Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (216):
1

sculpture

socha; sochařství ** n C /ˈskʌlptʃə(r)/ a solid object that someone makes as a work of art by shaping a substance such as stone, metal, or wood Works to be shown include sculptures by Houdon and Carpeaux.

2

regime

vláda, režim, vládnutí ** n C /reɪˈʒiːm/ a program of medical treatment, exercise, or special food for improving your health or appearance As part of the regime, Oprah had to learn five new words every day.

3

retire

odejít do důchodu; ukončit kariéru ** v /rɪˈtaɪə(r)/ to stop working, especially when you reach the age when you are officially too old to work The managing director is going to retire next year.

4

put forward

přednést; předložit   v /ˌpʊt ˈfɔː(r)wə(r)d/ to offer an idea, opinion, reason, etc, especially so that people can discuss it and make a decision Oprah put forward a book which she had read and enjoyed and discussed it on the programme.

5

patron

patron; ochránce * n C /ˈpeɪtrən/ someone who supports the work of writers, artists, musicians etc, especially by giving them money He was an enthusiastic patron of the arts.

6

stain

skvrna * n C /steɪn/ a mark left accidentally on clothes or surfaces The place was absolutely awful, coffee stains on the carpets, broken-down vending machines everywhere, no redeeming features at all.

7

craze

mánie; posedlost; velká móda   n C /kreɪz/ something that suddenly becomes very popular, but for only a short time The band is very popular at the moment because of the craze for Irish music.

8

skull

lebka ** n C /skʌl/ the bones of the head His skull was fractured in the accident.

9

pill

pilulka; tableta; prášek * n C /pɪl/ a small piece of solid medicine that you swallow with water I take a vitamin pill every morning.

10

charm

půvab; kouzlo ** n U /tʃɑː(r)m/ the quality of being pleasant or attractive It has a certain charm.

11

nominate

nominovat; navrhnout * v /ˈnɒmɪneɪt/ to officially suggest that someone should be given a job, or that someone or something should receive a prize Anyone can nominate a team for an award.

12

have an affair

mít poměr   phr /ˌhæv ən əˈfeə(r)/ to have a sexual relationship with someone, especially when you are married to someone else Both of them had affairs with other people.

13

dealer

obchodník, prodejce *** n C  /ˈdiːlə(r)/ a person or company that buys and sells a particular product The company is one of the largest New York art dealers.

14

come up with

přijít s (řešením)   phr /kʌm ˈʌp wɪð/ to think of something such as an idea or a plan Is that the best you can come up with?

15

vending machine

prodejní automat   n C /ˈvendɪŋ məˌʃiːn/ a machine that you can buy things from, for example cigarettes, sweets, or drinks The vending machine swallowed my last pound coin.

16

melt

rozpustit (se); roztát ** v /melt/ to change a solid substance into a liquid Melt the butter in a small saucepan.

17

greet

plakat; naříkat ** v /ɡriːt/ to react to an action or news in a particular way The unveiling of the sculpture was greeted with disbelief by the popular press.

18

maid

služka, služebná; pokojská   n C /meɪd/ a woman whose job is to clean rooms, serve meals, wash clothes etc in a house She summoned her maid.

19

mortuary

márnice   n C /ˈmɔː(r)tjuəri/ a place where a dead body is kept He works at the hospital mortuary.

20

reputation

pověst; reputace *** n U /ˌrepjʊˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ the opinion that people have about how good or how bad someone or something is Franzen was afraid that it might affect his reputation in literary circles.

21

glance

rychle/letmo pohlédnout; zahlédnout *** v /ɡlɑːns/  to look somewhere quickly and then look away I glanced up to see Britta watching me from the window.

22

mural

freska   n C /ˈmjʊərəl/ a large painting done on a wall This is a hand-painted mural by Diego Rivera.

23

exhibition

výstava *** n C /ˌeksɪˈbɪʃ(ə)n/  a public show where art or other interesting things are put so that people can go and look at them We saw an exhibition of paintings by Henri Matisse.

24

sabre

šavle   n C /ˈseɪbə(r)/ a heavy sword with a slightly curved blade, used in the past The men drew their sabres.

25

disbelief

nedůvěra, neochota uvěřit   n U /ˌdɪsbɪˈliːf/ the feeling of not believing someone or something, especially something shocking or unexpected Public reaction to the announcement has been one of shock and disbelief.

26

smarten (sth/sb) up

dát do pořádku; vylepšit   v /ˌsmɑː(r)t(ə)n ˈʌp/ to improve the appearance of something or someone I got the commission because they wanted to smarten the place up.

27

wherever

kdekoli ** adv  /werˈevə(r)/ everywhere or anywhere where someone does something or where a particular situation exists Wherever you go in France, you see large public arts projects all around you.

