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Flashcards in Unit 3 Test Deck (78):
1

Which of the following terms represents the official designation of a person running for office?

Party nomination

2

The manner in which candidates attempt to effectively use money and media attention in order to achieve the nomination is called

Campaign strategy

3

Political spin means

The attempts of handlers to present a favorable account of events

4

The goal of the nominating game is to win a majority of delegates’ support at which of the following stages of the campaign?

National party convention

5

Before primaries existed, state parties selected their delegates to the national convention through which of the following processes?

Caucus

6

Criticisms of the election process include all of the following EXCEPT

The system allows too little room for media involvement

7

In order to organize their presidential campaigns effectively, candidates must do all of the following EXCEPT

Announce their choice for Vice President during the primaries

8

If presidential candidates accept federal support in the form of matching campaign financing, then they

Agree to limit their campaign expenditures to an amount prescribed by the federal government

9

Presidential candidates must file periodic reports with the Federal Elections Commission, listing who contributed money and how it was spent

Regardless of whether or not they receive matching federal funding

10

Few developments since the Watergate crisis have generated as much cynicism about government as the

Explosive growth of special interest groups and PAC’s

11

Which of the following concerns most bothers politicians about the rising costs of campaigning?

They are involved with fundraising, which takes up much of their time

12

Which of the following campaign financing reforms has been adopted?

Abolishing soft money contributions

13

Television news coverage of a candidate generally focuses on all of the following EXCEPT

A candidates explanation of a complex policy statement

14

Four decades of research on political campaigns lead to the following conclusion that

Campaigns mostly reinforce and activate, only rarely do they convert

15

All fo the following factors tend to weaken a candidate’s chances for election EXCEPT

Raising large amounts of money

16

Which of the following provides voters the chance to directly approve or disapprove a legislative proposition?

Referendum

17

The first time a candidate attempted to effectively use money and media attention in order to achieve name recognition is the

Invisible primary

18

Which of the following reforms took place as a result of the McGovern-Fraser Commission?

The incorporation of minority delegates

19

All of the following statements about campaign strategy are true EXCEPT

The candidate must campaign in all 50 states

20

All of the following are functions of political parties EXCEPT

Dictating policies

21

Which of the following is true of the southern states?

They were once loyal to the Democratic Party but now are loyal to the Republican Party

22

All of the following are true of the party machine EXCEPT

They relied on the merit principle when hiring employees

23

Which of the following is true of an open primary?

They allow crossover voting

24

Which of the following is the best definition of realignment?

A major ideological and demographic shift within a party

25

Which of the following was least likely to join the New Deal coalition?

Wealthy voters

26

Obstacles to third parties’ success include all of the following EXCEPT

Inability to get media attention

27

A two-party system differs from a multiparty system in that it

Encourages moderation in a policymaking and discourages change

28

Which of the following has led to ticket splitting in recent elections?

Partisan dealignment

29

The event in which the parties formally nominate their candidate for the presidency is called

National convention

30

The U.S. has a “single member, plurality” system, often referred to as

Winner-take-all

31

Which of the following groups is likely to be democratic?

Blue-collar workers and trial lawyers

32

A citizen’s personal affinity for a political party, which results in the citizen voting for candidates of that political party, is known as party

Identification

33

Which of the following statements about political parties is accurate?

While the democrats and republicans have dominated American politics, they have also seen competition from a wide variety of third parties

34

Many Americans do not associate with either major political party and instead claim to “vote for the ___ and not the ___”

Person; party

35

A superdelegate is

A delegate to the Democratic Party’s national convention that is reserved for an elected party official, whose vote at the convention is not pledged to individual candidates

36

Even though the U.S. has many more minor political parties, it remains

A two-party system

37

The political condition in which different political parties control the presidency and the Congress is called

Divided government

38

Political party platforms can best be describes as which of the following?

They are intentionally vague

39

The gradual disengagement of people from the political parities in order to become Independent is known as

Dealignment

40

The nurturing process though which people learn their knowledge, feelings, and evaluations about the political world is called

Political socialization

41

Sampling error refers to

The sample not being representative of the population

42

Which type of poll is most likely to be used by the media to predict the outcome of an election?

Exit poll

43

Liberals are likely to support all of the following EXCEPT

Prayer in schools

44

The gender gap refers to the idea that women

Are more likely to vote democratic than men

45

Which of the following would older Americans be more likely to support than younger Americans?

Protection of social security

46

Which of the following is the most common form of political participation in the U.S.?

Voting in a presidential election

47

Which of the following is a random sample?

A selection mechanism that gives each person an equal chance of being selected

48

Which of the following is true?

Children tend to support the same party as their parents; women hold more liberal attitudes than men

49

Which of the following are true?

Older Americans are more likely to both than younger Americans; those with higher education are more likely to vote than those with less education

50

Which of the following is a major weakness of public opinion polls?

It’s difficult to measure the intensity of feelings about issues

51

Which of the following polls is most likely to help a candidate evaluate the short-term effect of a certain campaign event?

Tracking poll

52

A conservative friend of yours avoids watching MSNBC because she believes it’s a liberal news network. Your friend is engaging in

Selective exposure

53

A system adopted by the states that requires voters to establish their eligibility to vote in order to reduce or eliminate voter fraud is

Voter registration

54

The best description of public opinion is

The distribution of the population’s belief about politics and policy issues

55

In general, public opinion

Constrains the actions of the government

56

Political participation in the government is an essential component of

Self-government

57

Voters who characterize themselves as Independents can best be characterized by which of the following descriptions?

They typically have lower voter turnout than a democrat or republican

58

The degree to which the sample estimated might differ from what the population actually thinks is called the

Sampling error

59

Most political scientists and political observers asses public opinion primarily through

Polls

60

Which of the following conclusions can be made about voting behavior

Voting is a class-based activity

61

Which section of the country has the lowest voter turnout

The South

62

Which class of people has the highest percentage of voter turnout

Upper class

63

Which of the following definitions reflects the idea that the victorious party should carry out its proposed agenda

Mandate theory of elections

64

Which of the following is a major result of media-centered politics

A decrease in voter turnout

65

Which of the following represents the most effective way for a president to manage news coverage

Controlling the flow of information

66

All of the following are criticisms aimed at the media EXCEPT

The media’s investigations of politicians usually emphasizes serious issues

67

Which of the following groups represents the audience the media aims to develop stories for?

The masses

68

All of the following reflect the constitutional basis of suffrage EXCEPT

Term limits on U.S. senators and representatives passed by individual states

69

All of the following statements best explain why people vote EXCEPT

Political surveys

70

Which of the following trends most closely reflects the last 40 years of American electoral history

An increase in suffrage opportunities

71

All of the following conclusions are true about voting behavior EXCEPT

Young people have the highest turnout rate

72

The Motor Voting Act signed by President Clinton makes it easier than ever to vote. All fo the following provisions accomplish the goals of the acts EXCEPT

It purges people from voter rolls because they didn’t vote in the previous election

73

In a presidential election, if no candidate receives an electoral college majority

The election is thrown into the House of Representatives

74

It has been shown in recent elections that during times of economic troubles, the electorate

Tend to vote out incumbents

75

Which of the following statements is true about the effect of the ethnic groups on voter choice during the presidential elections of the 2000’s

Jews tend to vote democratic

76

The validity of a poll is best determined by

A sampling error of those polled under 5%

77

Which of the following represents what media watchers would portray as the benchmark of investigative journalism

The efforts of Woodward and Bernstein in uncovering the Watergate cover-up

78

Which of the following represents an effect of the passage of the Freedom of Information Act?

More meetings were opened to the public