(z)volit (si) *** v /ɪˈlekt/ to choose someone by voting so that they represent you or hold an official position The council is elected by popular vote.
péče o děti n U /ˈtʃaɪldˌkeə(r)/ the job of looking after children, especially while their parents are working She thinks that politicians should talk about equal pay and childcare.
make matters worse
zhoršit situaci phr /ˌmeɪk mætə(r)z ˈwɜː(r)s/ to make a situation worse A red-faced Gloystein made matters worse by attempting to be ‘friends’ with Mr Oelschlager.
jasný; bystrý; zářivý *** adj /braɪt/ bright colours are strong but not dark He went bright red.
filozofický ** adj /ˌfɪləˈsɒfɪk(ə)l/ relating to philosophy We spent the evening discussing philosophical problems. He's a professor of philosophy.
expert na politickou propagandu n C /ˈspɪn ˌdɒktə(r)/ someone whose job is to give journalists information that makes a politician or an organization seem as good as possible The government relies too heavily on spin doctors.
urazit; spáchat přestupek * v /əˈfend/ to make someone upset and angry by doing or saying something They avoided saying anything that might offend their audience.
get the sack
dostat vyhazov, vyletět /ˌɡet ðə ˈsæk/ to lose your job, especially for doing something wrong Have you heard the news about Frank getting the sack?
ponižující; zesměšňující adj /hjuːˈmɪliˌeɪtɪŋ/ making you feel very embarrassed and ashamed It was a humiliating mistake.
socialismus ** n U /ˈsəʊʃəˌlɪz(ə)m/ a political system that aims to create a society in which everyone has equal opportunities and in which the most important industries are owned or controlled by the whole community The country is moving towards socialism.
silně; naléhavě adv /əˈkjuːtli/ used for emphasizing that a feeling, often an unpleasant one, is very strong The situation brought back memories that were acutely painful.
spravedlivý *** adj /feə(r)/ if a situation is fair, everyone is treated equally and in a reasonable way The country will hold its first free and fair elections in the summer.
kancléř n C /ˈtʃɑːnsələ(r)/ the leader of the government in some countries, for example Germany and Austria The Germans elected a woman Chancellor.
mess (sth) up
zpackat; zaneřádit phr /ˌmes ˈʌp/ to make something dirty or untidy They had managed to mess up the whole office.
plavit se * v /kruːz/ to sail in a ship for pleasure, especially to a series of places The first week was spent cruising around the Baltic.
věc *** n C /ˈɪʃuː/ /ˈɪsjuː/ a subject that people discuss or argue about, especially relating to society, politics etc It’s a website devoted to environmental issues.
zástupce *** n C /ˌreprɪˈzentətɪv/ someone who has been chosen or elected by a person or group to vote, give opinions, or make decisions for them She's an elected representative.
poskytnout; připustit *** v /ɡrɑːnt/ to allow someone to have or do what they want The Board has refused to grant your request.
povinný ** adj /kəmˈpʌlsəri/ something that is compulsory must be done because of a rule or law School uniform is no longer compulsory in many British schools.
filozofie *** n U /fɪˈlɒsəfi/ "the study of theories about the meaning of things such as life, knowledge, and beliefs He studied politics and philosophy."
volební lístek n C /ˈbælət ˌpeɪpə(r)/ a ballot that you write your vote on The ballot paper lists every candidate standing for election in alphabetical order.
odstoupit; vzdát se funkce *** v /rɪˈzaɪn/ to state formally that you are leaving a job permanently It now seems clear that she will resign her directorship immediately.
parlament *** n U /ˈpɑː(r)ləmənt/ the main law-making institution in some countries. In the UK, Parliament consists of politicians elected to the House of Commons and members of the House of Lords Most of the seats in Parliament are won by the main political parties.
účast n C /ˈtɜː(r)naʊt/ the number of voters in an election We’re expecting quite a low turnout for the local elections.
zděšený adj /ˈhɒrɪfaɪd/ very shocked or frightened Police were horrified to discover a child’s body in the empty building.
červenat se * v /blʌʃ/ if you blush, your cheeks become red because you feel embarrassed or ashamed ‘A few of the girls were after me,’ he recalled, blushing slightly.
reklama; inzerát n C /æd/ an advertisement He put an ad in the local paper.
symbolizovat; znamenat v /ˈstænd fɔː(r)/ to try to get chosen in an election for a particular position or as a member of a particular institution. In American English, you say that someone runs for office She is intending to stand for Parliament.
(be ~) stydět se; ostýchat se ** adj /əˈʃeɪmd/ feeling guilty or embarrassed because you have done something wrong, or think that you have not reached a standard that people expect He’s extremely ashamed of his behaviour last night.
realismus * n U /ˈrɪəˌlɪz(ə)m/ the ability to accept events and situations as they really are and to deal with them in a practical way Though a romantic at heart, she had a strong streak of realism.