Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

Edexcel History Germany > Unit 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (52):
1

When did the Reichstag accept the Dawes plan?

August 1924

2

When did president ebert die?

February 1925

3

When was Hindenburg elected as president?

April 1925

4

How many people supported pro Weimar parties by the 1928 election?

76%

5

When was the grand coalition created?

1928, was a coalition of the left right and centre, commanded a secure majority

6

Why did luthers administration collapse in 1926?

Disagreements over the appearance of the German flag

7

How many governments were there between 1923-1929?

7

8

Who was Hindenburg hostile about working with before 1928?

The SPD

9

When did production finally equal that of 1913?

1928

10

How much higher was national income in 1928 than 1913?

12%

11

Which German company became the largest chemicals manufacturer in Europe during the golden years?

IG Farben

12

What rose by 40% between 1925 and 1929?

Exports

13

How much did the international community loan Germany between 1924 and 1930?

25.5 million marks

14

What rose every year between 1924 and 1930?

Wages

15

When did agriculture begin to go in to a recession?

1927

16

What did a dependence on American loans mean for Germany?

They were vulnerable to us economic problems

17

When did France and Belgium leave the Ruhr?

1925

18

What policy did stressemann pursue when trying to pay reparations?

A policy of fulfilment

19

When was the Dawes plan?

1924

20

When was the young plan?

1929

21

When was Germany admitted to the League of Nations?

1926

22

Which borders did stressemann agree to as part of the 1925 Locarno pact?

Post war borders with France

23

What did the young payment do?

Increased the repayment term to 59 years, which reduced annual payments

24

Who opposed the Young plan?

The nationalist right

25

How many people supported the right wing coalition in the young plan referendum?

13.9%

26

What did the cultural changes cause German people to associate with the Weimar system?

Decadence and experimentation

27

Where did gay life flourish in the 1920s?

Berlin

28

Who produced works reflecting on the impact of the First World War and the satirisation of the junker class?

George Grosz and Otto Dix

29

What architectural movement flourished during the 1920s?

The Bauhaus movement

30

How many state employees were sacked under Stresemann?

700,000

31

What was the main problem with the Dawes plan?

It involved Germany accepting that it would have to continue to pay reparations

32

Why did the SPD resist becoming involved in forming coalition governments between 1924 and June 1928?

They believed working with the bourgeois parties would lead to a compromise of the parties ideals

33

How many votes did Hindenburg win in the 1925 election

14.6 million

34

Which party did Hindenburg work hard to exclude from coalitions?

The SPD

35

What did Hindenburg block from passing in 1926?

A draft law which would define the use of article 48

36

Why did Hindenburg block the law defining article 48?

He thought the presidents powers should be unrestrained, he did not believe in democracy

37

When was the lambach article published?

1928, urged DNVP to accept the republic and move on from monarchism

38

What did the lambach article cause?

The DNVP to move to the right

39

When did the French promise to evacuate the Rhineland?

June 1930, five years ahead of schedule

40

What article of the constitution made it possible to petition for referendum?

Article 73

41

How many people were unemployed by 1927?

1.3 million

42

How many people were unemployed by 1929?

3.6 million

43

When was the collapse in food prices?

1922

44

How many workers did the ironworks owners lock out in the Ruhr in 1928?

210,000

45

When were the reich relief law and the serious disabilities laws published?

1920

46

When did the labour exchanges and unemployment insurance law pass?

1927

47

When did the state spend 33 times more on public housing than it did in 1913?

1929

48

What did the number of deaths by typhus per 10,000 fall to by the late 1920's?

1913=143
1928=87

49

What did the reich youth law of 1922 claim?

All children were entitled to a decent upbringing

50

What did the 1926 treaty of Berlin secure?

Good relations between Russia and Germany, both agreed neutrality in the event of attack by a third power

51

When did the allies withdraw the Inter Allied military control commission which had been set up to oversee German disarmament?

January 1927

52

What was an economic benefit to the improved international relations?

A commercial treaty was signed between France and Germany in August 1927