Unit 4-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4-5 Deck (15):
1

Latin: "let the precedent (decision) stand" the doctrine that a court should follow the previous decisions of other courts on cases in which the facts are substantially the same

Stare decisis

2

The body of unwritten law developed in England from judicial decisions based on custom and earlier judicial decisions

Common law

3

The great charter. Granted certain civil rights and liberties to English nobles and to all "freemen" such as the right to a jury of ones peers and guarantee against loss of life liberty or property except in accordance with law

Magna Carta

4

Previous court decisions upon which legal issues are decided

Precedent

5

The correction of complaints. The first amendment protects the right of the people to petition government to obtain remedies for claimed wrongs

Redress of grievances

6

Term prevalent in seventeenth century England and America referring to certain historically established rights, beginning with the rights of the Magna Carta, that all English subjects were understood to have

Rights of englishmen

7

The principle that both those who govern and those who are governed must obey the law and are subject to the same laws

Rule of law

8

Latin: "you shall/ should have the body" a court order directing that a prisoner be brought to court before a judge to determine whether that prisoners detention is lawful

Writ of habeas corpus

9

A written document from a government or ruler that grants certain rights to an individual, group, organization or to people in general

Charter

10

A person represented by an elected official

Constituent

11

A binding agreement made by two or more persons or parties. In Protestant churches during the reformation, it was an agreement made in the sight of god

Covenant

12

A person who voluntarily sold his or her labor for a set period of time in return for the cost of passage to the American colonies

Indentured servant

13

A lower level judicial officer usually elected in urban areas who handles traffic violations minor criminal offenses and civil suits involving small amounts of money.

Magistrate

14

An agreement to form a political body signed on November 21, 1620by all adult males aboard the Mayflower before the ship landed in Plymouth Massachusetts

Mayflower compact

15

The right to vote

Suffrage