Unit 3 Ch 5 Lesson 2 Trails to California Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 Ch 5 Lesson 2 Trails to California Deck (13):
1

what is an immigrant

someone who comes from one country to live in another

2

how were the reasons for settlers coming to California different from those of trappers

trappers were looking for fur, settlers were looking for land

3

What is Sutters Fort

a fort that stood near a pass leading through Sierra Nevada. People could get food, supplies, or jobs there

4

who was John Augustus Sutter

immigranted from Switzerland and received a large land grant. built Sutters fort which marks the end of the Oregon Trail.

5

what is a pioneer

one of the first people to settle in a new land

6

what was the Bartleson-Bidwell expedition

a group of people who made the overland trip to California. they traveled by wagons

7

what is a wagon trail

group of wagons each pulled by horses or oxen

8

what is the California Trail

the main overland route to California

9

why did John Fremont travel to the West

to explore and map the Oregan Trail. He wrote a book about his travels to California

10

What is the Donner party

a group of people led by George and Jacob Donor who traveled a new route to California. They were caught in snowstorms. half the group died

11

Who was John Marsh

settler who had a ranch in Central Valley. He wrote to friends and inspired them to come to California

12

what route did Donner take to reach California

a new route south of the Great Salt Lake, it was suppose to be a short cut. led over route too rough and took a month longer and snowed.

13

Who was John Freemont

became known as the Great pathfinder after 2 expeditions on the western frontier. he wrote a book