Unit 3 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 Test Deck (42):
1

Public Opinion

A diversity of opinion within a particular population

2

Political opinions that exist but have not been fully expressed

Latency

3

A widely shared and held view

Manifest opinion

4

The biggest change in public perception following 9/11 is the increase of Americans not willing to

Trust the national government

5

This state is usually ignored in polling for presidential elections

NY

6

Arose in response to concerns about voting abuses

Registration

7

The secret ballot printed by the state used to help ensure voter regularity is the

Australian ballot

8

In 2004 voter turnout

Decreased

9

Canvassing

The process by which campaigners learn about the issue positions of potential voters

10

Socialization

The way in which we come to see society and ourselves and learn to interact with others

11

Nationalism

Consciousness of the nation state and belonging to it

12

Attitudes

Individual;s propensity to perceive a particular object

13

Selective exposure

People pick media with which they agree

14

Attentive public

People who know and understand how the government works

15

Political know nothings

Rarely interested in politics and seldom vote

16

Part time citizens

Vote in presidential elections but not in others

17

Random sample

Every individual has a known and equal chance of being elected

18

Panel surveys

Interviewing the same sample more than once to t rack opinion change

19

Latency

Political opinions that are held but not yet expressed

20

Salience

An individual's belief that an issue is important/relevant

21

24th Amendment

Banned poll taxes

22

National Voting Rights Act

Outlawed the use of literacy test

23

General elections

Elections in which voters elect office holders

24

Primary elections

Elections in which voters determine party nominees

25

Special elections

Replace members of the House of Reps who have died or left office

26

Presidential elections

Elections held in years when the president is on the ballot

27

Midterm elections

Elections held midway between presidential elections

28

Off year elections

Elections held in odd numbered calendar years

29

Banking the vote

Mobilizing voters to vote early to reduce people needed to mobilize on election day

30

26th Amendment

Lowered voter age to 18 (decreased voter turnout because young people are least likely to vote)

31

Wedge issues

Issues that motivate particular segments of the electorate to vote and on which the opposing candidates has a less popular position

32

Prospective issue voting

Voting based on what a candidate pledges to do

33

Retrospective issue voting

Voting based on what a candidate did in office

34

Provisional ballots

Ballots cast by people not on the voter registration list but who are registered

35

Interest articulation

Way for citizens to express their needs

36

Protest

Spontaneous gathering of outraged ghetto dwellers

37

Anomic groups

Spontaneous groups that form suddenly when many people response similarly to frustration

38

Wildcat strikes

Spontaneous strike actions by local workers, not organized actions by national unions

39

Non-associational groups

Groups that are based on common interests and are not organized; episodic activity

40

Associational group

Group formed explicitly to represent the interests of a particular group

41

Voter turnout in presidential elections was

Highest in the late 1800s

42

Civil Society

A society in which people are involved in social and political interactions free of state control or regulation