Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (91):
1

abdomen

belly area, cavity below the thorax

2

abdominocentesis

surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid

3

abduction

movement away from the midline/body

4

aberrant

wandering form normal location, process, behavior

5

abnormal

deviating from the average or expected

6

addiction

habitual attraction, may include physical dependence

7

adhesions

tissues grown together that are normally separate

8

amniocentesis

surgical puncture of the amnion to obtain cells for testing

9

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

10

arthroplasty

surgical repair or reconstruction of a joint

11

arthroscope

instrument used to look into a joint

12

arthroscopy

process of using an arthroscope to examine a joint

13

arthrotomy

incision into a joint

14

bursa

serous sac between a tendon and bone

15

bursectomy

excision of serous sac between tendon and bone

16

bursitis

inflammation of serous sac between tendon and bone

17

cardiocentesis

surgical puncture of the heart to remove fluid

18

chondralgia / chondrodynia

cartilage pain

19

chondrectomy

excision of cartilage

20

chondrocostal / costochondral

pertaining to cartilage and rib

21

costectomy

excision of a rib

22

cystocele

herniation of the urinary bladder

23

cystoplasty

surgical repair of the urinary bladder

24

cystoscopy

process of examining the bladder using a scope

25

cystotomy

incision into the urinary bladder

26

dentalgia

tooth pain

27

dentist

specialist in care of teeth

28

dentoid

resembling a tooth

29

dysplasia

poor or defective development

30

etiology

study of the origin of a disease

31

fascia

tissue that connects muscle to muscle

32

fracture

break or crack

33

hydrocele

herniation of sac containing water

34

hydrocephalus

fluid in the skull

35

hydrocyst

fluid-filled sac

36

hydrophobia

abnormal fear of water

37

hydrotherapy

therapy using water

38

hyperplasia

abnormally increased development referring to quantity of cells

39

interchondral

pertaining to between the cartilage

40

intercostal

pertaining to between the ribs

41

interdental

pertaining to between the teeth

42

kyphosis

hunchback

43

ligament

tissue that connects bone to bone and supports visceral organs

44

lumbar

pertaining to the lower back, between the thorax and sacrum

45

meniscitis

inflammation of meniscus

46

meniscectomy

excision of the meniscus of the knee

47

myelocytes

bone marrow cells

48

myelodysplasia

defective development of the bone marrow or spinal cord

49

orthodontics

dental practice of straightening teeth

50

orthodontist

dentist specializing in straightening teeth

51

orthopedist

physician specialist in treatment of skeletal and joint disorders

52

orthotics

pertaining to appliances used to support muscoloskeletal system

53

orthotist

specialist who develops and assists patients with orthotics

54

osteitis

inflammation of bone

55

osteoarthritis

inflammation of bone and joint

56

osteoarthropathy

disease of bone and joint

57

osteochondritis

inflammation of bone and cartilage

58

osteoma

bone tumor

59

osteomalacia

softening of the bone

60

osteomyelitis

inflammation of the bone and bone marrow

61

osteopathic

pertaining to bone disease

62

osteopathy

disease of bones

63

osteopenia

loss of bone

64

osteoporosis

porous condition of the bone due to deterioration of bone matrix

65

osteosarcoma

cancer of bone

66

pelvis

the bony structure including the ilium, ischium, pubis, sacrum, and coccyx

67

pericardium

around the heart (membrane)

68

perichondrium

around the cartilage (membrane)

69

periodontal

around the tooth

70

periodontist

dentist specializing in treatment of diseased tissue around the teeth

71

periosteum

around the bone (membrane)

72

poliomyelitis

inflammation of gray matter of the spinal cord

73

prosthesis

artificial limb or other body part replacement

74

prosthetics

pertaining to prostheses

75

prosthetist

specialist who develops and assists patients with prostheses

76

pubic

pertaining to the pubis, bone in the lower anterior pelvis

77

rheumatology

study of rhematic disease

78

supracostal

above the ribs

79

supracranial

above or on top of the skull

80

supralumbar

above the lower back/lumbar spine

81

suprapubic

above the pubis

82

tenalgia, tenodynia

tendon pain

83

tendinitis

inflammation of the tendon

84

tendon

tissue that connects muscle to bone

85

tendinoplasty, tenoplasty, tendoplasty

surgical repair of a tendon

86

thoracocentesis, thoracentesis

surgical puncture of the thorax to remove fluid

87

thoracolumbar

pertaining to the chest and lower spine

88

thoracometer

instrument used to measure the chest

89

thoracopathy

disease of the chest

90

thoracotomy

incision into the chest or mid back

91

thorax

chest, area of the back posterior to the chest