What is one characteristic all protists share?
What should you do to kill protozoans in stream water before you can drink it?
disinfect it (boiling, chemicals, etc.)
What is the function of stomata?
allow the diffusion of carbon dioxide and oxygen in and out of the leaf
Without gas exchange, a plant would be unable to _____.
What is the function of a plant's stem?
transport substances between roots and leaves
A seed that is enclosed by edible fruit is probably dispersed by _____.
Which flower parts produce pollen grains?
male reproductive structures
How long do annuals live?
an individual fungal filament
What important function do algae perform for ecosystems?
produce oxygen through photosynthesis
What are the characteristics of the kingdom plantae?
eukaryotic, multicellular, nonmobile, cell walls containing cellulose
Pores on the underside of plant leaves are called _____, and they are surrounded by _____.
stomata, guard cells
tough outer layer of a seed
one main root, like a carrot
type of leaves needed for a plant living in an area with limited sunlight
embryo of a seed is alive but not growing
response of a plant to changes in the length of day or night
Do all fungi produce mushrooms?
What do green algae have in common with plants?
cell wall composition, multicellularity and pigments
three organs all plants contain
roots, stems, leaves
Where are stomata and guard cells located?
underneath the leaves
three components of a seed
plant embryo, protective covering, food supply
What does a thin tree ring indicate?
year of drought
advantage of seed dispersal far from the parent plant
early growth stage of plant embryo
responses of plants to external stimuli
What are the characteristics of the kingdom fungi?
eukaryotic, heterotrophic, absorb their food, cell walls of chitin
What is the function of a food vacuole?
How are fungi like plants?
Why would a plant close its stomata?
to prevent water loss
Seed bearing plants do not require this for fertilization.
plant tissue that transports water
plant tissue that transports food/nutrients
Why does a carnivorous plant capture insects?
to obtain nitrogen
a ripened ovary that contains angiosperm seeds
movement of a plant in response to light
the main ecological role of fungi
How are cilia and flagella alike?
used for locomotion
How are cilia and flagella different?
cilia are shorter than flagella
What organism causes ringworm?
Which structures regulate gas exchange by opening and closing the stomata?
waxy coating on leaves
purpose of the cuticle
prevent water loss
How are cacti adapted to desert conditions?
needles reduce water loss, thickened stem stores water, shallow roots soak up water quickly
Lightweight seeds with "wings" are likely dispersed by _____.
Where does reproduction take place in angiosperms?
Where does reproduction take place in gymnosperms?
movement of a plant in response to gravity
movement of a plant in response to touch
plant that lives many years