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Flashcards in Unit 6 Deck (30):
0

A key principle of the economic theory of communism is?

Government ownership of property

1

The purpose of the Marshall plan was to?

Provide for economic recovery in Western Europe

2

Truman doctrine, Marshall plan, Berlin blockade, NATO, Korean War, and Warsaw Pact were events that are associated with?

The Cold War

3

During the Cold War period, which two nations were divided into communist and noncommunist parts?

Vietnam and Korea

4

What is the iron curtain and who coined the term?

Ideological barrier that divided Eastern and Western Europe during the Cold War: Winston Churchill

5

What is one similarity between the reign of terror during the French Revolution and the cultural revolution in China?

Used violent methods to eliminate their opponents.

6

Berlin airlift, Cuban missile crisis, and nuclear arms race are associated with?

The Cold War

7

U.S. and the Soviet Union competed against each other in what ways?

Economically, militarily, and ideological

8

True or false- The battle against terrorism will be long and difficult.

True

9

In Iran, both the revolution of 1979 and the rise of Islamic fundamentalism have caused what to clash against each other?

Tensions between traditionalism and modernization to continue.

10

What is containment and what is an example of it?

U.S policy of attempting to restrict Soviet power and influence around the world by preventing the spread of communism; naval blockade of Cuba.

11

True or false- By 1980, most African nations had become independent

True

12

What was the event that ended the Cold War in 1989?

Berlin Wall

13

What was the goal of perestroika and glasnost have on the Soviet Union?

Stimulate economic growth and political discussion.

14

Israel is created, Six-Day War, and withdrawal from the Westbank is associated with?

Conflict between Israelis and Palestinians.

15

Define Aparheid

System of racial separation in South Africa, designed to create a fully segregated society.

16

Who is Nelson Mandela?

Leader imprisoned for speaking out against apartheid. After being released from prison, he became South Africa's first black president, and kept the country together under majority rule.

17

Iran and North Korea has worldwide attention due to what?

Nuclear capabilities

18

What does South Africa face after it becomes an independent nation?

Racial policies carried out by the ruling minority

19

What is the primary goal of the student protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989?

Increase political freedom and rights in China.

20

What was an important effect of the independence of the Indian subcontinent after British rule?

Religious differences led to the division of the colony into India and Pakistan.

21

What approach did Mohandas Gandhi follow to achieve political independence of India?

Passive resistance to show the unjust of British rule.

22

Define genocide. Give an example

Systematic killing of a group of people; Rwandan, holocaust, Armenians

23

In what ways have advancements in technology affect modern society?

More interdependent global society

24

How did WWII contribute to the development of the Cold War?

War left the soviet union and the U.S. with conflicting political and economic systems as the world's two superpowers.

25

What was the immediate impact of the end of WWII?

Wartime cooperation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union turned into a rivalry over the future of Europe.

26

How did Mao Zedong achieve his power grab?

Guerrilla warfare

27

How were Chinese communists able to attain power on mainland China in 1949?

Peasants

28

Define globalization

Creation of a global economy and society through improved communication, transportation, and trade

29

True or false- Lenin and Mao Zedong believe violence and other harsh measures are often necessary to achieve class change.

True