Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab2 > Unit 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (50):
1

sinew

n. vigorous strength; muscular power 活力/力量

2

calibrate

vt. to check, adjust, or determine by comparison with a standard (the graduations of a quantitative measuring instrument) 校准/调校

3

ceremonious

adj. marked by or showing careful attention to set forms and details 讲究礼节的/庄重的

4

turpitude

n. inherent baseness: depravity 卑鄙

5

damper

n. one that deadens, restrains, or depresses 抑制因素

6

splutter

vi. to speak hastily and incoherently, as when confused or angry 急切而不清楚地说

7

burnish

v. to make smooth or glossy usually by repeatedly applying surface pressure 擦亮/磨光

8

coop

vt. to confine in a restricted and often crowded area 监禁/困于。。之中

9

gambol

vi. to leap about playfully 欢跳/雀跃

10

grate

v. to make a rasping sound 刮擦(以发出刺耳的声音)
v. to irritate or annoy persistently 骚扰/惹恼

11

whiff

n. a quick puff or slight gust especially of air, odor, gas, smoke, or spray 微风
n. an almost imperceptible sign of something 细微的信号/轻微痕迹

12

humdrum

n. a tedious lack of variety 千篇一律/单调
adj. lacking variety or excitement 无聊的/乏味的

13

prod

vt. to try to persuade (someone) through earnest appeals to follow a course of action

14

languor

n. physical or mental inertness 懒惰
n. weakness or weariness of body or mind 衰弱

15

willy-nilly

adv. whether desired or not 不论是否愿意地
adj. without order or plan 无秩序的/随意的

16

moratorium

n. a suspension of activity 延期/暂缓施行

17

prairie

n. an extensive area of flat or rolling, predominantly treeless grassland 大草原

18

anaesthetic

n. something (as a drug) that relieves pain 止痛剂
adj. lacking awareness or sensitivity 无感觉的/麻木的

19

pallid

adj. lacking in radiance or vitality; dull 无生气的/缺乏活力的
adj. having an abnormally pale or wan complexion 苍白无血色的

20

atrophy

vi. to waste away; wither or deteriorate 萎缩/衰退

21

sublime

adj. of high spiritual, moral, or intellectual worth 崇高的/庄严的
adj. tending to inspire awe usually because of elevated quality (as of beauty, nobility, or grandeur) or transcendent excellence (因为杰出,尊贵,美丽等而)令人惊叹的

22

elliptical

adj. of or relating to deliberate obscurity (as of literary or conversational style) 含糊不清地
adj. of, relating to, or shaped like an ellipse 椭圆的

23

mirth

n. gladness or gaiety as shown by or accompanied with laughter 欢乐/欢笑

24

droll

adj. amusingly odd or whimsically comical 古怪有趣的/离奇可笑的

25

promulgate

vt. to make known openly or publicly 正式宣布

26

axiomatic

adj. based on or involving an axiom or system of axioms 公理的
adj. taken for granted, self-evident 不言自明的

27

diocesan

adj. of or relating to a diocese 主教管辖区的

28

extraneous

adj. having no relevance 无关的
adj. not forming an essential or vital part 非主要因素的

29

garble

vt. to mix up or distort to such an extent as to make misleading or incomprehensible 曲解/篡改/混淆
v. to remove usually visible impurities from 筛选/除杂

30

careen

vi. to lurch or swerve while in motion 蹒跚而行/不稳的行走
vi. to rush headlong or carelessly 狂奔/快速运动

31

potentate

n. one who has the power and position to rule over others 有权势的人

32

subterfuge

n. deception by artifice or stratagem in order to conceal, escape, or evade 诡计

33

roisterer

n. one who engages in merrymaking especially in honor of a special occasion 喝酒喧闹的人

34

inculpate

vt. incriminate 归罪于

35

foreground

vt. to indicate the importance of by centering attention on 强调/重视

36

apostasy

n. renunciation of a religious faith 放弃宗教信仰
n. abandonment of a previous loyalty: defection 变节/背叛

37

supplicate

v. to make a request to (someone) in an earnest or urgent manner 恳求/乞求

38

ennui

n. listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest 倦怠/缺乏兴趣

39

jettison

vt. to get rid of as superfluous or encumbering; omit or forgo as part of a plan or as the result of some other decision 放弃/拒绝接受(想法,计划等)

40

cameo

n. a brief, vivid portrayal or depiction 栩栩如生的描绘/简洁生动的描述或刻画
v. to make a brief but dramatic appearance, as in a film 客串

41

hive

n. a place swarming with activity 忙碌之地
v. to store up; accumulate 储备/积累

42

obliging

adj. willing to do favors 乐于助人的

43

pundit

n. a person who gives opinions in an authoritative manner usually through the mass media 权威人士/专家

44

discommode

vt. t cause inconvenience to: trouble 打扰/使不便

45

faze

vt. to disturb the composure of: disconcert, dismay 打扰/使尴尬

46

amenity

n. something that conduces to comfort, convenience, or enjoyment (环境,设备等的)舒适,人性化
n. the quality of being pleasant or agreeable 融洽/和谐

47

undergird

vt. to support or strengthen from beneath 加强/巩固。。底部

48

mellifluous

adj. smooth and sweet (曲调)优美的

49

squall

n. a brief, sudden, violent windstorm, often accompanied by rain or snow (通常伴随着雨或雪的)风暴,暴风雪,暴风雨
v. to scream or cry loudly and harshly 尖叫

50

dike

n. a bank usually of earth constructed to control or confine water 堤坝/水坝
n. a long narrow channel dug in the earth 水沟/水渠