Unit 7 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7 Part 1 Deck (20):
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Animal Kingdom

Multicellular, Eukaryotic, Heterotrophic organisms.

1

Plant Kingdom

Multicellular, Eukaryotic, Autotrophic organisms.

2

Fungi Kingdom

Multicellular & Unicellular, Eukaryotic, Heterotrophic organisms.

3

Protista Kingdom

Unicellular, Autotrophic, Heterotrophic, Eukaryotic organisms.

4

Archaea Kingdom

Chemosynthetic prokaryotes that live in harsh environments.

5

Eubacteria Kingdom

Prokaryotes with strong cell walls and a variety of structures. Autotrophic an Heterotrophic.

6

Anatomical Structure

A particular complex part of a living thing.

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Fossil Evidence

Proof that organisms long ago.

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Common Descent

Organisms that have similar ancestors.

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Biological Adaptation

The adjustment of an organism to its environment, or the process by which it enhances its fitness.

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Comparative Anatomy

The study of similarities and differences among the physical make up of living things.

11

Phylogenic Tree

The diagram showing evolutionary relationships among a group of living things.

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Structural Specialization

A change in a body part to a particular function or of an organism for life in a particular environment.

13

Binomial Nomenclature

Two word system developed by Carolus Linnaeuse to name species.

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Classification

Grouping of objects or information based on similarities.

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Taxonomy

Branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their plasma membranes or in their nuclei for specific endocrine hormones.

16

Biodiversity

Variety of life in an area; usually measured as the number of species that live in one area.

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Species

Group of organisms can interbreed the produce fertile offspring in nature.

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Embryo

Earliest stage of growth and development of both plants and animals; differences and similarities among embryos can provide evidence of evolution.

19

Cladogram

Branching diagram that models the phylogeny of a species based on the derived traits of a group of organisms.