Unit #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit #3 Deck (87):
1

Reconstruction Acts of 1867 divided the south into what?

Military districts

2

Major form of transportation used by families along the great overland trails?

Conestoga wagons

3

Strengthened the moral cause of the war in 1863

Emancipation Proclamation

4

During the 1850s, this region received the lowest amount of immigrants

South

5

Major legislation enacted due to the Compromise of 1850

Fugitive Slave Act

6

This address the fear of European intervention in Latin America

Roosevelt Corollary

7

Who were northerners most concerned about that might support the confederacy

UK (British)

8

As a result of this event, the US gained guam phillipines

Spanish American War

9

This event reflected poor people's opposition to the rich mans war

New York Draft Riot

10

This union was formed strictly for professional craftsmen

American Federation of Labor

11

The 1890s Native American movement that occurred due to their loss of tribal atanomy

Ghost Dancers

12

This event opened two million acres of former native american lands for settlement

Oklahoma Land Rush

13

Major anti- Asian immigration legislation in 1882

Chinese Exclusion Act

14

This famous American author was the first to coin the phrase Gilded Age

Mark Twain

15

This famous African american regiment lead the attack at fort wagner

54th Massachusetts

16

The key leader of the well known political system in New York known as Tammany Hall

Boss Tweed

17

This political party was formed as an opposition to both German and Irish immigrants

Know nothing Party

18

A bomb explode during the protest by anarchists in Chicago

Haymarket Square Riot

19

During the 1850s, this movement actually overshadowed the women rights movement

Abolitionist movement

20

This is the name of the popular church establish by Northerner minsiters

African American Episcopal CHurch

21

Female textile workers throughout new england would eventually be replaced predominately by this race of immigrants

Irish

22

The primary intent of the Dawes act passed in 1887 was for native americans to do this

assimilate

23

What two newspaper publishers promoted yellow journalism?

William Randolph Hearst
Joseph Pulitzer

24

This US president that reconstruction was solely his responsibilty

Andrew Johnson

25

This political party was originally formed over the issue of the expansion of slavery

Republican Party

26

This new political party promoted the renewal of bank notes

Greenback Party

27

This famous performer proposed prison reform and hospitals for the mentally ill

Dorthea Dix

28

Proslavery vs. free soiler dispute between two US Senators

Brooks- Sumner Incident

29

This is the name given to major cases that gave states primary authority over civil rights

Slaughterhouse Cases

30

This is the first northern college to allow African american students to enroll

Oberlin College

31

Economic competition caused industrialist to adopt this practice

Horizontal integration

32

The most important route used to drive cattle to the Kansas

Chisholm Trail

33

A major piece of legislation passed in the 1860s to protect African american civil rights

14th amendment

34

This event involved the slaughter of cheyenne women men children by colonel chivington Colorado volunteers in 1864

Sand Creek Massacre

35

This agreement between democrats and republicans that exchanged presidential votes for the removal of federal troops from the south

Compromise of 1877

36

This term is used to address the declining municipal taxes transportation and jobs in urban areas

jingoism

37

Major legislation in 1887 designed to regulate railroad rates

Interstate Commerce Act

38

Term used to describe all the people who promoted major reform to solve social problems

Progressives

39

This is a term to described african american farmers who migrated west

exodusters

40

This is the name given to the proposal intended to keep slavery from spreading into the mexican territories

Wilmot Proviso

41

This civil war battle actually convinced european nations to avoid intervention in the civil war

Battle of antietam

42

This term is used describe both massive farms in the plans area and the rich discoveries of gold and silver

bonanza

43

The cycle of debt and depression for tenant farmers in the south is known as this

debt peonage (crop liens)

44

Cheif Joseph led this tribe on a long trek to avoid reservation life

Nez Perce

45

This leader was sent to promote gunboat diplomacy against the japanese in the 1850s

Commodore matthew perry

46

The center of municipal corruption in new york between the 1860s and 1890s

Tammany Hall

47

The two largest nationalities that immigrated to the US between 1860s and 1890s

Irish and german

48

The declaration of sentiments at seneca falls addressed this issue

Womens suffrage

49

What two agricultural exports declined rapidly due to the civil war

cotton and tobacco

50

This agreement was ultimately repealed due to the decisiom of the dred scott case

Missouri Compromise

51

This officially stated that suffrage could not be denied based on race

15th amendement

52

This major overland route originated in Independence, Missouri and ended in portland

Oregon Trail

53

Major indian uprising due to gold being discovered in the black hills

Sioux Uprising

54

This organization was formed in Texas to oppose high railroad freight rates

Famers Alliance

55

The first major agricultural cooperative formed in 1867

The Grange

56

This artistic movement found beauty in drab urban scenes of city life

Ashcan

57

Major native american tribe that opposed whites expansion in Arizona and mexico

Apachee

58

This was a major result of andrew jacksons indian removal policy between 1830s ad 1840s

Trail of Tears

59

This derogatory terms was used by ranchers to describe plain farmers

sodbusters

60

Major reason why northern politicians promoted radical construction of the south in the late 1860s

Black codes

61

The first normal school for African american teachers supervised by booker t washingoton

Tuskegee institute

62

This term is used to described the split of americans over the slavery issue

sectionalism

63

The primary why the south considered going to war against the north

states rights

64

This muckraker influenced the pure food act when he wrote the jungle

Upton SInclair

65

Major anti immigration movement that occurred between the 1850s and 1900s

nativism

66

Major labor protest that resulted in the disruptance in the US mail

Pullman strike

67

Carnegie system of public center to promote intellectual growth

libraries

68

Custards 7th calvalry was slaughtered by the sioux at this battle

Little Bighorn

69

Greatest contribution to western expansion during the 1870s

transcontinental railroad

70

Term used to describe unrestricted grazing of cattle on the plains

open range

71

Nickname given to african american political activism in the south

Black republicanism

72

Most southern freedemen worked farms after the civil war under this condition

sharecroppers

73

This supreme court case declared that slaves were not citizens

Dred Scott

74

Primary reason why the north went to war against the south

Preserve the south

75

This abolitionist author published uncle toms cabin

harriet beecher stowe

76

What two major groups of immigrants built the transcontinental railroad

Irish and chinese

77

Primary immigration processing station in new york

Ellis island

78

Famous union organizer and president of AFL

Samuel gompers

79

Well known gilded age philanthropists that wrote the gospel of wealth

Andrew Carnegie

80

Location where the 7th Calvary slaughtered the sioux ghost dancers

Wounded Knee

81

Greatest discovery that promoted many to move west in 1850s

gold

82

Major disagreements between ranchers farmers and sheepherders

ranch wars

83

Agency formed to provide aid for all war refugees

freedmens bureau

84

Black artistic and literary creativity during the gilded age

Harlem renaissance

85

Major system between 1820s -1865 that helped slaves escape slavery and reach promise land

underground railroad

86

Dominated by industrial resources railroads and foreign trade

North

87

Key leader of the Mormon movement between 1850s and 1880s

Brigham Young