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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (50):
1

decadent

adj. having or showing lowered moral character or standards 堕落的/腐败的
n. a person whose life is devoted to luxury and sensual pleasures 放纵的人
n. a person in a condition or process of mental or moral decay 道德上堕落的人

2

propriety

n. conformity to what is socially acceptable in conduct or speech 礼节
n. the quality or state of being especially suitable or fitting 适当/得体

3

confluence

n. the coming together of two or more things to the same point 汇合/混合

4

discretionary

adj. left to discretion: exercised at one's own discretion 自主决定的

5

scuff

v. to become scratched, chipped, or roughened by wear (使)磨损
v. to move heavily or clumsily 脚步拖沓

6

refulgent

adj. shining radiantly; resplendent 辉煌的/灿烂的

7

diabolic

adj. of, relating to, or characteristic of the devil 恶魔一般的

8

whet

vt. to sharpen by rubbing on or with something (as a stone) 磨快

9

commotion

n. an agitated disturbance 骚乱

10

invective

adj. of, relating to, or characterized by insult or abuse 侮辱性的

11

default

n. the nonperformance of an assigned or expected action 不履行义务/玩忽职守

12

facile

adj. having or showing a lack of depth of understanding or character 表面的/浅尝即止的
adj. easily accomplished or attained 容易的/唾手可得的

13

jolt

vi. to move or dislodge with a sudden, hard blow 突然移动
vt. to cause an unpleasant surprise for 惊吓

14

saccharine

adj. of, relating to or resembling that of sugar 像糖一样的/有甜味的
adj. appealing to the emotions in an obvious and tiresome way 做作的/矫情的

15

equanimity

n. evenness of mind especially under stress: calmness 平静/沉着

16

canonical

adj. conforming to a general rule or accepted procedure: orthodox 正统的/权威的

17

extenuate

v. to lessen the seriousness of by making partial excuses: mitigate 为。。辩解/使。。不严重
v. to lessen the strength or effect of: attenuate 平息/缓和

18

balk

vt. to check or stop by or as if by an obstacle 阻碍
v. to show unwillingness to accept, do, engage in, or agree to. 不愿接受/拒绝

19

demolition

n. the act or process of wrecking or destroying, especially destruction by explosives 破坏/毁坏

20

indispensable

adj. impossible to do without 必不可少的/不可或缺的

21

disgorge

v. to discharge by the throat and mouth: vomit 呕吐出
v. to give up on request or under pressure 被迫放弃

22

subjugate

vt. to bring under control and governance as a subject 征服/镇压
vt. to make subservient 剥夺。。。的自由

23

decant

vt .to pour off (wine, for example) without disturbing the sediment 轻轻倒出

24

corrugated

adj. shaped into a series of regular folds that look like waves 褶皱的

25

charade

n. a display of emotion or behavior that is insincere or intended to deceive 装模作样
n. a game in which words or phrases are represented in pantomime 动作字谜

26

cipher

n. a person of no importance or influence 无影响和无价值的人
v. to determine (a value) by doing the necessary mathematical operations 计算(价值)

27

voluble

adj. characterized by ready or rapid speech 健谈的/话多的

28

effete

adj. depleted of vitality, force, or effectiveness 衰弱的/衰落的
adj. lacking strength of will or character 缺乏信念的/懦弱的

29

anathema

n. a ban or curse solemnly pronounced by ecclesiastical authority and accompanied by excommunication 诅咒

30

expurgate

vt. to remove erroneous, vulgar, obscene, or otherwise objectionable material from (a book, for example) before publication 净化(书等),删去(不当处)

31

tangy

adj. having a powerfully stimulating odor or flavor 刺激的

32

vociferous

adj. making, given to , or marked by noisy and vehement outcry 喧哗的/大叫大嚷的

33

torrential

adj. caused by or resulting from action of rapidstreams 急流的

34

tacit

adj. implied or indicated (as by an act or by silence) but not actually expressed 暗示的

35

hamstring

vt. to make ineffective or powerless 使无效,使无力

36

bifurcate

v. (to cause) to divide into two branches or parts 使分成两支

37

drivel

n. unintelligible or meaningless talk 胡言乱语
v. to talk stupidly and carelessly 胡言乱语/说傻话

38

prolix

adj. tending to speak or write at excessive length 啰嗦的/冗长的

39

animus

n. a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will, enmity 敌意

40

desiccate

vt. to preserve (a food) by drying 使(食物)脱水以保存,使干燥
vt. to deprive of emotional or intellectual vitality 使缺乏活力

41

dyspeptic

adj. bad-tempered 脾气坏的
adj. pertaining to, subject to , or suffering from dyspepsia 消化不良的

42

palaver

n. an exchange of views for the purpose of exploring a subject or deciding an issue 对话/交流
vi. to talk profusely or idly 闲聊

43

panache

n. dash or flamboyance in style and action 炫耀

44

rampant

adj. growing thickly and vigorously (植物)生长茂盛的
adj. occurring without restraint and frequently, widely, or menacingly 猖獗的/不受限制的

45

soporific

n. a drug or other substance that induces sleep 催眠的药剂/安眠药
adj. causing or tending to cause sleep 催眠的
adj. of, relating to, or marked by sleepiness or lethargy 慵懒的/困倦的

46

gauge

n. a measurement (as of linear dimension) according to some standard or system 测量标准
vt. to determine the capacity or contents of 判定

47

insurgent

n. one who breaks with or opposes constituted authority or the established order 叛乱分子

48

vertigo

n. a dizzy confused state of mind 眩晕

49

conjure

vt. to charge or entreat earnestly or solemnly 请求/恳求
vt. to form a mental picture of 在脑海中浮现/想起

50

perspicuity

n. the quality of being perspicuous; clearness and lucidity 清晰明了