28

perfectionist

perfekcionista   n C /pə(r)ˈfekʃənɪst/  someone who always wants things to be done perfectly He can be a bit of a perfectionist.

29

commit suicide

spáchat sebevraždu   phr /kəˌmɪt ˈsuːɪsaɪd/ to deliberately kill yourself She was suffering from depression and tried to commit suicide.

30

farce

fraška   n C /fɑː(r)s/ a situation or event that is silly because it is very badly organized, unsuccessful, or unfair The trial has been a complete farce, from beginning to end.

31

bookworm

knihomol   n C /ˈbʊkˌwɜː(r)m/ someone who enjoys reading books and spends a lot of time doing it I'm a bit of a bookworm.

32

falter

ochabovat, zdráhat se   v /ˈfɔːltə(r)/ to stop speaking, or to speak with pauses between the words, because you are nervous or upset ‘But – my other ear is not pierced,’ I faltered.

33

calendar

kalendář ** n C /ˈkælɪndə(r)/ a set of pages showing the days, weeks, and months of a particular year There's a calendar on the wall.

34

turn (sb) away

odmítnout; nevpustit (dovnitř)   phr /ˌtɜː(r)n əˈweɪ/ to refuse to let someone come into a place Reporters who visited the team’s training ground were turned away.

35

commission

komise *** n C /kəˈmɪʃ(ə)n/ a group of people that is officially put in charge of something or asked to find out about something They set up a special parliamentary commission.

36

put (sb/sth) off

odradit   phr /ˌpʊt ˈɒf/ to make someone not want to do something, or to make someone not like someone or something It's beginning to put me off my food.

37

logo

logo; značka; emblém * n C /ˈləʊɡəʊ/ a symbol that represents an organization or company, used for example in its advertisements or on its products The company has redesigned their logo.

38

collection

sbírka; kolekce *** n C /kəˈlekʃ(ə)n/ works of art that are kept together, for example in a museum The gallery houses one of the finest collections of impressionist art.

39

catch up with

dostihnout   phr /kætʃ ʌp ˈwɪð/ to improve in order to reach the same standard or rate as someone or something This country is simply catching up with other countries like France.

40

candle

svíčka ** n C /ˈkænd(ə)l/ a stick of wax with a string in it called a wick that you burn to give light Blow out the candle.

41

phenomenon

jev; úkaz ** n C /fəˈnɒmɪnən/  an event or situation that can be seen to happen or exist The book club phenomenon grew and grew.

42

recover

uzdravit se; vzchopit se *** v /rɪˈkʌvə(r)/ to become fit and healthy again after an illness or an injury It was while she was recovering from the bus accident that she began painting.

43

breathe

dýchat ** v /briːð/ to say something very quietly 'Oh' I breathed.

44

needle

jehla; jehlice ** n C /ˈniːd(ə)l/ a small thin metal tool that is used for sewing. It has a sharp point at one end and a hole at the other I got out a needle and clove oil and pierced my other ear.

45

tactic

taktika; taktický manévr ** n C /ˈtæktɪk/  a particular method or plan for achieving something The governor’s tactics involved accusing his opponent of being too liberal.

46

live up to

dostát; naplnit; žít v souladu s   phr /lɪv ˈʌp tuː/ to be as good as what was expected or promised The breathtakingly beautiful scenery certainly lived up to expectations.

47

slight

mírný, drobný *** adj /slaɪt/ small in size, amount, or degree There has been a slight increase in temperature.

48

cloth

tkanina; látka ** n C /klɒθ/  a piece of cloth used for a particular purpose such as cleaning or covering a table The table was covered with a yellow cloth.

49

detention centre

nápravné zařízení   n C /dɪˈtenʃ(ə)n ˌsentə(r)/ a special prison for young people Oprah ran away from her home and, at the age of thirteen, was sent to a juvenile detention centre.

50

sting

bodnout; štípnout; žihadlo * v /stɪŋ/ to have or cause a sudden pain or uncomfortable feeling My eyes were stinging with the salt in the water.

51

abstract

abstraktní; těžko srozumitelný ** adj /ˈæbstrækt/ abstract art expresses the artist’s ideas or feelings rather than showing the exact appearance of people or things They have a large collection of modern abstract paintings.

52

worldwide

(celo)světový * adj /ˌwɜː(r)ldˈwaɪd/ happening or existing all over the world Our company employs 1,500 staff worldwide.

53

overly

příliš, přehnaně   adv /ˈəʊvə(r)li/ very much, or too much It is a problem, but we’re not overly worried about it.

54

suspend

suspendovat, vyloučit   v /səˈspend/ to officially stop something for a short time The writers were less impressed when Oprah suspended her book club in 2002.

