Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (49):
1

pall

vi. to lose in interest or attraction 失去兴趣

2

reciprocate

vi. to move forward and backward alternately 往复运动
vt. to return in kind or degree 报答/回报

3

rookie

n. recruit;novice 新兵/新手/菜鸟

4

tenacious

adj. persistent in maintaining something valued or habitual 顽固的/不屈不挠的
adj. tending to adhere to objects upon contact 粘着的

5

vicarious

adj. performed or suffered by one person as a substitute for another or to the benefit or advantage of another 代理的/取代的

6

volatile

adj. characterized by or subject to rapid or unexpected change 多变的

7

fraught

adj. full of or accompanied by something 充满的
adj. causing or characterized by emotional distress or tension 令人忧虑的

8

august

adj. having or showing a formal and serious or reserved manner 威严的/庄重的
adj. large and impressive in size, grandeur, extent, or conception 盛大的/令人印象深刻的

9

munificent

adj. very liberal in giving 慷慨的

10

chaff

v. to make jokes 开玩笑

11

prune

n. a plum dried or capable of drying without fermentation 梅干
vt. to cut off or remove dead or living parts or branches of to improve shape or growth 修剪/修整

12

clan

n. a group united by a common interest or common characteristics (有共同爱好的)团体,帮派

13

dolt

n. a stupid person 笨蛋

14

proffer

v./n. to offer for acceptance; tender 献出/提供

15

pithy

adj. precisely meaningful; forceful and brief 精炼的/简洁的

16

varnish

vt. to give a smooth and glossy finish to 上清漆/使有光泽
vt. to cover or conceal (as something unpleasant) with something that gives an attractive appearance 粉饰(令人不悦的东西)

17

recoil

vi. to shrink back, as under pressure or in fear or repugnance 退却/畏缩

18

deject

vt. to lower the spirits of; dishearten 使沮丧

19

harrow

vt. to inflict great distress or torment on 折磨/使痛苦

20

quack

n. a pretender to medical skill 骗子医生/江湖郎中

21

inkling

n. a slight indication or suggestion 轻微暗示/小提示
n. a slight knowledge or vague notion 略知

22

pittance

n. a small portion, amount, or allowance 少量津贴

23

ostentatious

adj. marked by or fond of conspicuous or vainglorious and sometimes pretentious display 炫耀卖弄的

24

insouciant

adj. free from concern, worry, or anxiety 无忧虑的/不在乎的

25

wayward

adj .following one's own capricious, wanton, or depraved inclinations 刚愎自用的/不服管束的

26

broach

vt. to open for the first time 开启/启封
vt. to present or bring forward for discussion 提出讨论

27

crutch

n./v. something that supports or sustains 支撑/支柱

28

hallow

vt. to respect or honor greatly: revere 尊敬/把。。视为神圣

29

imbroglio

n. an intricate or complicated situation 困境/复杂的局面
n. an often noisy or angry expression of differing opinions 纷争

30

rabid

adj. extremely zealous or enthusiastic; fanatical 狂热的/不冷静的

31

vaunt

vi. to speak boastfully 吹嘘

32

veneer

n. a thin surface layer, as of finely grained wood, glued to a base of inferior material 薄木板/用以贴在家居外面的饰面板
vt. to cover over with a veneer; especially to conceal (as a defect of character) under a superficial and deceptive attractiveness 粉饰(不好的东西)

33

palter

vi. to act insincerely or deceitfully; haggle, chaffer 欺骗/讨价还价

34

scotch

vt. to put an abrupt end to 停止

35

dour

adj. sullen, gloomy 闷闷不乐的/死气沉沉的
adj. harsh and threatening in manner or appearance 严厉的

36

sartorial

adj. of or relating to a tailor or tailored clothes 裁缝匠的/裁缝的

37

exploit

n. a notable or heroic act 英雄行为
vt. to employ to the greatest possible advantage 最大程度地利用

38

stint

vi. to be sparing or frugal 吝惜/节省

39

blandishment

n. something that tends to coax or cajole 甜言蜜语/讨好某人的话

40

overture

n. an introductory section or part, as of a poem; a prelude 前言
n. an instrumental composition intended especially as an introduction to an extended work, such as an opera or oratorio 序曲

41

malaise

n. a vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at the beginning of an illness 不舒服

42

recumbent

adj. lying down, especially in a position of comfort or rest 躺着的

43

crescendo

n./v. a gradual increase in volume of a musical passage (声音)渐强
n. the peak of a gradual increase (坚强之后到达的)顶峰

44

potable

n. a beverage, especially an alcoholic beverage 饮品,尤指有酒精饮料
adj. suitable for drinking 适于饮用的

45

retrench

vi. to curtail expenses 削减开支

46

obfuscate

vt. to make so confused or opaque as to be difficult to perceive or understand 使困惑/使模糊

47

repatriate

vt. to restore or return to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship 遣返

48

supine

adj. showing lethargy, passivity, or blameworthy indifference 懒散的/倦怠的/消极的/漠不关心的

49

epigram

n. a short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation 机智的短诗/警句