What is Memory?
Infomation that has been stored and can be retrieved.
What is Encoding?
The processing of information in the memory system.
What is Automatic Processing?
Multitasking that goes on without conscious thought.
What is Parallel Processing?
Doing many things at once.
What is Effortful Processing?
Remembering infomation with effort and attention.
What is Rehearsal?
Who was Herman Ebbinghaus and what did he do?
German philosopher: Created nonsense lists to measure the amount of infomation remembered.
What did Herman Ebbinghaus' lists lead him to discover?
The amount remembered depends on the time spent learning, and additional rehearsal increases retention.
What is Spacing Effect?
We retain infomation better when our rehearsal is distributed over time.
What is Serial Position Effect?
It is easier to remember the earliest items in a list.
What is the Recency Effect?
Remembering what you did last.
What is the Primacy Effect?
Remembering what you did or said first.
What is Visual Encoding?
Encoding picture images.
What is Imagery?
Words that lend themselves to concrete images are easiest to remember.
What is Mnemonic?
Used to remember lengthy passages and speeches.
What is a Peg Word System?
Using a rhyme like one bun, two shoe.
What is Chunking?
We more easily recall infomation when we can organize it into manageable chunks.