55

building site

staveniště   n C /ˈbɪldɪŋ ˌsaɪt/ a place where something is being built Proper safety procedures must be observed at all times on the building site.

56

crawl

lézt; plazit se * v /krɔːl/ if an insect crawls, it moves forward using its legs His works include live maggots crawling over a dead animal.

57

exhibit

výstava; exponát ** v /ɪɡˈzɪbɪt/ to put something interesting in a museum or other public place so that people can go and look at it His work will be exhibited in Moscow later this year.

58

billionaire

miliardář   n C  /ˌbɪljəˈneə(r)/ someone who has more than a billion pounds or dollars Many new billionaires have been created in the country.

59

clove

hřebíček (koření)   n C /kləʊv/ a brown dried flower bud used as a spice for adding flavour to food Add oil of cloves to improve the flavour.

60

pregnant

těhotná ** adj /ˈpreɡnənt/ if a woman is pregnant, she has a baby developing inside her body I was eight months pregnant at the time.

61

overpowering

silný; mocný   adj  /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈpaʊərɪŋ/ an overpowering smell or taste is very strong The smell of paint was so overpowering.

62

shark

žralok * n C /ʃɑː(r)k/ a large fish with sharp teeth that lives in the sea. Some types of shark attack people. Not all species of shark are dangerous to swimmers.

63

jug

džbán * n C /dʒʌɡ/ a container from which you pour liquids such as water or milk. The usual American word is pitcher Fill a measuring jug with water.

64

fuel

podnítit   v /ˈfjuːəl/ to make something increase or become worse, especially something unpleasant The appointment of the new curator has fuelled the debate.

65

unveil

odhalit, uvést   v /ʌnˈveɪl/ to remove the cover from something such as a statue as part of an official ceremony She cut the ribbon to unveil the plaque.

66

strict

přísný ** adj /strɪkt/ someone who is strict has definite rules that they expect people to obey completely Her father, Vernon, was strict.

67

intimate

důvěrný   adj /ˈɪntɪmət/ relating to very private or personal things Drawn into the intimate world of her master’s art.

68

talented

talentovaný * adj /ˈtæləntɪd/ someone who is talented is very good at something He's a highly talented young designer.

69

take to

oblíbit si; dát se na něco   phr /ˈteɪk ˌtuː/ to begin to like someone or something I took to John immediately.

70

whoever

kdokoli ** adv  /huːˈevə(r)/ used for saying that it does not matter who is involved in something because the result or the situation will be the same Whoever made the decision certainly hasn’t got good taste.

71

however

nicméně; avšak *** adv /haʊˈevə(r)/ used when you are saying something that seems surprising after your previous statement, or that makes your previous statement seem less true Critics of the hospital’s policy, however, were unimpressed.

72

slip

uklouznout *** v /slɪp/ to go somewhere, especially quickly and quietly without people noticing you or stopping you He was looking at a book and did not notice as I slipped into my chair.

73

self-portrait

autoportrét   n C /ˌselfˈpɔː(r)trɪt/ a picture of you that you draw or paint yourself This painting is a self-portrait of the artist.

74

budget

rozpočet *** n C /ˈbʌdʒɪt/ the amount of money a person or organization has to spend on something Two-thirds of their budget goes on labour costs.

75

whatever

cokoli *** adv /wɒtˈevə(r)/ used for saying that what happens or what is true is not important, because it makes no difference to the situation Whatever you think of it, I don’t think that anybody would say it’s a masterpiece.

76

cover

přikrýt; (za)krýt *** n C /ˈkʌvə(r)/ the outside page at the front or back of a book or magazine The Oprah Winfrey Book Club logo on the front cover of a novel is now enough to ensure huge sales.

77

controversy

spor; sporná otázka ** n C /ˈkɒntrəvɜː(r)si/  /kənˈtrɒvə(r)si/ a disagreement, especially about a public policy or a moral issue that a lot of people have strong feelings about The election ended in controversy, with allegations of widespread vote-rigging.

78

warden

správce; hlídač   n C /ˈwɔː(r)d(ə)n/ someone whose job is to be responsible for a particular place or thing, and who checks that rules are obeyed A traffic warden gave us a parking ticket.

79

faint

omdlít; ztratit vědomí * v /feɪnt/ to suddenly become unconscious for a short time, and usually fall to the ground Many people in the crowd fainted in the heat.

80

slot

otvor; čas v rozpisu * n C /slɒt/ a time during a series of events when it is arranged that something will happen Oprah came up with the idea of a book club, of introducing a regular book slot on her show.

81

network

síť; televizní a/nebo rozhlasová společnost *** n C /ˈnetˌwɜː(r)k/ a group of companies that broadcast the same television or radio programs throughout a large area, or a company that produces or sells the rights to such broadcasts She is also the co-founder of a successful cable TV network.

