Unit 7 Vocab Part One (late 1800s-1930s) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7 Vocab Part One (late 1800s-1930s) Deck (26):
1

Yellow journalism

exaggerated events, Hearst and Pulitzer fueled warfare + cause of Spanish-American war
ex: De Lome Letter, increased tension

2

1898 Treaty of Paris

ended Spanish-American war with negotiation of land

3

Causes of Spanish-American War

-"Yellow journalism," sinking of USS Maine (Spain was blamed), Teller Amendment, De Lôme Letter

4

Teller Amendment

promised independence to Cuba, justified US war effort

5

Platt Amendment

seven conditions to get US troops out of Cuba

6

Schenck v US

Espionage Act upheld, prevented use of mail to intervene w/ war efforts
Schenck mailed leaflets opposing draft, couldn't continue

7

League of Nations

peacekeeping organization est. after WW1, dispute without war, Wilson's ideas BUT US never joined

8

Open Door Policy

John Hay, ALL nations have equal opp. to any Chinese port open to trade-no China consent, imperialism

9

Fourteen Points

Wilson prin. for world peace: open diplomacy, freedom of seas, creation of organization (later League of Nations), self-determination

10

Big Stick Diplomacy

Roosevelt, promoted US interests peacefully but threatened with "big stick"

11

Dollar Diplomacy

Taft, strengthen US ties promoting US trade, less militaristic, etc.

12

The "lost generation"

didn't like US society anymore in 1920s, caused people such as Sinclair Lewis/ F. Scott to move to EU

13

Kellogg-Briand Pact

sixty-two nations pledged to not use war as instrument of policy-if US, Germany or France broke they wouldn't get benefits

14

National Origins Act

quotas to restrict flow of EU immigrants

15

War Industries Board

coordinated purchase of war supplies for WW1

16

Selective Service Act

made every adult male register for the draft at age of 18, helped US entry into WW1

17

Dawes Plan

Ease financial crisis in EU

18

Arabic Pledge, Sussex Pledge

no sinking of passenger/merchant ships w/o warning

19

Pacho Villa

killed many Americans in Mexico, US sent John Pershing to capture but he never did

20

Roosevelt Corollary

added to Monroe Doctrine, obstructed EU military intervention, assumed US right to "an international police power"

21

Zimmerman Telegram

Germany sec Zimmerman asked Mexico to attack US, rep. direct threat, hastened US entry into WW1

22

Lusitania

sunk by German u-boat, caused US to enter WW1 against Germans

23

Harlem Renaissance

black artistic and literary creativity in Harlem district of Manhattan

24

Flappers

challenged views of women, flaunted sexuality in public

25

Palmer Raids

disregarded basic civil liberties, against suspected communists/anarchists

26

1920s fundmentalism

liberal inter. of Bible
Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes convicted of teaching evolution, shows conflict in fundamentalism/modernism