Unit 3 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 Vocab Deck (45):
1

traditional and widely accepted way of behaving or doing something that is specific to a particular society, place, or time.

custom

2

culture usually practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups

folk culture

3

a settled or regular tendency or practice, especially one that is hard to give up.

habit

4

culture found in a heterogeneous society

popular culture

5

a social or religious custom prohibiting or forbidding discussion of a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing.

taboo

6

the complete natural environment in which a particular wine is produced, including factors such as the soil, topography, and climate.

terroir

7

based on the speech of the upper class of southeastern England and characteristic of the English spoken at the public schools

British received pronunciation

8

mother tongue that originates from a pidgin

creole/creolized language

9

a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group.

dialects

10

American black English regarded as a language in its own right rather than as a dialect of standard English.

ebonics

11

a language that is not learned or spoken

extinct language

12

a form of French using many words and idioms borrowed from English.

Franglais

13

a written character symbolizing the idea of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it, e.g., numerals and Chinese characters.

ideograms

14

a line on a dialect map marking the boundary between linguistic features.

isogloss

15

a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, relative to one region

isolated language

16

A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

language

17

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.

language branch

18

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

language family

19

set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics

language group

20

a common language used by speakers of different languages (ex english)

lingua franca

21

A language that is written as well as spoken

literary tradition

22

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

official language

23

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.

pidgin language

24

Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans.

Spanglish

25

The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.

standard language

26

A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.

vulgar latin

27

the attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena.

animism

28

A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.

autonomous religion

29

A large and fundamental division within a religion.

branch (of a religion)

30

The class of distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.

caste

31

A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.

cosmogony

32

A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.

denomination

33

The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church.

diocese

34

A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.

ethnic religion

35

Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).

Fundamentalism

36

neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.

Ghetto

37

A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.

Hierarchical religion

38

An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.

Missionary

39

The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.

Monotheism

40

A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.

Pagan

41

A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.

Pilgrimage

42

Belief in or worship of more than one god.

Polytheism

43

A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.

Sect

44

Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.

Solstice

45

A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.

Universalizing Religion