

13

The ______ passes posterior to the left main bronchus.

left vagus nerve

14

The______ is positioned lateral to the trachea.

right vagus nerve

15

The______ passes medial to the arch of the azygos vein and posterior to the right main bronchus.

right vagus nerve

16

The _______ is positioned lateral (right) to the ascending aorta

superior vena cava

17

The ______ passes superior to the right main bronchus

azygos vein (arch)

18

The______ is positioned posterior to the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk.

transverse pericardial sinus

19

The _____ is positioned posterior to the trachea.

esophagus

20

The ______ passes posterior to the left main bronchus

esophagus

21

The ______ passes posterior to the left main bronchus.

descending (thoracic) aorta

22

At the hilum of the left lung, the _____ is positioned superior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary artery

23

At the hilum of the left lung, the ______ are positioned anterior and inferior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary veins

24

At the hilum of the right lung, the ______ is positioned anterior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary artery

25

At the hilum of the right lung, the _____ are positioned anterior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary veins

26

At the hilum of the right lung, the_____ are positioned anterior and inferior to the pulmonary arteries

pulmonary veins

27

The _____ pass anterior to the vertebral bodies.

right posterior intercostal arteries

28

The ______ are all positioned directly inferior to the ribs.

intercostal veins, arteries, and nerves

29

The ______ is positioned lateral to the thoracic vertebral bodies.

sympathetic chain

30

The _____ is positioned posterior to the pericardial sac.

descending (thoracic) aorta

31

The ______ is positioned to the left (lateral) of the vertebral bodies.

descending (thoracic) aorta

32

The_____ is positioned to the right of the descending aorta.

inferior vena cava

33

The _____ nerve is positioned anterior - medial to the sympathetic chain.

greater splanchnic

34

The ____ is positioned posterior to the pericardial sac.

esophagus

35

Near the diaphragm, the _____ is positioned anterior to the thoracic aorta.

esophagus

36

The _____ is positioned directly anterior to the thoracic vertebral bodies.

thoracic duct

37

The ____ passes posterior to the duodenum (first segment) and anterior to the epiploic foramen.

common bile duct

38

The _____ passes anterior to the epiploic foramen, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal ligament), it is typically positioned posterior to the bile duct and the hepatic artery proper.

hepatic portal vein

39

The _____ passes anterior to the epiploic foramen.

hepatic artery proper

40

The _____passes posterior to the duodenum (first segment) and anterior to the pancreas.

gastroduodenal artery

41

The _____ is positioned directly lateral (to the right) of the pancreas (head).

duodenum (second segment)

42

The ____ is positioned directly inferior to the pancreas (head) and passes anterior to both
the inferior vena cava and the abdominal aorta

duodenum (3rd segment)

43

The _____pass posterior to the stomach (fundus) and are typically positioned posterior -
superior to the pancreas (body and tail).

splenic artery and vein

44

The _____passes anterior to the duodenum (4th segment) and posterior to both the
stomach (pylorus) and the pancreas (body).

superior mesenteric vein

45

The_____ passes posterior to the liver and is positioned lateral to the caudate lobe.

inferior vena cava

46

The ____ is positioned lateral to the quadrate lobe of the liver.

gall bladder

47

The______ is positioned anterior - lateral to the psoas muscle and anterior to both the quadratus lumborum
and transversus abdominis muscles

kidney

48

The_____ is positioned superior to the right kidney.

right suprarenal gland

49

The _____ is positioned medial to the left kidney.

left suprarenal gland

50

The _____ passes directly posterior to the inferior vena cava.

right renal artery

51

The _____ passes anterior to the abdominal aorta and posterior to the superior mesenteric artery.

left renal vein

52

The _____ passes anterior to the psoas muscle.

right ureter

53

The ____ passes directly anterior to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas
muscle.

right testicular artery

54

The ____passes directly anterior to the left common iliac vein.

right common iliac artery

55

The _____ pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the
sacrospinous ligament.

internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve

56

The _____ is positioned directly superficial (lateral) to the bulb of the vestibule.

bulbospongiosus muscle

57

The ______ is positioned directly superficial to the crus of the clitoris.

ischiocavernosus muscle

58

The _____ is positioned posterior to the vagina and cervix and directly posterior to the rectouterine pouch.

rectum

59

The _____ is positioned posterior-superior to the bladder.

uterus (body and fundus)

60

The ____ is positioned directly anterior to the rectouterine pouch.

uterus

61

The ____ is typically positioned posterior to the broad ligament of the uterus and posterior-inferior to the
uterine tube.

ovary

62

The ____ is positioned anterior to the vagina.

urethra

63

The _____ is positioned posterior-medial to the common iliac artery.

left common iliac vein

64

The _____ is positioned posterior-medial to the external iliac artery.

