Unit 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7 Deck (50):
1

berate

vt. to scold or condemn vehemently and at length (长时间)严厉指责

2

full-bodied

adj. having importance, significance, or meaningfulness 重要的
adj. having richness and intensity of flavor or aroma 味道浓烈的

3

heresy

n. a controversial or unorthodox opinion or doctrine, departure from a generally accepted theory, opinion, or practice 异教/和普遍观点相悖的说法

4

rakish

adj. having or showing lowered moral character or standards; dissolute 放荡的/行为不检点的

5

implicit

adj. capable of being understood from something else though unexpressed 不言而喻的/心照不宣的
adj. being without doubt or reserve 无疑问的/无保留的

6

barrage

n. a heavy curtain of artillery fire directed in front of friendly troops to protect them 弹幕
n. an overwhelming, concentrated outpouring, as of words 有压倒之势的/集中的倾泻(如言语)
v. to attack with a rapid or overwhelming outpouring of many things at once (同时)袭来

7

emaciate

vt. to cause to lose flesh so as to become very thin 使消瘦/使衰弱
vt. to make feeble 削弱

8

germane

adj. being at once relevant and appropriate 有关的/适当的

9

nefarious

adj. flagrantly wicked or impious 极坏的/邪恶的

10

propensity

n. an often intense natural inclination or preference 倾向/癖好

11

prostrate

adj./vt. lying flat or at full length 平躺(的)/使平躺
adj./v. 衰弱的/使衰竭

12

reconnoiter

vt. to make a preliminary inspection of, especially in order to gather military information 侦查/勘查

13

surly

adj. irritably sullen and churlish in mood or manner 脾气不好的

14

agape

adj. having or showing signs of eagerly awaiting something 急切盼望的

15

exhort

vt. to urge by strong, often stirring argument, admonition, advice, or appeal 敦促/力促

16

sermon

n. public speech usually by a member of the clergy for the purpose of giving moral guidance or uplift 布道/说教

17

scrap

n. discarded or useless material 废料/废物
vt. to get rid of as useless or unwanted 抛弃
vt. to put an end to (something planned or previously agreed to) 终止/放弃原计划

18

edifice

n. a large or massive structure 大厦/大建筑物
n. the arrangement of parts that gives something its basic form 基础/基本框架

19

gorge

n. a narrow steep-walked canyon or part of a canyon 峡谷
v. to eat greedily or to repletion 狼吞虎咽

20

plumb

vt. to measure the depth of (as a body of water) typically with a weighted line 测深度
adj. exactly vertical 垂直的
adj. having no exceptions or restrictions 完全的/绝对的
vt. to examine closely or deeply 仔细深入地检查/探索/探究

21

bedeck

vt. to make more attractive by adding something that is beautiful or becoming 装饰/点缀

22

mangy

adj. mean; contemptible 卑劣的

23

raspy

adj. harsh and dry in sound 声音刺耳的
adj. easily irritated or annoyed 容易生气的

24

wince

vi. to shrink back involuntarily as from pain 畏缩

25

groggy

adj. weak and unsteady on the feet or inaction 虚弱的/(走路)不稳的
adj. not able to think or move normally because of being tired, sick, etc. 无法思考的/头脑不清的

26

obsequious

adj. marked by or exhibiting a fawning attentiveness 谄媚的/奴性的

27

jaundice

n. to affect with the negativity or bitterness of jaundice; bias (因嫉妒或厌世而产生的)偏见

28

lash

n. a hard strike with a part of the body or an instrument 击打
v. to strike against with force or violence 猛击/撞击
vt. to bind with or as if with a line 捆扎

29

pandemonium

n. wild uproar or noise 喧嚣/骚动

30

scintillate

vi. to emit sparks 闪耀

31

lampoon

n. a harsh satire usually directed against an individual 讽刺

32

torpid

adj. lacking in sensation or feeling 麻木的/没有知觉的
adj. slow to move or act 迟钝的/行动迟缓的

33

capitulate

v. to give up all resistance; acquiesce; yield 投降/默许

34

salve

v. quiet, assuage 减轻/缓解

35

opprobrious

adj. expressing contemptuous reproach; scornful or abusive 辱骂的
adj. bringing disgrace; shameful or infamous 臭名昭著的/令人鄙视的

36

graft

vt. to implant (living tissue) surgically or as if surgically 移植/移接

37

castigate

vt. to criticize harshly and usually publicly 强烈(公开)指责
vt. to inflict a penalty on for a fault or crime 惩罚

38

constringe

vt. to make narrow or draw together 使紧缩

39

defile

n. a narrow passage or gorge (山间)小道
vt. to treat (a sacred place or object) shamefully or with great disrespect 亵渎
vt. to make unfit for use by the addition of something harmful or undesirable 使腐坏/污损

40

lambaste

vt. to scold sharply; berate 严厉斥责

41

prude

n. a person who is greatly concerned with seemly behavior and morality especially regarding sexual matters 过分正经的人/一个过分关心自己是否得体,谦逊,或正确的人

42

sepulchral

adj. causing or marked by an atmosphere lacking in cheer; funereal 阴沉的/丧葬的

43

hidebound

adj. tending to favor established ideas, conditions, or institutions 死板的/极度保守的

44

ethereal

adj. resembling air in lightness, highly refined; delicate 轻巧精致的
adj. of, relating to, or suggesting heaven 天国的
adj. not of this world; spiritual; not composed of matter 非物质的/精神(上)的

45

shopworn

adj. worn-out, as from overuse: trite 陈旧的

46

encumber

vt. to impede or hamper the function or activity of 阻碍/妨碍
vt. to place a weight or burden on 给。。增添负担

47

dashing

adj. inclined or willing to take risks 爱好冒险的/大胆的

48

fretful

adj. inclined to be vexed or troubled 易怒的/烦躁的

49

vignette

n. a vivid representation in words of someone or something 简介/短文

50

galvanize

vt. to stimulate or excite as if by an electric shock (好似用电击)刺激