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Flashcards in Unit 3: Outcome 3 Deck (73)
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1

Health promotion

The process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve, their health

2

Biomedical model of health

Focuses on the physical or biological aspects of disease and illness. It is a medical model of care practiced by doctors and health professionals and is associated with the diagnosis, cure and treatment of disease

3

Social model of health

A conceptual framework within which improvements in health and wellbeing are achieved, by directing effort towards addressing the social, economic and environmental determinants of health. The model is based on the understanding that in order to achieve health gains, social, economic and environmental determinants must be addressed

4

5 principles of the social model of health

AREAS

5

5 principles of the social model of health
Areas

Address the broader determinants of health

6

5 principles of the social model of health
aReas

Reduce social inequities

7

5 principles of the social model of health
arEas

Empower individuals and communities

8

5 principles of the social model of health
areAs

Access to health care

9

5 principles of the social model of health
areaS

Inter-sectorial collaboration

10

Prerequisites for health promotion (Ottawa charter)

Peace, shelter, food, income, education, a stable ecosystem and social justice and equity

11

Strategies for health promotion

Advocate, enable, mediate

12

Strategies for health promotion
Advocate

Advocacy requires others to work on behalf of the less fortunate to bring about awareness and change to make social, behavioural and biological factors favourable to good health.
EG. lobbying- actions that seek to gain support to improve health care

13

Strategies for health promotion
Enable

Health promotion focuses on equity and aims to reduce differences in health status to ensure equal opportunities and resources to enable all people to reach their full potential.
EG. Access to education, employment, adequate housing, nutritious food and health care

14

Strategies for health promotion
Mediate

Health promotion requires coordinated action by all levels of government, health sectors, NGO's, industry and media. (Sometimes conflict arises due to changes to promote health)

15

Action areas of the Ottawa Charter

Build a healthy public policy
Create supportive environments
Strengthen community action
Develop personal skills
Reorient health services

16

Action areas of the Ottawa Charter
B

Build a healthy public policy- develop policy/legislation to promote health

17

Action areas of the Ottawa Charter
C

Create supportive environments- create environments that make healthy choices, easier choices

18

Action areas of the Ottawa Charter
S

Strengthen community actions- involve and encourage people from all parts of the community

19

Action areas of the Ottawa Charter
D

Develop personal skills- inform and empower people to make healthier choices

20

Action areas of the Ottawa Charter
R

Reorient health services- switch focus from biomedical to preventative health care, encourage medical professionals to take preventative approaches

21

VicHealths mission

Vichealth is committed to promoting health by
PRISS

22

VicHealths mission
Priss

Promote fairness and opportunity for better health

23

VicHealths mission
pRiss

Recognise that the social and economic conditions for all people influence their health

24

VicHealths mission
prIss

In partnership with others, promote good health

25

VicHealths mission
PriSs

Support initiatives that assist individuals, communities, workplaces and broader society to improve wellbeing

26

VicHealths mission
PrisS

Seek to prevent chronicle conditions for all Victorians

27

Vichealths strategic priorities

PEPPI and EATAM

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VicHealths strategic priorities
P E

Promote healthy eating

29

VicHealths strategic priorities
E A

Encourage regular physical activity

30

VicHealths strategic priorities
P T

Prevent tobacco use