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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (98):
1

Three layers that make up the structure of the skin

Epidermis, Dermis, Subcutaneous

2

Outermost layer of skin, no blood vessels, relies on lower layers for nourishment

epidermis (lit. above the dermis)

3

skin layer that lines the outside of internal organs

epidermis

4

melanocytes

cells that give the skin its colour (because of melanin)

5

keratin

makes skin tough, waterproof, and resistant to infection

6

layer of skin directly below the epidermis

dermis

7

dermis is made up of:

skin layer composed of blood and lymph vessels, nerve fibres, and the accessory organs of the skin

8

fibroblasts

cells that allow the dermis to be strong

9

macrophages

cells that destroy bacteria in the dermis

10

mast cells and plasma cells

cells that act against foreign bodies in the dermis

11

subcutaneous tissue

layer of connective tissue, not really part of the skin

12

skin layer that insulates internal body parts

subcutaneous tissue

13

hair follicles

shafts or sacs that hold the hair fibre

14

seb/o

sebaceous gland (secretes an oily substance known as sebum, which lubricates the skin and discourages the growth of bacteria)

15

hidr/o

sweat gland, also known as "sudoriferous" gland

16

function of sweat

allows the body to get rid of extra water, and regulate temperature

17

albin/o

white

18

adip/o

fat

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lip/o

fat

20

steat/o

fat

21

bi/o

life

22

cry/o

cold

23

cyan/o

blue

24

derm/o

skin

25

dermat/o

skin

26

cutane/o

skin

27

diaphor/e

profuse sweating

28

epitheli/o

covering

29

erythemat/o

red, redness

30

erythr/o

red, redness

31

erythem/o

red, redness

32

hist/o

tissue

33

histi/o

tissue

34

kerat/o

hard, hornlike

35

keratin/o

hard, hornlike

36

leuk/o

white

37

melan/o

black

38

myc/o

fungus

39

necr/o

death

40

onych/o

nail

41

ungu/o

nail

42

pil/o -/i

hair

43

py/o

pus

44

vascul/o

vessel

45

epi-

upon, above, on

46

-derma

skin

47

-oma

tumor, mass

48

-phagia

eating

49

-therapy

treatment

50

albanism

absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. Appear very white.

51

adipose

pertaining to fat

52

lipoma

tumor or mass containing fat

53

skin biopsy

removal of skin for microscopic examination (lit. life + to view)

54

cyanotic

pertaining to a bluish discolouration of the skin

55

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

56

dermatology

the study of the skin and its diseases

57

hypodermic

pertaining to below the skin

58

subcutaneous

pertaining to under the skin

59

diaphoresis

condition where there is profuse sweating

60

epithelial

pertaining to the epithelium

61

epithelium

structure made up of epithelial cells (lit. covering + structure)

62

erythema

red discolouration of the skin

63

erythematous

pertaining to a redness of the skin

64

anhidrosis

abnormal condition where there is a lack of sweat

65

hyperhidrosis

condition of excessive sweating

66

hyperkeratosis

excessive growth of the horny layer of the skin

67

leukoderma

lack of pigment in the skin that shows up as white patches

68

melanocyte

cell that produces melanin

69

necrotic

pertaining to death (of tissue)

70

onychomycosis

fungal infection of the nail (-osis; onych/o; myc/o)

71

periungual

pertaining to around the nail

72

pilosebaceous

pertaining to the hair follicles and the sebaceous glands

73

pyoderma

any pus producing disease of the skin

74

pyogenic

pus producing

75

seborrhea

increased discharge of sebum from the sebaceous glands

76

avascular

pertaining to the lack of blood vessels

77

adenoma

tumor of a gland

78

carcinoma

malignant/cancerous tumor

79

melanoma

a malignant black mole or tumor (a tumor composed of melanin-pigmented cells)

80

cryotherapy

treatment that involves the use of cold as its basis

81

acne

an inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles; pimples

82

alopecia

loss of hair; baldness

83

burn

injury to tissue caused by heat, fire, lightning or radiation. Classified according to degree or depth of skin damage

84

carbuncle

boil

85

cicatrix

scar

86

comedo

blackhead

87

decubitus ulcer

a bed sore

88

exudate

production of pus or sebum

89

herpes simplex

cold sore

90

urticaria

hives

91

nevus

mole

92

pruritus

sever itching

93

tinea

ringworm

94

verruca

wart

95

FUO (abbr.)

fever of unknown origin

96

Hx (abbr.)

history

97

SLE (abbr.)

systemic lupus erythematosis

98

Ung (abbr.)

ointment