Flashcards in Unit 3 Test Deck (78):
Which of the following terms represents the official designation of a person running for office?
The manner in which candidates attempt to effectively use money and media attention in order to achieve the nomination is called
Political spin means
The attempts of handlers to present a favorable account of events
The goal of the nominating game is to win a majority of delegates’ support at which of the following stages of the campaign?
National party convention
Before primaries existed, state parties selected their delegates to the national convention through which of the following processes?
Criticisms of the election process include all of the following EXCEPT
The system allows too little room for media involvement
In order to organize their presidential campaigns effectively, candidates must do all of the following EXCEPT
Announce their choice for Vice President during the primaries
If presidential candidates accept federal support in the form of matching campaign financing, then they
Agree to limit their campaign expenditures to an amount prescribed by the federal government
Presidential candidates must file periodic reports with the Federal Elections Commission, listing who contributed money and how it was spent
Regardless of whether or not they receive matching federal funding
Few developments since the Watergate crisis have generated as much cynicism about government as the
Explosive growth of special interest groups and PAC’s
Which of the following concerns most bothers politicians about the rising costs of campaigning?
They are involved with fundraising, which takes up much of their time
Which of the following campaign financing reforms has been adopted?
Abolishing soft money contributions
Television news coverage of a candidate generally focuses on all of the following EXCEPT
A candidates explanation of a complex policy statement
Four decades of research on political campaigns lead to the following conclusion that
Campaigns mostly reinforce and activate, only rarely do they convert
All fo the following factors tend to weaken a candidate’s chances for election EXCEPT
Raising large amounts of money
Which of the following provides voters the chance to directly approve or disapprove a legislative proposition?
The first time a candidate attempted to effectively use money and media attention in order to achieve name recognition is the
Which of the following reforms took place as a result of the McGovern-Fraser Commission?
The incorporation of minority delegates
All of the following statements about campaign strategy are true EXCEPT
The candidate must campaign in all 50 states
All of the following are functions of political parties EXCEPT
Which of the following is true of the southern states?
They were once loyal to the Democratic Party but now are loyal to the Republican Party
All of the following are true of the party machine EXCEPT
They relied on the merit principle when hiring employees
Which of the following is true of an open primary?
They allow crossover voting
Which of the following is the best definition of realignment?
A major ideological and demographic shift within a party
Which of the following was least likely to join the New Deal coalition?
Obstacles to third parties’ success include all of the following EXCEPT
Inability to get media attention
A two-party system differs from a multiparty system in that it
Encourages moderation in a policymaking and discourages change
Which of the following has led to ticket splitting in recent elections?
The event in which the parties formally nominate their candidate for the presidency is called
The U.S. has a “single member, plurality” system, often referred to as
Which of the following groups is likely to be democratic?
Blue-collar workers and trial lawyers
A citizen’s personal affinity for a political party, which results in the citizen voting for candidates of that political party, is known as party
Which of the following statements about political parties is accurate?
While the democrats and republicans have dominated American politics, they have also seen competition from a wide variety of third parties
Many Americans do not associate with either major political party and instead claim to “vote for the ___ and not the ___”
A superdelegate is
A delegate to the Democratic Party’s national convention that is reserved for an elected party official, whose vote at the convention is not pledged to individual candidates
Even though the U.S. has many more minor political parties, it remains
A two-party system
The political condition in which different political parties control the presidency and the Congress is called
Political party platforms can best be describes as which of the following?
They are intentionally vague
The gradual disengagement of people from the political parities in order to become Independent is known as
The nurturing process though which people learn their knowledge, feelings, and evaluations about the political world is called
Sampling error refers to
The sample not being representative of the population
Which type of poll is most likely to be used by the media to predict the outcome of an election?
Liberals are likely to support all of the following EXCEPT
Prayer in schools
The gender gap refers to the idea that women
Are more likely to vote democratic than men
Which of the following would older Americans be more likely to support than younger Americans?
Protection of social security
Which of the following is the most common form of political participation in the U.S.?
Voting in a presidential election
Which of the following is a random sample?
A selection mechanism that gives each person an equal chance of being selected
Which of the following is true?
Children tend to support the same party as their parents; women hold more liberal attitudes than men
Which of the following are true?
Older Americans are more likely to both than younger Americans; those with higher education are more likely to vote than those with less education
Which of the following is a major weakness of public opinion polls?
It’s difficult to measure the intensity of feelings about issues
Which of the following polls is most likely to help a candidate evaluate the short-term effect of a certain campaign event?
A conservative friend of yours avoids watching MSNBC because she believes it’s a liberal news network. Your friend is engaging in
A system adopted by the states that requires voters to establish their eligibility to vote in order to reduce or eliminate voter fraud is
The best description of public opinion is
The distribution of the population’s belief about politics and policy issues
In general, public opinion
Constrains the actions of the government
Political participation in the government is an essential component of
Voters who characterize themselves as Independents can best be characterized by which of the following descriptions?
They typically have lower voter turnout than a democrat or republican
The degree to which the sample estimated might differ from what the population actually thinks is called the
Most political scientists and political observers asses public opinion primarily through
Which of the following conclusions can be made about voting behavior
Voting is a class-based activity
Which section of the country has the lowest voter turnout
Which class of people has the highest percentage of voter turnout
Which of the following definitions reflects the idea that the victorious party should carry out its proposed agenda
Mandate theory of elections
Which of the following is a major result of media-centered politics
A decrease in voter turnout
Which of the following represents the most effective way for a president to manage news coverage
Controlling the flow of information
All of the following are criticisms aimed at the media EXCEPT
The media’s investigations of politicians usually emphasizes serious issues
Which of the following groups represents the audience the media aims to develop stories for?
All of the following reflect the constitutional basis of suffrage EXCEPT
Term limits on U.S. senators and representatives passed by individual states
All of the following statements best explain why people vote EXCEPT
Which of the following trends most closely reflects the last 40 years of American electoral history
An increase in suffrage opportunities
All of the following conclusions are true about voting behavior EXCEPT
Young people have the highest turnout rate
The Motor Voting Act signed by President Clinton makes it easier than ever to vote. All fo the following provisions accomplish the goals of the acts EXCEPT
It purges people from voter rolls because they didn’t vote in the previous election
In a presidential election, if no candidate receives an electoral college majority
The election is thrown into the House of Representatives
It has been shown in recent elections that during times of economic troubles, the electorate
Tend to vote out incumbents
Which of the following statements is true about the effect of the ethnic groups on voter choice during the presidential elections of the 2000’s
Jews tend to vote democratic
The validity of a poll is best determined by
A sampling error of those polled under 5%
Which of the following represents what media watchers would portray as the benchmark of investigative journalism
The efforts of Woodward and Bernstein in uncovering the Watergate cover-up