Unit 4 part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 part 3 Deck (19)
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1

The temporomandibular joint is what type of joint?

synovial

2

What are some tx. options for TMD?

anti-inflammatory drugs
arthroscopic surgery
muscle relaxants
night guards

3

What is the term for a small jaw?

micrognathia

4

What is the etiology of micrognathia?

trauma to condylar growth center

5

What is the term for a large jaw?

prognathia

6

What is the most common sign of micrognathia?

clicking or popping of joint

7

What is the difference between subluxation and dislocation?

someone else has to fix a dislocation

8

What is the cause of subluxation?

hyper mobility of joint

9

How would you fix a dislocated jaw?

push down and back

10

An external force is the cause of a ______ jaw?

sprained

11

What is the number 1 area for the Mandible to break?

subcondylar region
(then angle, then body)

12

What systemic disease affecting the MX bone can change the shape of the head of the condyle?

Padgets Disease (swelling of MX bone)

13

What is another name for Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Tic Douloureux

14

What is the tx. for Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Microvascular decompression surgery

15

What is the most common cause of Tic Douloureux?

Compression of Trigeminal (V Nerve) by another artery or vein

16

Tic Douloureux is manifested by _____, _____ pain in the face often precipitated by touch a ______ _______

transient
unilateral
trigger zone

17

Bells Palsy affects cranial nerve number?

VII (facial)

18

What is the etiology of Bells Palsy?

unknown
(virus, tumor, pregnancy)

19

Bells Palsy usually fixes itself after ____ time frame?

3 mo
(can last forever though)