Unit 5 - Final Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5 - Final Exam Deck (22):
1

What area was Caesar the Governor of for 8 years?

Gaul

2

Did the Roman loose the 1st Punic War and did not become a major naval power?

NO

3

What was Rome's first and biggest rival for control of the Mediterranean was what empire in North Africa?

Carthage

4

What were the small short swords used in combat by Roman soldiers?

Gladioluses

5

What were the 1st written laws of the of the Roman Republic?

12 tablets

6

Who did the Roman believe ruled over Rome?

Laws - not people

7

What was the practice of watching birds and the sky for good omens before the beginning of a battle - it was adopted from the Etruscans?

Seeing the Auspices

8

Whose culture did the Early Roman adopt - which is evident through their religion, language, education and architecture?

Greek

9

Is Italy centrally located in the Black Sea?

NO

10

Where is the city of Rome situated - it is near the Tiber River in Central Italy?

7 hills

11

Did Caesar separate himself from his soldiers and only appeared before them to give orders to appear god - like?

NO

12

Why did Caesar write The Commentaries?

to glorify himself and his actions

13

Who seduced Caesar and convinced him to use his troops to help her defeat her brother?

Cleopatra

14

Who was Cleopatra's brother and she defeated in the Egyptian Civil War?

Ptolemy

15

Why was the month of February the shortest month in the Julian calendar?

Romans thought it was unlucky

16

After he changed his name - who was the first Emperor of Rome - his changed name?

Caesar Augustus

17

Give the Historical Significance of 9 of the following

1. Cincinnatus
2. Corvus
3. Plebeians
4. Romulus and Remus (story and significance)
5. Struggle of the Orders
6. Spartacus
7. Seeing the Auspices
8. 3rd Punic War
9. Spartacus
10. Triumph
11. Patricians
12. Provincial System
13. Legion (structure/equipment/training/advantages)

18

Octavian and Marc Antony were the two most powerful players in the 2nd Triumvirate - what did they each want? Explain the events and important characters in their falling out - discuss the final outcomes of the war between them>

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19

What was the 1st Triumvirate - Who were the members and what did each of them bring to the table - what did each of them want? Why did Julius Caesar and Pompey have a falling out? When Pompey and the Senate recalled Caesar to Rome what did he decide to do? What was the significance of his action?

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20

Why did the Republic fail? Include: wealth gap, slavery, obsession with the military, Gracchi and their fates, Marius and Sulla?

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21

Describe the events and outcomes of the 2nd Punic War - - Include: Hannibal, Invasion of Italy, Hannibal's strengths and weaknesses, Scipio Africanus, outcomes of the war.

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22

Describe the Structure of the Roman Republic - Include: the Cursus Honorum, Magisterial Positions, quaestor, aedile, praetor, senate, consul, censor, tribune, dictator.

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