external iliac vein

65

The ______ pass inferior to the superior pubic ramus.

obturator artery, vein and nerve

66

The ____ passes posterior and inferior to the uterine artery.

ureter

67

The _____ passes superior and anterior to the vaginal artery.

ureter

68

The_____passes anterior to the sacrum (ala).

lumbosacral trunk

69

The ____ is positioned medial to the obturator internus muscle.

pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle)

70

The _____ pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the
sacrospinous ligament

internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve

71

The_____ is positioned directly superficial to the bulb of the penis.

bulbospongiosus muscle

72

The _____ is positioned directly superficial to the crus of the penis.

ischiocavernosus muscle

73

The _____passes inferior to the pubic symphysis.

deep dorsal vein of the penis

74

The _____ is positioned directly inferior (superficial) to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse
perineal muscle).

bulb of the penis

75

The____is positioned superior to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

prostate

76

The____ is positioned posterior to the prostate and anterior to the sacrum and coccyx.

rectum

77

The____is positioned superior to the prostate.

bladder

78

The _____ is positioned posterior to the bladder.

ductus deferens (ampulla)

79

The ______ is positioned superior to the prostate.

ductus deferens (ampulla)

80

The_____ is positioned lateral to the ampulla of the ductus deferens.

seminal vesicle

81

The _____ is positioned posterior to the bladder.

seminal vesicle

82

The _____ passes directly posterior and inferior to the ductus deferens.

ureter

83

The ______ is positioned posterior-medial to the common iliac artery.

left common iliac vein

84

The _____ is positioned posterior-medial to the external iliac artery.

external iliac vein

85

The_____ passes directly anterior to the right external iliac artery.

right ureter

86

The _____ passes directly posterior - superior (deep) to the obliterated umbilical artery.

ductus deferens

87

The _____ pass inferior to the superior pubic ramus.

obturator artery, vein and nerve

88

The_____ passes anterior to the sacrum (ala).

lumbosacral trunk

89

The _____ is positioned medial to the obturator internus muscle.

pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle)

90

The intercostal nerves, arteries and veins are positioned deep to the ____

internal intercostal muscles.

91

The internal thoracic artery is positioned posterior (deep) to the _____

first six costal cartilages.

92

The left phrenic nerve passes anterior to the ______

root of the left lung.

93

The left phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the ____

pericardial sac.

94

The left phrenic nerve passes lateral to the ____.

ascending aorta

95

The right phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the _____

superior vena cava.

96

The right phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the ____

pericardial sac.

97

The right phrenic nerve passes anterior to the ____

root of the right lung.

98

The arch of the aorta passes superior to the ____

pulmonary trunk.

99

The left vagus nerve passes directly lateral to the____

arch of the aorta.

100

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes posterior to the____

ligamentum arteriosum.

101

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes directly inferior to the arch of the ____

aorta.

102

The left vagus nerve passes posterior to the ___

left main bronchus

103

The right vagus nerve is positioned lateral to the _____

trachea.

104

The right vagus nerve passes medial to the arch of the azygos vein and posterior to the _____

right main bronchus.

105

The superior vena cava is positioned lateral (right) to the ____

ascending aorta.

106

The azygos vein (arch) passes superior to the ____

right main bronchus.

107

The transverse pericardial sinus is positioned posterior to the ascending aorta and the _____

pulmonary trunk.

108

The esophagus is positioned posterior to the ____.

trachea

109

The esophagus passes posterior to the left main ____

bronchus.

110

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes posterior to the ____

left main bronchus.

111

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned superior to the ____

main bronchus.

112

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned anterior and inferior to the ____

main bronchus.

113

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned anterior to the --___

main bronchus.

114

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned anterior to the ____

main bronchus.

115

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned anterior and inferior to the ____

pulmonary
arteries.

116

The right posterior intercostal arteries pass anterior to the ____

vertebral bodies.

117

The intercostal veins, arteries, and nerves are all positioned directly inferior to the ____

ribs.

118

The sympathetic chain is positioned lateral to the ____

thoracic vertebral bodies.

119

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned posterior to the ____

pericardial sac.

120

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned to the left (lateral) of the ____

vertebral bodies.

121

The inferior vena cava is positioned to the right of the _____

descending aorta.

122

The greater splanchnic nerve is positioned anterior - medial to the ____

sympathetic chain.

123

The esophagus is positioned posterior to the ____

pericardial sac.

124

Near the diaphragm, the esophagus is positioned anterior to the ____.

thoracic aorta

125

The thoracic duct is positioned directly anterior to the ____

thoracic vertebral bodies.

126

The common bile duct passes posterior to the duodenum (first segment) and anterior to the____

epiploic foramen.

