Unit 3 (Vocal Music) Flashcards Preview

RCM History 3 > Unit 3 (Vocal Music) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3 (Vocal Music) Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

art song

- the musical setting of a poem
- for solo voice, general with piano accompaniment
- applies to songs in any language

2

Lied (pl. Lieder)

- the musical setting a German poem
- for solo voice, generally with piano accompaniment
- flourished in the 19th century

3

strophic form

- a song structure where the same music is performed for each verse of the poem
- little connection can be achieved between the words and music

4

modified strophic form

- a song structure that allows for some repetition of music
- same changes in the melody, harmony, and accompaniment take place to reflect the text

5

song cycle

- a collection of art songs united by a central theme or narrative thread
- intended to be performed together
- poetic text drawn from same author

6

rondo form

- Classical formal structure often used in sonata cycle
- Section A recurs, with alternating sections creating contrast
- Section A heard 3 times or more in the tonic key
- ABACA or ABACABA

7

aria

- Italian for "air"
- a solo song with orchestral accompaniment heard in an opera, oratorio, or cantata
- highly emotional, often virtuosic
- may have lyrical or dramatic character

8

bel canto

- Italian for " beautiful singing"
- a style used in early 19th-century Italian opera
- demonstrated in the works of Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, and early Verdi
- emphasized purity of tone and lyrical melodies of a highly ornamented nature

9

libretto

- the text of an opera, oratorio, or cantata
- usually written by someone other than the composer

10

recitative

- a speech-like style of singing heard in an opera, oratorio, or cantata
- used for dialogue between characters and to advance the plot
- often used to precede in aria

11

ensemble

- a musical number in an opera featuring any number of soloists, but generally a smaller group than a chorus
- often serves as a musical and dramatic climax
- each person expresses his/her own emotions directly to the audience

12

coloratura soprano

- a female voice with an especially high range
- trained to execute breathtakingly difficult passages with great agility

13

Gesamtkunstwerk

- German for "total art work"
- an ideal expounded by Wagner in his writings
- achieved through the perfect union of text, music, and stagecraft (costumes, scenery, lighting)

14

music drama

- term used by Wagner to describe the synthesis of music and drama
- served to distinguish his operatic style from the "traditional" operas of his day

15

Leitmotif

- German for "leading motif"
- a device perfected by Wagner in his music dramas
- a melodic fragment imbued with meaning, representing a character. place, object, or emotion
- undergoes thematic transformation as the opera unfolds

16

chromatic harmony

- from Greek chroma for "colour"
- liberal use of chords based on noes outside of the key
- frequently involves modulations to distant keys
- used as an expressive device

17

Heldentenor

- German for "heroic tenor"
- a male voice with a high range, possessing incredible strength and stamina
- associated specifically with Wagner's operas