82

juvenile

mladistvý, nevyzrálý, určený pro mládež * adj /ˈdʒuːvənaɪl/ relating to young people who have committed a crime or who are accused of committing  a crime Oprah ran away from her home and, at the age of thirteen, was sent to a juvenile detention centre.

83

tireless

neúnavný   adj /ˈtaɪə(r)ləs/ working very hard without stopping She's a tireless worker.

84

single (sth/sb) out

vyčlenit   v /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l aʊt/ to choose one person from a group for special attention Katie was often singled out for punishment.

85

turn out

dopadnout; skončit   phr /ˌtɜː(r)n aʊt/ to develop in a particular way, or to have a particular result Obviously, I’m disappointed at the way things have turned out.

86

dot

tečka; bod * n C /dɒt/ a very small spot of ink or colour The female fish is yellow, with tiny orange dots on the tail.

87

focal point

ohnisko; hlavní téma   n C /ˈfəʊk(ə)l ˌpɔɪnt/ the most important, interesting, or attractive part of something, that you concentrate on or pay particular attention to Many environments could be improved, made more attractive with well-chosen works of art as a focal point.

88

depression

deprese ** n U /dɪˈpreʃ(ə)n/ a feeling of being extremely unhappy Some children show signs of anxiety and depression at exam time.

89

curator

kurátor   n C /kjʊˈreɪtə(r)/ someone whose job is to look after the objects in a museum She's the curator of the museum.

90

quote

citát; citace * n C /kwəʊt/ the price that someone says they will charge you for doing a particular piece of work Can you give us a quote for the whole job?

91

set about

pustit se do něčeho   v /set əˈbaʊt/ to begin doing something, especially in a determined or enthusiastic way She set about the problem with her usual energy.

92

whenever

kdykoli ** adv /wenˈevə(r)/ every time that something happens Whenever we unveil a work of art, people always get together and talk about it.

93

rate

míra; tempo; stupeň; sazba *** n C /reɪt/ the speed at which something happens within a particular period of time The population was growing at an alarming rate.

94

best-seller

kniha jdoucí nejlépe na odbyt   n C /ˌbestˈselə(r)/ a book that many people buy She wrote her first best-seller when she was thirty years old.

95

conviction

přesvědčení; uznání vinným ** n C/U /kənˈvɪkʃ(ə)n/ a strong belief or opinion about something She holds deep religious convictions.

96

comply

vyhovět, splnit   v /kəmˈplaɪ/ to obey a rule or law, or to do what someone asks you to do You are legally obliged to comply fully with any investigations.

97

maggot

larva; červ   n C /ˈmæɡət/ a small soft creature with no arms or legs that later changes into a fly. Maggots are found in old meat and dead bodies. The flour was crawling with maggots.

98

broadcast

vysílání ** n C /ˈbrɔːdˌkɑːst/ a programme that can be seen or heard on radio or television Channel 5’s main news broadcast attracts a lot of viewers.

99

set up

zřídit; nainstalovat   phr /ˌset ˈʌp/ to start something such as a business, organization, or institution The group plans to set up an import business.

100

viewer

(televizní) divák ** n C /ˈvjuːə(r)/ someone who is watching, or who watches, television programmes Her own TV talk show is the most successful in television history and is watched by over thirty million viewers.

101

portrait

portrét ** n C /ˈpɔː(r)trɪt/ a painting, drawing, or photograph of someone, especially of their face only The gallery features portraits of the most famous people in British history.

102

pearl

perla, perleť * n C /pɜː(r)l/ a small round jewel that is white and shiny and that grows inside the shell of an oyster She was wearing a pearl necklace.

103

landscape

krajina ** n C /ˈlæn(d)ˌskeɪp/ a painting of an area of land We went to an exhibition of Paul Gunn’s most recent landscapes.

104

godsend

dar z nebe   n s /ˈɡɒdˌsend/ something that you are very grateful for because it helps you in a difficult situation For the publishing world, it was a godsend.

105

colossal

ohromný   adj /kəˈlɒs(ə)l/ extremely great or large It was a colossal achievement.

106

turn (sb/sth) down

odmítnout   phr /ˌtɜː(r)n daʊn/ to not accept an offer or request I don’t believe it: he turned me down flat!

107

still life

zátiší   n C /ˈstɪl laɪf/ a type of art that represents objects rather than people, animals, or the countryside A still life of flowers in a vase was sold recently.

108

get away with

uprchnout; vyvléci se z něčeho   phr /ˌɡet əˈweɪ wɪð/ to manage to do something bad without being punished or criticized for it They have repeatedly broken the law and got away with it.

