unit 4 quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

anatomy > unit 4 quiz 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in unit 4 quiz 1 Deck (18):
0

what what are the functions of the skeletal system?

support,protection,movement,storage of minerals,production of red blood cells, and energy storage

1

support (bones)

the bones help support and give points of attachment for tissues, muscles, and ligaments in the body

2

protection (bones)

protects soft and delicate internal organs

3

movement (bones)
ex.

the freely movable joints are divided into four groups, ex ball and socket

4

storage of minerals (bones)
ex of mineral

minerals like calcium are stoed in bones till they need to be distributed in different parts of the body
-ex of mineral is calcium

5

production of red blood cells (bones)

red blood cells are produced in the red marrow of bones

6

energy storage (boes)

the yellow marrow in bones have adipose cells---these adipose cells are fat cells ---very important source of energy

7

what are long bones?
exples?

long bones have an elongated shaft and two expanded ends on the sides of the shaft
ex. femur and fibula

8

what are short bones?
ex?

short bones are short in posture and can be any shape
ex. cuboid

9

what are flat bvones?
exples?

flat bones are flat and have two prominent surfaces
ex. scapula and ribs

10

what are irrgualr bones?
exples?

irregular bones have itrregaulr shapes---do not fit into any category of shape
ex. vertebrae and hip bone

11

function of artciular cartledge?

the plate serves as a joint surface for bone

12

what is compact bone?

dense bone tissue composed of osteons

13

function of compact bone?

resists pressure and protects spongy tissue

14

function of diaphysis?

begins endichral ossification

15

function of endosteum?

provides nutrients to osseous tissue and provides a supply of osteoblasts for repair and growth

16

medullary cavity:

the space in the interior diaphysis of a long bone which has no spongy bone

17

function of diaphysis

Begins endrichral ossification