Unit 2b: Early Republic & Age of Jackson Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2b: Early Republic & Age of Jackson Deck (29):
1

Louisiana Purchase

large portion of land bought from the French under Jefferson’s presidency that became 13 new American states

2

Lewis & Clark

adventurous explorers sent by T. Jefferson to explore land in the Midwest and west part of the US, kept very detailed diaries

3

Mexican War

conflict between US and Mexico over boundaries of land in between Nueces River and El Rio Grande in Mexico

4

Mexican Cession

land that Mexico gave to the US after the Mexican War; includes present day southwest

5

Oregon Trail

route to the Oregon territory taken by settlers during the 1800’s; not an easy route due to mud, rocky land, and dangerous incidents with Native Indians

6

Annexation of Texas 1845

adding Texas to the Union after it was its own country since 1836

7

Alamo

defeat of Texans at a fort by Mexicans that became a rally cry “remember the Alamo!”

8

Gold rush

1849 rush out to California to find gold
‘49ers: people (mostly men) who moved out west into California to search for gold in 1849

9

“Manifest Destiny”:

a phrase coined by journalist John O’Sullivan who claimed God wanted settlers to take over the west, it was our destiny

10

Mormons

followers of the Mormon faith, often discriminated against due to their belief in multiple marriages for men in their culture, mostly settled in the state of Utah

11

Joseph Smith

founder of the Mormon faith who stated he was spoken to by God and found the golden plates

12

Bingham Young

second leader of the Mormons

13

Treaty of Guadalupe

treaty that ended the Mexican War

14

Zachary Taylor

American General during Mexican American War

15

James K. Polk

President during Mexican American War

16

Trail of Tears

800 mile journey Native Indians (Cherokees) were forced to travel on to leave Florida and head into Oklahoma; over 18,000 Native Indians traveled – 3,000 died along the way

17

Worcester vs. Georgia

Supreme Court ruled that the federal government should protect the Cherokee Indians; ignored by President Jackson & the state of Georgia

18

Andrew Jackson

American General during Seminole War, becomes 7th President in 1828

19

Missouri Compromise

1820 agreement proposed by Henry Clay that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, Maine to enter as a free state, and banned slavery in the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36/30 line

20

Henry Clay

the “Great Compromiser”, Congressional leader during early 1800’s

21

Tecumseh

united Indian tribes in an uprising in 1811, lost the Battle of Tippecanoe

22

Spoils System

Jackson’s system of rewarding political supporters with government jobs

23

Bank War

Jackson’s disagreement over renewing the 2nd National Bank

24

Martin van Buren

Jackson’s VP, and successor to Andrew Jackson

25

“Tippecanoe & Tyler too”:

campaign slogan for Harrison in the election of 1842

26

War of 1812

2nd American Revolution, Second major conflict with Great Britain, known as Mr. Madison’s War

27

War Hawks

senators in Congress who wanted to go to war with Great Britain

28

War Doves

senators in Congress who did not want to go to war with Great Britain, listened to GW’s advice

29

Embargo

a no-trade policy, the US placed one against Great Britain