109

socha; sochařství ** n C /ˈskʌlptʃə(r)/ a solid object that someone makes as a work of art by shaping a substance such as stone, metal, or wood Works to be shown include sculptures by Houdon and Carpeaux.

sculpture

110

vláda, režim, vládnutí ** n C /reɪˈʒiːm/ a program of medical treatment, exercise, or special food for improving your health or appearance As part of the regime, Oprah had to learn five new words every day.

regime

111

odejít do důchodu; ukončit kariéru ** v /rɪˈtaɪə(r)/ to stop working, especially when you reach the age when you are officially too old to work The managing director is going to retire next year.

retire

112

přednést; předložit   v /ˌpʊt ˈfɔː(r)wə(r)d/ to offer an idea, opinion, reason, etc, especially so that people can discuss it and make a decision Oprah put forward a book which she had read and enjoyed and discussed it on the programme.

put forward

113

patron; ochránce * n C /ˈpeɪtrən/ someone who supports the work of writers, artists, musicians etc, especially by giving them money He was an enthusiastic patron of the arts.

patron

114

skvrna * n C /steɪn/ a mark left accidentally on clothes or surfaces The place was absolutely awful, coffee stains on the carpets, broken-down vending machines everywhere, no redeeming features at all.

stain

115

mánie; posedlost; velká móda   n C /kreɪz/ something that suddenly becomes very popular, but for only a short time The band is very popular at the moment because of the craze for Irish music.

craze

116

lebka ** n C /skʌl/ the bones of the head His skull was fractured in the accident.

skull

117

pilulka; tableta; prášek * n C /pɪl/ a small piece of solid medicine that you swallow with water I take a vitamin pill every morning.

pill

118

půvab; kouzlo ** n U /tʃɑː(r)m/ the quality of being pleasant or attractive It has a certain charm.

charm

119

nominovat; navrhnout * v /ˈnɒmɪneɪt/ to officially suggest that someone should be given a job, or that someone or something should receive a prize Anyone can nominate a team for an award.

nominate

120

mít poměr   phr /ˌhæv ən əˈfeə(r)/ to have a sexual relationship with someone, especially when you are married to someone else Both of them had affairs with other people.

have an affair

121

obchodník, prodejce *** n C  /ˈdiːlə(r)/ a person or company that buys and sells a particular product The company is one of the largest New York art dealers.

dealer

122

přijít s (řešením)   phr /kʌm ˈʌp wɪð/ to think of something such as an idea or a plan Is that the best you can come up with?

come up with

123

prodejní automat   n C /ˈvendɪŋ məˌʃiːn/ a machine that you can buy things from, for example cigarettes, sweets, or drinks The vending machine swallowed my last pound coin.

vending machine

124

rozpustit (se); roztát ** v /melt/ to change a solid substance into a liquid Melt the butter in a small saucepan.

melt

125

plakat; naříkat ** v /ɡriːt/ to react to an action or news in a particular way The unveiling of the sculpture was greeted with disbelief by the popular press.

greet

126

služka, služebná; pokojská   n C /meɪd/ a woman whose job is to clean rooms, serve meals, wash clothes etc in a house She summoned her maid.

maid

127

márnice   n C /ˈmɔː(r)tjuəri/ a place where a dead body is kept He works at the hospital mortuary.

mortuary

128

pověst; reputace *** n U /ˌrepjʊˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ the opinion that people have about how good or how bad someone or something is Franzen was afraid that it might affect his reputation in literary circles.

reputation

129

rychle/letmo pohlédnout; zahlédnout *** v /ɡlɑːns/  to look somewhere quickly and then look away I glanced up to see Britta watching me from the window.

glance

130

freska   n C /ˈmjʊərəl/ a large painting done on a wall This is a hand-painted mural by Diego Rivera.

mural

131

výstava *** n C /ˌeksɪˈbɪʃ(ə)n/  a public show where art or other interesting things are put so that people can go and look at them We saw an exhibition of paintings by Henri Matisse.

exhibition

132

šavle   n C /ˈseɪbə(r)/ a heavy sword with a slightly curved blade, used in the past The men drew their sabres.

sabre

133

nedůvěra, neochota uvěřit   n U /ˌdɪsbɪˈliːf/ the feeling of not believing someone or something, especially something shocking or unexpected Public reaction to the announcement has been one of shock and disbelief.

disbelief

134

dát do pořádku; vylepšit   v /ˌsmɑː(r)t(ə)n ˈʌp/ to improve the appearance of something or someone I got the commission because they wanted to smarten the place up.

smarten (sth/sb) up

135

kdekoli ** adv  /werˈevə(r)/ everywhere or anywhere where someone does something or where a particular situation exists Wherever you go in France, you see large public arts projects all around you.

