Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (49):
1

N-Butyl-Skeletal-SVG.svg

Butyl

2

Sec-Butyl-Skeletal-SVG.svg

Sec butyl

3

Isobutyl-Skeletal-SVG.svg

Isobutyl

4

Tert-Butyl-Skeletal-SVG.svg

Tertbutyl

5

 

Propyl

6

Isopropyl

7

-----Cl

 

Chloro

8

------CN

 

Cyano

9

-------OH

Hydroxy

10

-------SH

 

Mercapto

11

---------NO2

 

Nitro

12

---------F

Fluoro

13

---------Br

Bromo

14

---------NH2

Amino

15

------I

Iodo

16

Phenyl

17

Skeletal formula detail of benzene

Benzene

18

Toluol.svg

Toluene

19

Skeletal formula and numbering system of naphthalene

Naphthalene

20

Aniline

Aniline

21

Skeletal formula

Benzoic acid

22

Potassium benzoate.png

Benzoate

23

Two carbon carbonyl

Acet-

24

One carbon carbonyl

Form-

25

Skeletal formula

Benzamide

26

Skeletal (structural) formula

Benzaldehyde

27

Phenol2.svg

Phenol

28

C-----OH

Alcohol

-ol

29

C--------SH

Thiol

 

-thiol

30

------O-------

Ether

 

alkoxy- group attached to parent chain

31

 

-------N-------
 

Amine

-amine

32

Aldehyde

-al

33

Ketone

-one

34

Carboxylic acid

-oic acid

35

Ester

-oate

36

N-----C===O

      

 

Amide

 

-amide

37

Naming Thiol

IUPAC/Common

IUPAC: Add th ename thiol to the longest alkane chain

No common name

 

2 - methyl 1 - propanethiol

38

Naming Ether

IUPAC/Common name

IUPAC: the shorter alkyl group and the oxygen are named as an alkoxy group attached to the longer alkane.

Common: Name both alkyl group attached to the oxygen followed by the word ether.

 

Methyl propyl ether  /  1 - methoxy propane

39

Naming Aldehydes

IUPAC/ Common name

IUPAC: Change the “e” ending of the longest alkane chain to “al” . No numbering

Common name: formaldehyde and acetaldehyde

 

Methanal    Formaldehyde

40

Naming Ketone

IUPAC/Common name

IUPAC: Change the “e” ending of the longest alkane chain to “ one ”

Common name: both alkyl groups attached to the oxygen followed by the word ketone. It is very similar to ether

 

2 - pentanone   /   methyl propyl ketone

41

Naming carboxylic acid

IUPAC/Common name

IUPAC: Find the l ongest chain containing the carboxyl group, and change the “ - e ” ending of the parent alkane to “ - oic acid ”.

Common name: formic acid and acetic acid

Methanoic acid  /   Formic acid

42

Naming Easters

IUPAC/Common name

IUPAC : Two name part. Name the group bonded to the oxygen atom as an alkyl group Name the group bonded to the C double O ( C=O) by changing the “ - ic acid” ending of the parent carboxylic acid to the suffix “ - ate”.

Common name: formate (methanoate) and acetate (ethanoate)

Methyl methanoate     /     Methyl Formate

43

Esterification

 

Carboxylic acid + alcohol → ester + H2O

44

Oxidation

Loss Of Hydrogen

Gain Of Oxygen

 

45

Oxidation/Reduction of primary alcohols

 

Alkane → Primary Alcohol → Aldehyde → Carboxylic Acid

46

Carbon oxygen single bonds

1. Alcohols

2. Phenols

3. Ethers

47

Solubility of Aldehydes and ketones

1-4 carbons=soluble in water

48

Oxidation of secondary alcohols

Alkene → Secondary Alcohol → Ketone

49

Amidation

Carboxylic Acid + NH3/NH2/NH →    NH—C=O (Amide) + H2O