Unit 301 - Health & Safety Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 301 - Health & Safety Deck (38):
1

The governing body related to safe working practices and safety at work

Health and Safety at Work Act 1974

2

The regulating body for health and safety protection in the workplace

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999

3

A ______ is a legal requirement for all employers with 5 or more employees

Risk assessment

4

A red (water) fire extinguisher is used for...

all fires, except for electrical

5

A black (carbon dioxide) fire extinguisher is used for...

all fires

6

A blue (dry powder) fire extinguisher is used for...

all fires

7

COSHH stands for...

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health

8

A legal requirement for employers whereby all chemicals and potentially hazardous substances in the workplace are assessed for risk of injury to staff

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)

9

Products marked as 'toxic' can

cause damage to health at low levels (eg. mercury is toxic by inhalation)

10

Products marked as 'harmful' can

cause damage to health (eg. some disinfectants and adhesives are harmful by inhalation)

11

Products marked as 'corrosive' may

destroy living tissue on contact (eg. acid etchant causes burns in contact with skin)

12

Products marked as 'irritant' may

cause inflammation to skin and/or eyes, nose and throat (eg. some disinfectants and x-ray developers)

13

Three products in relation to the dental workplace that have special mentions in relation to COSHH are

mercury, acid etchant and bleach (and other disinfectants)

14

____ is a liquid metal that is mixed with various metal powders to form amalgam

mercury

15

mercury can be inhaled by

toxic vapours released from uncovered sources at room temperature and above, they are colourless and odourless

16

mercury can be absorbed into the skin and lodged in

the kidneys

17

mercury can be ingested by

contaminated food and drink, taking it into the digestive system and eventually being lodged in the kidneys

18

waste amalgam should be stored

away from heat sources in sealed containers

19

traces of amalgam must be removed from instruments before sterilising because

toxic fumes will be released from the autoclave when it heats up

20

mercury spillages must be

reported to senior staff and recorded in the accident book

21

if a small mercury spillage occurs

wear PPE, clean up small pieces with a plastic syringe or dedicated bulb aspirator, put into waste container

22

if a large mercury spillage occurs

wear PPE, open windows to ventilate area, inform senior staff, use mercury spillage kit

23

when using the mercury spillage kit, the two powders that are mixed with water to make a paste are

flowers of sulphur and calcium hydroxide

24

which dental material is 33% phosphoric acid?

acid etchant

25

sodium hypochlorite is also known as

bleach

26

non-metallic and non-fabric surfaces should be cleaned with

10% bleach solution

27

dental impressions and lab worked should be disinfected with

10% bleach solution

28

blood spillages should be cleaned with

50% bleach solution

29

RIDDOR stands for

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations

30

the three main types of waste are

non-hazardous, hazardous and special waste

31

examples of non-hazardous waste

normal household waste, paper

32

examples of hazardous waste

sharps, contaminated with bodily fluids, extracted teeth that do not contain amalgam

33

examples of special waste

amalgam, radiograph fixer and developer solutions, lead foil from radiograph films, partially used local anaesthetic cartridges, out of date emergency drugs

34

what to do if you get a dirty sharps injury

squeeze the wound to encourage bleeding, wash under warm running water whilst encouraging bleeding, dry and dress wound with waterproof dressing, check patient's medical history, attend occupational health immediately, record in accident book and if casualty has contracted infection notify Health and Safety in accordance with RIDDOR

35

Environmental Protection Act 1990 states

that the duty of care is on the dentist to store hazardous waste safely and securely and to arrange for its correct disposal by incineration

36

Environmental Protection Regulations 1991 states

the collector of waste must have certification and supply transfer notes which are kept for two years

37

Carriage of Dangerous Goods Regulations 1996 (updated from 1 January 2002) states

that yellow/orange sacks must be stored and transported in United Nations approved, rigid containers and sharps boxes must comply with standards

38

Radiographic developer and fixer may be disposed of via the sewers

with written permission from the relevant water company