wherever

136

perfekcionista   n C /pə(r)ˈfekʃənɪst/  someone who always wants things to be done perfectly He can be a bit of a perfectionist.

perfectionist

137

spáchat sebevraždu   phr /kəˌmɪt ˈsuːɪsaɪd/ to deliberately kill yourself She was suffering from depression and tried to commit suicide.

commit suicide

138

fraška   n C /fɑː(r)s/ a situation or event that is silly because it is very badly organized, unsuccessful, or unfair The trial has been a complete farce, from beginning to end.

farce

139

knihomol   n C /ˈbʊkˌwɜː(r)m/ someone who enjoys reading books and spends a lot of time doing it I'm a bit of a bookworm.

bookworm

140

ochabovat, zdráhat se   v /ˈfɔːltə(r)/ to stop speaking, or to speak with pauses between the words, because you are nervous or upset ‘But – my other ear is not pierced,’ I faltered.

falter

141

kalendář ** n C /ˈkælɪndə(r)/ a set of pages showing the days, weeks, and months of a particular year There's a calendar on the wall.

calendar

142

odmítnout; nevpustit (dovnitř)   phr /ˌtɜː(r)n əˈweɪ/ to refuse to let someone come into a place Reporters who visited the team’s training ground were turned away.

turn (sb) away

143

komise *** n C /kəˈmɪʃ(ə)n/ a group of people that is officially put in charge of something or asked to find out about something They set up a special parliamentary commission.

commission

144

odradit   phr /ˌpʊt ˈɒf/ to make someone not want to do something, or to make someone not like someone or something It's beginning to put me off my food.

put (sb/sth) off

145

logo; značka; emblém * n C /ˈləʊɡəʊ/ a symbol that represents an organization or company, used for example in its advertisements or on its products The company has redesigned their logo.

logo

146

sbírka; kolekce *** n C /kəˈlekʃ(ə)n/ works of art that are kept together, for example in a museum The gallery houses one of the finest collections of impressionist art.

collection

147

dostihnout   phr /kætʃ ʌp ˈwɪð/ to improve in order to reach the same standard or rate as someone or something This country is simply catching up with other countries like France.

catch up with

148

svíčka ** n C /ˈkænd(ə)l/ a stick of wax with a string in it called a wick that you burn to give light Blow out the candle.

candle

149

jev; úkaz ** n C /fəˈnɒmɪnən/  an event or situation that can be seen to happen or exist The book club phenomenon grew and grew.

phenomenon

150

uzdravit se; vzchopit se *** v /rɪˈkʌvə(r)/ to become fit and healthy again after an illness or an injury It was while she was recovering from the bus accident that she began painting.

recover

151

dýchat ** v /briːð/ to say something very quietly 'Oh' I breathed.

breathe

152

jehla; jehlice ** n C /ˈniːd(ə)l/ a small thin metal tool that is used for sewing. It has a sharp point at one end and a hole at the other I got out a needle and clove oil and pierced my other ear.

needle

153

taktika; taktický manévr ** n C /ˈtæktɪk/  a particular method or plan for achieving something The governor’s tactics involved accusing his opponent of being too liberal.

tactic

154

dostát; naplnit; žít v souladu s   phr /lɪv ˈʌp tuː/ to be as good as what was expected or promised The breathtakingly beautiful scenery certainly lived up to expectations.

live up to

155

mírný, drobný *** adj /slaɪt/ small in size, amount, or degree There has been a slight increase in temperature.

slight

156

tkanina; látka ** n C /klɒθ/  a piece of cloth used for a particular purpose such as cleaning or covering a table The table was covered with a yellow cloth.

cloth

157

nápravné zařízení   n C /dɪˈtenʃ(ə)n ˌsentə(r)/ a special prison for young people Oprah ran away from her home and, at the age of thirteen, was sent to a juvenile detention centre.

detention centre

158

bodnout; štípnout; žihadlo * v /stɪŋ/ to have or cause a sudden pain or uncomfortable feeling My eyes were stinging with the salt in the water.

sting

159

abstraktní; těžko srozumitelný ** adj /ˈæbstrækt/ abstract art expresses the artist’s ideas or feelings rather than showing the exact appearance of people or things They have a large collection of modern abstract paintings.

abstract

160

(celo)světový * adj /ˌwɜː(r)ldˈwaɪd/ happening or existing all over the world Our company employs 1,500 staff worldwide.

worldwide

161

příliš, přehnaně   adv /ˈəʊvə(r)li/ very much, or too much It is a problem, but we’re not overly worried about it.

overly

162

suspendovat, vyloučit   v /səˈspend/ to officially stop something for a short time The writers were less impressed when Oprah suspended her book club in 2002.

