Flashcards in Unit 3 Vocab Deck (45):
traditional and widely accepted way of behaving or doing something that is specific to a particular society, place, or time.
culture usually practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
a settled or regular tendency or practice, especially one that is hard to give up.
culture found in a heterogeneous society
a social or religious custom prohibiting or forbidding discussion of a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing.
the complete natural environment in which a particular wine is produced, including factors such as the soil, topography, and climate.
based on the speech of the upper class of southeastern England and characteristic of the English spoken at the public schools
British received pronunciation
mother tongue that originates from a pidgin
a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
American black English regarded as a language in its own right rather than as a dialect of standard English.
a language that is not learned or spoken
a form of French using many words and idioms borrowed from English.
a written character symbolizing the idea of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it, e.g., numerals and Chinese characters.
a line on a dialect map marking the boundary between linguistic features.
a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, relative to one region
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics
a common language used by speakers of different languages (ex english)
A language that is written as well as spoken
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
the attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena.
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
A large and fundamental division within a religion.
branch (of a religion)
The class of distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church.
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.
A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Belief in or worship of more than one god.
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.