127

The hepatic portal vein passes anterior to the _____, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal
ligament), it is typically positioned posterior to the ___and the ____

epiploic foramen

bile duct

hepatic artery proper.

128

The hepatic artery proper passes anterior to the ____

epiploic foramen.

129

The gastroduodenal artery passes posterior to the duodenum (first segment) and anterior to the ____

pancreas.

130

The duodenum (second segment) is positioned directly lateral (to the right) of the ____

pancreas (head).

131

The duodenum (3rd segment) is positioned directly inferior to the ____ and passes anterior to both
the _____ and the ___

pancreas (head)

inferior vena cava

abdominal aorta

132

The splenic artery and vein pass posterior to the ____ and are typically positioned posterior -
superior to the____

stomach (fundus)

pancreas (body and tail).

133

The ____is positioned lateral (to the left) to the superior mesenteric vein and passes
anterior to the duodenum (4th segment), directly anterior to the left renal vein, and posterior to the pancreas
(body).

superior mesenteric artery

134

The superior mesenteric artery is positioned lateral (to the left) to the____ and passes
anterior to the _____, directly anterior to the____, and posterior to the _____

superior mesenteric vein

duodenum (4th segment)

left renal vein

pancreas
(body).

135

The superior mesenteric vein passes anterior to the ____ and posterior to both the
____ and the _____

duodenum (4th segment)

stomach (pylorus)

pancreas (body).

136

The inferior vena cava passes posterior to the____ and is positioned lateral to the ____

liver

caudate lobe

137

The gall bladder is positioned lateral to the ____

quadrate lobe of the liver.

138

The kidney is positioned anterior - lateral to the ____ and anterior to both the ____ muscles.

psoas muscle

quadratus lumborum
and transversus abdominis

139

The right suprarenal gland is positioned superior to the ____

right kidney.

140

The left suprarenal gland is positioned medial to the

left kidney.

141

The right renal artery passes directly posterior to the _____

inferior vena cava.

142

The left renal vein passes anterior to the ____ and posterior to the ____

abdominal aorta

superior mesenteric artery.

143

The right ureter passes anterior to the____

psoas muscle.

144

The right testicular artery passes directly anterior to the ____,

inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas
muscle.

145

The right common iliac artery passes directly anterior to the ____

left common iliac vein.

146

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the
_____

sacrospinous ligament.

147

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly superficial (lateral) to the ____

bulb of the vestibule.

148

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly superficial to the ____

crus of the clitoris.

149

The rectum is positioned posterior to the ____ and ____ and directly posterior to the ____

vagina
cervix

rectouterine pouch.

150

The uterus (body and fundus) is positioned posterior-superior to the ____

bladder.

151

The uterus is positioned directly anterior to the _____.

rectouterine pouch

152

The ovary is typically positioned posterior to the _____and posterior-inferior to the _____

broad ligament of the uterus

uterine tube.

153

The urethra is positioned anterior to the ____

vagina.

154

The left common iliac vein is positioned posterior-medial to the____

common iliac artery.

155

The external iliac vein is positioned posterior-medial to the _____

external iliac artery.

156

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass inferior to the _____.

superior pubic ramus

157

The ureter passes posterior and inferior to the ____

uterine artery.

158

The ureter passes superior and anterior to the ____

vaginal artery.

159

The lumbosacral trunk passes anterior to the____

sacrum (ala).

160

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned medial to the ____

obturator internus muscle.

161

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the
_____

sacrospinous ligament.

162

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly superficial to the _____

bulb of the penis.

163

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly superficial to the _____

crus of the penis.

164

The deep dorsal vein of the penis passes inferior to the _____

pubic symphysis.

165

The bulb of the penis is positioned directly inferior (superficial) to the _______

urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse
perineal muscle).

166

The prostate is positioned superior to the _____

urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

167

The rectum is positioned posterior to the ____ and anterior to the ____

prostate

sacrum and coccyx.

168

The bladder is positioned superior to the ____

prostate.

169

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned posterior to the ____

bladder.

170

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned superior to the ____

prostate.

171

The seminal vesicle is positioned lateral to the ampulla of the ____

ductus deferens.

172

The seminal vesicle is positioned posterior to the

bladder.

173

The ureter passes directly posterior and inferior to the _____.

ductus deferens

174

The left common iliac vein is positioned posterior-medial to the _____

common iliac artery.

175

The external iliac vein is positioned posterior-medial to the_____

external iliac artery.

176

The right ureter passes directly anterior to the____

right external iliac artery.

177

The ductus deferens passes directly posterior - superior (deep) to the ____

obliterated umbilical artery.

178

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass inferior to the ____

superior pubic ramus.

179

The lumbosacral trunk passes anterior to the ____

sacrum (ala).

180

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned medial to the ____

obturator internus muscle.