suspend

163

staveniště   n C /ˈbɪldɪŋ ˌsaɪt/ a place where something is being built Proper safety procedures must be observed at all times on the building site.

building site

164

lézt; plazit se * v /krɔːl/ if an insect crawls, it moves forward using its legs His works include live maggots crawling over a dead animal.

crawl

165

výstava; exponát ** v /ɪɡˈzɪbɪt/ to put something interesting in a museum or other public place so that people can go and look at it His work will be exhibited in Moscow later this year.

exhibit

166

miliardář   n C  /ˌbɪljəˈneə(r)/ someone who has more than a billion pounds or dollars Many new billionaires have been created in the country.

billionaire

167

hřebíček (koření)   n C /kləʊv/ a brown dried flower bud used as a spice for adding flavour to food Add oil of cloves to improve the flavour.

clove

168

těhotná ** adj /ˈpreɡnənt/ if a woman is pregnant, she has a baby developing inside her body I was eight months pregnant at the time.

pregnant

169

silný; mocný   adj  /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈpaʊərɪŋ/ an overpowering smell or taste is very strong The smell of paint was so overpowering.

overpowering

170

žralok * n C /ʃɑː(r)k/ a large fish with sharp teeth that lives in the sea. Some types of shark attack people. Not all species of shark are dangerous to swimmers.

shark

171

džbán * n C /dʒʌɡ/ a container from which you pour liquids such as water or milk. The usual American word is pitcher Fill a measuring jug with water.

jug

172

podnítit   v /ˈfjuːəl/ to make something increase or become worse, especially something unpleasant The appointment of the new curator has fuelled the debate.

fuel

173

odhalit, uvést   v /ʌnˈveɪl/ to remove the cover from something such as a statue as part of an official ceremony She cut the ribbon to unveil the plaque.

unveil

174

přísný ** adj /strɪkt/ someone who is strict has definite rules that they expect people to obey completely Her father, Vernon, was strict.

strict

175

důvěrný   adj /ˈɪntɪmət/ relating to very private or personal things Drawn into the intimate world of her master’s art.

intimate

176

talentovaný * adj /ˈtæləntɪd/ someone who is talented is very good at something He's a highly talented young designer.

talented

177

oblíbit si; dát se na něco   phr /ˈteɪk ˌtuː/ to begin to like someone or something I took to John immediately.

take to

178

kdokoli ** adv  /huːˈevə(r)/ used for saying that it does not matter who is involved in something because the result or the situation will be the same Whoever made the decision certainly hasn’t got good taste.

whoever

179

nicméně; avšak *** adv /haʊˈevə(r)/ used when you are saying something that seems surprising after your previous statement, or that makes your previous statement seem less true Critics of the hospital’s policy, however, were unimpressed.

however

180

uklouznout *** v /slɪp/ to go somewhere, especially quickly and quietly without people noticing you or stopping you He was looking at a book and did not notice as I slipped into my chair.

slip

181

autoportrét   n C /ˌselfˈpɔː(r)trɪt/ a picture of you that you draw or paint yourself This painting is a self-portrait of the artist.

self-portrait

182

rozpočet *** n C /ˈbʌdʒɪt/ the amount of money a person or organization has to spend on something Two-thirds of their budget goes on labour costs.

budget

183

cokoli *** adv /wɒtˈevə(r)/ used for saying that what happens or what is true is not important, because it makes no difference to the situation Whatever you think of it, I don’t think that anybody would say it’s a masterpiece.

whatever

184

přikrýt; (za)krýt *** n C /ˈkʌvə(r)/ the outside page at the front or back of a book or magazine The Oprah Winfrey Book Club logo on the front cover of a novel is now enough to ensure huge sales.

cover

185

spor; sporná otázka ** n C /ˈkɒntrəvɜː(r)si/  /kənˈtrɒvə(r)si/ a disagreement, especially about a public policy or a moral issue that a lot of people have strong feelings about The election ended in controversy, with allegations of widespread vote-rigging.

controversy

186

správce; hlídač   n C /ˈwɔː(r)d(ə)n/ someone whose job is to be responsible for a particular place or thing, and who checks that rules are obeyed A traffic warden gave us a parking ticket.

warden

187

omdlít; ztratit vědomí * v /feɪnt/ to suddenly become unconscious for a short time, and usually fall to the ground Many people in the crowd fainted in the heat.

faint

188

otvor; čas v rozpisu * n C /slɒt/ a time during a series of events when it is arranged that something will happen Oprah came up with the idea of a book club, of introducing a regular book slot on her show.

slot

189

síť; televizní a/nebo rozhlasová společnost *** n C /ˈnetˌwɜː(r)k/ a group of companies that broadcast the same television or radio programs throughout a large area, or a company that produces or sells the rights to such broadcasts She is also the co-founder of a successful cable TV network.

