Unit 4: Part 5 & 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4: Part 5 & 6 Deck (20):
1

New Religious Orders that Emerged during Catholic Reformation

-Called the "Golden Age of Spirituality"
1. Jesuits
2. Mystics

2

Jesuit Spirituality

-Christ-centered
-Discerning
-Apostolic
-Generous
-Fraternal
-Spiritual Integration

3

Christ Centered

-Ever-deepening relationship with Jesus in all aspects of life

4

Apostolic

-Service in collaboration with God for the well-being of others

5

Discerning

-Choosing options that support and collaborate with God's actions in the world

6

Generous

-Offering fairness and charity in response to others

7

Fraternal

-Companionship in service

8

Spiritual Integration

-Finding God in all things

9

Saint Teresa of Avila and the Carmelites

-Young call
-Established own convent--> Based on simplicity and poverty
-Discalced Carmelites---> "Without shoes"

10

Mystic

-Person who regularly has an intense experience of the presence and power of God, resulting in a deep sense of union with him
-Wrote about experience in The Interior Castle
-Doctor of the Church for contributions in explaining Christian life

11

Syncretism

-The blending of cultures in order to convert a group of people

12

Enculturation

-Becoming familiar with someone elses culture when traveling

13

Parts of the Catholic Reformation

1. Council of Trent
2. Catholic Spirituality
a. New Religious Orders
b. Renewed spiritual life among Catholics

14

Age of Exploration

-15-17th century
-Developments in technology an science

15

Purpose of Exploration

-Search for riches and new colonies
-Cultivate growing wealth and influence in foreign lands
-Evangelize natives and lead them to salvation
-Jesuit, Dominicans, and Franciscans to bring Good News

16

Explorers vs. Conquerors

-1500s- Spaniards arrive in Mexico and South America
-Conquistadors: "Conquerors," Spanish soldiers who brought much of the Americas under Spanish rule

17

What happened to natives whose areas were conquered

-Massacred
-Enslaved
-Victims to disease
-Fallen empires
-Subject to colonial rule

18

Hernando Cortez

-Penetrated the land
-Search for gold
-Viewed natives as dispensable and savages that needed to be civilized
-Did so for the glory of God (people will think the same thing)

19

Bartolome de las Casas

-Defending & advocating for the Native Americans
-Viewed the natives as peaceful, humble, pure
-Wanted to end encomienda (slavery)
-"You will win over many more converts to Christ if you treat them with respect and dignity"

20

Saint Martin de Porres & Saint Rose of Lima

-Dominicans who experiences cruel treatment and wanted to help