strádání; tíseň ** n U /dɪˈstres/ a feeling that you have when you are very unhappy, worried, or upset I wouldn’t want to cause her any distress.
poskytnout; připustit *** v /ɡrɑːnt/ to allow someone to have or do what they want Irish nationalists urged the British government to grant an amnesty to all political prisoners.
kapacita; způsobilost *** n C / U /kəˈpæsəti/ the ability to do something Harry had a tremendous capacity for work.
otevřenost; upřímnost * n U /ˈəʊpənnəs/ an honest way of talking or behaving in which you do not try to hide anything The judge praised him for his honesty and openness.
dychtivý; úzkostlivý; naplněný obavami ** adj /ˈæŋkʃəs/ worried because you think something bad might happen His silence made me anxious.
hlavní, ústřední *** adj /ˈprɪnsəp(ə)l/ main, or most important The principal aim of the project is to provide an answer to this question.
zastat se někoho v /stænd ˈʌp fɔː(r)/ to defend someone or something that is being criticized or attacked You’ve got to stand up for what you believe in.
stand up for
masový; hromadný ** adj /mæs/ involving or affecting a large number of people The government is trying to solve the problem of mass unemployment.
volný; svobodný *** adj /friː/ not a prisoner or a slave He will soon be a free man again.
náchylný k * adj /ˈprəʊn ˌtuː/ likely to do something or be affected by something, especially something bad The coastal region is prone to earthquakes.
statečnost; odvaha n U /ˈbreɪvəri/ brave behaviour She showed bravery in the face of danger.
bez domova * adj /ˈhəʊmləs/ without a place to live The government runs hostels for young homeless people.
opatrný * adj /ˈkɔːʃəs/ careful to avoid problems or danger Perhaps a more cautious approach would bring better results.
osvobodit v /ˈlɪbəreɪt/ to give someone the freedom to do what they want, for example by taking them out of a situation in which their behaviour is controlled People thought technology had the power to liberate them from hard work.
plachý; bojácný adj /ˈtɪmɪd/ shy and nervous She gave me a timid smile.
tesák, zub n C /fæŋ/ one of the long pointed teeth that some animals have, for example snakes, dogs, and tigers The snake bared its fangs.
postupný * adj /ˈɡrædʒuəl/ gradual processes and changes happen slowly and by small amounts Scientists have observed a gradual change in the climate.
polknout; polykat ** v /ˈswɒləʊ/ to make food or drink go from your mouth down through your throat and into your stomach She quickly swallowed the rest of her coffee.
nemající rozum; neracionální * adj /ʌnˈriːz(ə)nəb(ə)l/ not sensible She has an unreasonable fear of spiders.
rovnost ** n U /ɪˈkwɒləti/ the state of being equal, especially in having the same rights, status, and opportunities The Party is committed to sexual and racial equality.
spoušť ** v /ˈtrɪɡə(r)/ to cause someone to have a particular feeling or memory People with a phobia often have an object that triggers their fears.
zvěd; průzkumník * n C /skaʊt/ a boy or girl who is a member of the Scouts, an organization that encourages boys and girls to learn practical skills and help other people The proceeds all go to good causes – the boy and girl scouts, the Red Cross, the homeless.
chod (jídla) *** n C /kɔː(r)s/ one of the parts of a meal I had prawns, followed by steak for my main course.
jiskra, jiskřit, podnítit * v /spɑː(r)k/ to make something happen, especially something involving violence or angry feelings The protests were sparked by the firing of two restaurant employees.
akronym n C /ˈækrənɪm/ an abbreviation consisting of letters that form a word. For example, NATO is an acronym for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It's a very memorable acronym.
smažený adj /ˌdiːpˈfraɪd/ cooked in a lot of hot oil I love deep-fried onions.
reverend, pastor, farář n C /ˈrev(ə)rənd/ a title used for some Christian priests and ministers That's the Reverend Francis Keenan.
těžký (úraz) *** adj /sɪˈvɪə(r)/ a severe pain, injury, or illness is one which is serious and unpleasant They suffer severe panic attacks.
převrátit v /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈtɜː(r)n/ to say officially that something such as a decision or law is wrong and change it The appeal court refused to overturn the lower court’s decision.
propustění z práce; strčení do pytle n C /ˈsækɪŋ/ rattlesnake sacking is a sport in which people try to get live rattlesnakes into a sack without being injured Later in the programme, we’ll visit the Rattlesnake Sacking Championships.