network

190

mladistvý, nevyzrálý, určený pro mládež * adj /ˈdʒuːvənaɪl/ relating to young people who have committed a crime or who are accused of committing  a crime Oprah ran away from her home and, at the age of thirteen, was sent to a juvenile detention centre.

juvenile

191

neúnavný   adj /ˈtaɪə(r)ləs/ working very hard without stopping She's a tireless worker.

tireless

192

vyčlenit   v /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l aʊt/ to choose one person from a group for special attention Katie was often singled out for punishment.

single (sth/sb) out

193

dopadnout; skončit   phr /ˌtɜː(r)n aʊt/ to develop in a particular way, or to have a particular result Obviously, I’m disappointed at the way things have turned out.

turn out

194

tečka; bod * n C /dɒt/ a very small spot of ink or colour The female fish is yellow, with tiny orange dots on the tail.

dot

195

ohnisko; hlavní téma   n C /ˈfəʊk(ə)l ˌpɔɪnt/ the most important, interesting, or attractive part of something, that you concentrate on or pay particular attention to Many environments could be improved, made more attractive with well-chosen works of art as a focal point.

focal point

196

deprese ** n U /dɪˈpreʃ(ə)n/ a feeling of being extremely unhappy Some children show signs of anxiety and depression at exam time.

depression

197

kurátor   n C /kjʊˈreɪtə(r)/ someone whose job is to look after the objects in a museum She's the curator of the museum.

curator

198

citát; citace * n C /kwəʊt/ the price that someone says they will charge you for doing a particular piece of work Can you give us a quote for the whole job?

quote

199

pustit se do něčeho   v /set əˈbaʊt/ to begin doing something, especially in a determined or enthusiastic way She set about the problem with her usual energy.

set about

200

kdykoli ** adv /wenˈevə(r)/ every time that something happens Whenever we unveil a work of art, people always get together and talk about it.

whenever

201

míra; tempo; stupeň; sazba *** n C /reɪt/ the speed at which something happens within a particular period of time The population was growing at an alarming rate.

rate

202

kniha jdoucí nejlépe na odbyt   n C /ˌbestˈselə(r)/ a book that many people buy She wrote her first best-seller when she was thirty years old.

best-seller

203

přesvědčení; uznání vinným ** n C/U /kənˈvɪkʃ(ə)n/ a strong belief or opinion about something She holds deep religious convictions.

conviction

204

vyhovět, splnit   v /kəmˈplaɪ/ to obey a rule or law, or to do what someone asks you to do You are legally obliged to comply fully with any investigations.

comply

205

larva; červ   n C /ˈmæɡət/ a small soft creature with no arms or legs that later changes into a fly. Maggots are found in old meat and dead bodies. The flour was crawling with maggots.

maggot

206

vysílání ** n C /ˈbrɔːdˌkɑːst/ a programme that can be seen or heard on radio or television Channel 5’s main news broadcast attracts a lot of viewers.

broadcast

207

zřídit; nainstalovat   phr /ˌset ˈʌp/ to start something such as a business, organization, or institution The group plans to set up an import business.

set up

208

(televizní) divák ** n C /ˈvjuːə(r)/ someone who is watching, or who watches, television programmes Her own TV talk show is the most successful in television history and is watched by over thirty million viewers.

viewer

209

portrét ** n C /ˈpɔː(r)trɪt/ a painting, drawing, or photograph of someone, especially of their face only The gallery features portraits of the most famous people in British history.

portrait

210

perla, perleť * n C /pɜː(r)l/ a small round jewel that is white and shiny and that grows inside the shell of an oyster She was wearing a pearl necklace.

pearl

211

krajina ** n C /ˈlæn(d)ˌskeɪp/ a painting of an area of land We went to an exhibition of Paul Gunn’s most recent landscapes.

landscape

212

dar z nebe   n s /ˈɡɒdˌsend/ something that you are very grateful for because it helps you in a difficult situation For the publishing world, it was a godsend.

godsend

213

ohromný   adj /kəˈlɒs(ə)l/ extremely great or large It was a colossal achievement.

colossal

214

odmítnout   phr /ˌtɜː(r)n daʊn/ to not accept an offer or request I don’t believe it: he turned me down flat!

turn (sb/sth) down

215

zátiší   n C /ˈstɪl laɪf/ a type of art that represents objects rather than people, animals, or the countryside A still life of flowers in a vase was sold recently.

still life

216

uprchnout; vyvléci se z něčeho   phr /ˌɡet əˈweɪ wɪð/ to manage to do something bad without being punished or criticized for it They have repeatedly broken the law and got away with it.

get away with