Unit 5B Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5B Review Deck (50):
1

What is one characteristic all protists share?

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eukaryotic

2

What should you do to kill protozoans in stream water before you can drink it?

disinfect it (boiling, chemicals, etc.)

3

What is the function of stomata?

allow the diffusion of carbon dioxide and oxygen in and out of the leaf

4

Without gas exchange, a plant would be unable to _____.

make food

5

What is the function of a plant's stem?

transport substances between roots and leaves

6

A seed that is enclosed by edible fruit is probably dispersed by _____.

animals

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7

Which flower parts produce pollen grains?

male reproductive structures

8

How long do annuals live?

one year

9

an individual fungal filament

hypha

10

What important function do algae perform for ecosystems?

produce oxygen through photosynthesis

11

What are the characteristics of the kingdom plantae?

eukaryotic, multicellular, nonmobile, cell walls containing cellulose

12

Pores on the underside of plant leaves are called _____, and they are surrounded by _____.

stomata, guard cells

13

tough outer layer of a seed

seed coat

14

one main root, like a carrot

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tap root

15

type of leaves needed for a plant living in an area with limited sunlight

large

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16

embryo of a seed is alive but not growing

dormancy

17

response of a plant to changes in the length of day or night

photoperiodism

18

Do all fungi produce mushrooms?

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no

19

What do green algae have in common with plants?

cell wall composition, multicellularity and pigments

20

three organs all plants contain

roots, stems, leaves

21

Where are stomata and guard cells located?

underneath the leaves

22

three components of a seed

plant embryo, protective covering, food supply

23

What does a thin tree ring indicate?

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year of drought

24

advantage of seed dispersal far from the parent plant

less competition

25

early growth stage of plant embryo

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germination

26

responses of plants to external stimuli

tropisms

27

What are the characteristics of the kingdom fungi?

eukaryotic, heterotrophic, absorb their food, cell walls of chitin

28

What is the function of a food vacuole?

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stores food

29

How are fungi like plants?

cell walls

30

Why would a plant close its stomata?

to prevent water loss

31

Seed bearing plants do not require this for fertilization.

water

32

plant tissue that transports water

xylem

33

plant tissue that transports food/nutrients

phloem

34

Why does a carnivorous plant capture insects?

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to obtain nitrogen

35

a ripened ovary that contains angiosperm seeds

fruit

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36

movement of a plant in response to light

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phototropism

37

the main ecological role of fungi

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decomposition

38

How are cilia and flagella alike?

used for locomotion

39

How are cilia and flagella different?

cilia are shorter than flagella

40

What organism causes ringworm?

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fungus

41

Which structures regulate gas exchange by opening and closing the stomata?

guard cells

42

waxy coating on leaves

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cuticle

43

purpose of the cuticle

prevent water loss

44

How are cacti adapted to desert conditions?

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needles reduce water loss, thickened stem stores water, shallow roots soak up water quickly

45

Lightweight seeds with "wings" are likely dispersed by _____.

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wind

46

Where does reproduction take place in angiosperms?

flowers (ovaries)

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47

Where does reproduction take place in gymnosperms?

cones

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48

movement of a plant in response to gravity

gravitropism

49

movement of a plant in response to touch

thigmotropism

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50

plant that lives many years

perennial