Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Unit 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (23):
0

Developmental psychology

The study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities from conception to death.

1

Heredity

The transmission of physical and psychological characteristics from parents to offspring through genes.

2

Chromosomes

Thread-like "colored bodies" in the nucleus of each cell that are made up of DNA and hold the coded instructions if heredity.

3

DNA

Deoxyribinucleic acid, a molecular structure that contains coded genetic I formation and makes up chromosomes. The order if these molecules acts as a code for genetic information.

4

Genes

Specific areas in a strand if DNA that carry hereditary information and effect particular processes or personal features.

5

Polygenic

Personal traits or physical properties that are influenced by many genes working in combination.

6

Dominant gene

A gene whose influence will be expressed each time it is present.

7

recessive

A gene whose influence will be expressed only when it presents with another recessive gene

8

Human growth sequence

The pattern if physical development from conception to death.

9

Temperament

The physical core f personality, including emotional and perceptual sensitivity, energy levels, typical mood, ect...

10

Easy child

A child who is temperamentally relaxed and agreeable. Make up 40% of newborns.

11

Difficult child

A child who is temperamentally moody, intense, and easily angered. Only 10% of newborns fall into this category.

12

Slow to warm up child

A child who is temperamentally restrained and unexpressive. 15% of newborns fall into this category.

13

Environment

The sum of all external conditions affecting development, including especially the aspects of learning.

14

Sensitive periods

A period during development of increased sensitivity to environmental influences. Also, a time during which certain events must take place for normal development to occur.

15

Congenital problems

Problems or defects that originate during prenatal development in the womb.

16

Genetic disorders

Problems caused by defects in the gene or by inherited characteristics.

17

Teratogens

Radiation, a drug, or other substance capable of altering fetal development in different ways.

18

Medicated birth

The common practice in Western medicine of giving painkilling drugs during labor. Can block a mother's awareness if giving birth, some babies can be born partially anesthetized. It can also reduce oxygen flow to the fetus.

19

Prepared childbirth

A collection of techniques designed to manage discomfort and facilitate Beth so that use of painkilling drugs can be avoided and minimized.

20

Deprivation

In development, the loss or withholding of normal stimulation, nutrition, comfort, love, and so forth; a condition of lacking. Can cause a child to have lower IQ be more fearful, unhappy, and probe to hostile or aggressive behavior.

21

Enrichment

Deliberately making an environment more novel, complex, and perceptually or intellectually stimulating. Can improve abilities or enhance development.

22

Developmental level

An individual's current state of physical, emotional, and intellectual development.