Unit 8, Characteristics and Hierarchy of Life (8.1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 8, Characteristics and Hierarchy of Life (8.1) Deck (15):
1

Characteristics of living things (7)

1. All living things are composed of cells.
2. Living things possess differing levels of complexity (For example, a cell has a membrane. This is only one complex part of a cell. Cells have ribosomes for making proteins, another part.)
3. Living things use e in metabolic processes.
4. Living things respond to their environment,
5. All living things adapt to the environment.
6. All organisms reproduce to keep the lineage going.
7. All organisms grow and develop.

2

This is the basic unit of life. (Either Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic.)

Cells

3

These are composed from cells with common structure and function.

Tissues

4

This functional structure is a collection of similar tissues working together.

Organs

5

These are composed of organs working together. (There are 11 systems in animals.)

Organ Systems

6

This when all the organ systems are working together to create a multi-cellular organism. (This is a great example of Emergent Properties.)

Organism

7

A group of the same species, in the same place, at the same time, and showing signs of reproduction.

Population

8

A group of interacting populations in the same area at the same time.

Community

9

Groups of interacting communities all experiencing common aboitic factors.

Ecosystem

10

The entire part of the planet that can support life.

Biosphere

11

He is considered the Father of Taxonomy. Taxonomy is the Science of species classification. There were originally only two Kingdoms in his system: Plantae & Animalia.

Carolus Linnaeus

12

Linnaeus' system uses _____ _______. (This term means “Two name Naming system”.)

Binomial Nomenclature

13

Rules of Binomial Nomenclature

1. The Genus name is written first and has a capitalized first letter.
2. The Species name is written second and is not capitalized.
3. The whole name is written in Latin and italicized. Latin is used because Latin is considered a “dead” language. Therefore, the meaning of words will NOT change over time.

14

The levels of classification are called

taxons

15

Acronym for remembering levels of classification

Dominating King Phillip Came Over For Green Salad