Unit 8- Neurology, Psychology, Anesthesiology, and Vascular Terminology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 8- Neurology, Psychology, Anesthesiology, and Vascular Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8- Neurology, Psychology, Anesthesiology, and Vascular Terminology Deck (203):
1

neur/o

nerve or neuron

2

angi/o

vessel

3

my/o

muscle

4

arteri/o

artery

5

thromb/o

clot

6

phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o

vein

7

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

8

ather/o

fatty or porridgelike

9

blast/o

germ or embryonic cell; gives rise to something else

10

spasm/o

involuntary contraction

11

scler/o

hard

12

lys/o

breaking down, destruction

13

fibr/o

fibrous, fiber

14

neurology

specialty that studies the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system

15

nervous

pertaining to nerves

16

neurosurgeon

highly skilled physician specially trained to perform surgery on structures of the nervous system

17

myoblast

embryonic muscle cell

18

neuroblast

embryonic nerve cell

19

angioblast

germ cell from which vessels develop

20

neurospasm

spasm of a nerve

21

myospasm

spasm of a muscle

22

angiospasm

spasm of a vessel

23

arteriospasm

arterial spasm

24

gastrospasm

gastric spasm

25

gastromalacia

softening of the stomach walls

26

myopathy

generalized disease condition of the muscles

27

angiopathy

generalized disease condition of the vessels

28

neuropathy

generalized disease condition of the nerves

29

angiosclerosis

hardening of a vessel

30

myosclerosis

hardening of a muscle tissue

31

neurologist

specialist who studies nervous system disorders

32

neuritis

inflammation of a nerve

33

myoma

muscle tumor

34

neuroma

nerve tumor

35

angioma

vessel tumor

36

fibroma

fibrous tumor

37

neurolysis

destruction of nerve tissue

38

myolysis

destruction of muscle tissue

39

angiolysis

destruction or breaking down of vessels

40

neuralgia

pain along course of a nerve

41

neuroarthropathy

disease of nerves and joints

42

neuritis

inflammation of a nerve

43

neuroplasty

surgical repair of nerves

44

afferent

inflowing, toward a center, to bring to

45

efferent

outflowing, away from a center, to carry away

46

affect

to have influence upon, change mood, thoughts, or actions

47

effect

the result or consequence of an action

48

affusion

pouring upon

49

effusion

escaping of fluid or blood from its normal place

50

accept

include, bring toward

51

except

exclude, keep away

52

neurotripsy

surgical crushing of a nerve

53

-tripsy

crushing (usually by rubbing or grinding)
massaging

54

tripsis

Can be carried to point of crushing or grinding

55

lithotripsy

surgical crushing of stones as in bladder or ureters

56

ultrasonic lithotripsy

fragmenting stones in kidney by therapeutic ultrasound

57

myeloblast

bone marrow germ cell

58

myelocytic

pertaining to myelocytes

59

myelocele

herniation of the spinal cord

60

-plasia

Condition of growth or development
Used to indicate a change in the form of a structure or an abnormal number of cells

61

dysplasia

poor or defective development

62

hyperplasia

overgrowth, too much growth

63

aplasia

lack of development

64

myelodysplasia

defective formation of spinal cord

65

hypoplasia

underdevelopment or not enough cells

66

chondrodysplasia

defective formation of cartilage

67

osteochondrodysplasia

defective formation of bone and cartilage

68

neuromyelitis

inflammation of nerves and spinal cord

69

psych/o

mind

70

psychology

study of the mind, mental processes, and human behavior

71

psychoanalysis

analysis of mental and emotional state for treatment

72

psychosomatic

physical illness caused by mental factor

73

psychosis

severe mental condition marked by loss of contact with reality and having delusions or hallucinations

74

psychoneurosis/ neurosis

emotional and behavioral disorder
manifested by anxiety, phobias, and defense mechanisms
ex: OCD

75

psychotropic

medication that alters mind and emotions

76

psychomotor

mental processes that cause movement

77

psychoneurosis/ neurosis

emotional and behavioral disorder
manifested by anxiety, phobias, and defense mechanisms
ex: OCD, phobias, etc.

78

psychosexual

mental disorder related to sexual function

79

motor

movement

80

motor neuron

neuron that innervates a muscle and causes movement

81

pharmac/o

drugs or medicine

82

neuropharmacology

study of drugs that affect the nervous system

83

psychopharmacology

study of drugs that act on mind and emotions
ex: antidepressants, tranquilizers, sedatives, etc.

84

pharmacist

licensed to dispense prescription and nonprescription medications from a pharmacy

85

narc/o

sleep

86

narcotic

drug that produces sleep and pain relief
ex: opium, codeine, morphine

87

narcosis

condition induced by narcotics

88

epilepsy

seizure disorders

89

-lepsy

seizure

90

narcolepsy

seizure or attacks of sleep
unable to stay awake

91

lipolysis

destruction/breakdown of fats

92

cytolysis

destruction/breakdown of cells

93

arteri/o

arteries

94

arteriosclerosis (AS)

hardening of the arteries

95

arteriofibrosis

fibrous condition of the arteries

96

arteriomalacia

softening of the arteries

97

atherosclerosis

hardening of blood vessels due to fatty deposits

98

atherosclerosis

hardening of blood vessels due to fatty deposits
occurs primarily in medium to large blood vessels
can lead to heart attack or stroke

99

atherectomy, endarterectomy

excision of an atheroma
usually carotid artery

100

atherosclerotic coronary artery disease

most common cause of angina pectoris

101

angina pectoris

not enough oxygen to meet demand of heart muscle

102

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

103

hemangioma

benign tumor of blood vessel

104

hemangioblast

embryonic blood vessel cell

105

hemarthrosis

condition of blood in a joint

106

hematolysis, hemolysis

destruction of blood cells

107

hematophobia

abnormal fear of blood

108

hematology

study of blood

109

hematologist

one who specializes in science of blood

110

hemoglobin

red protein substance in erythrocytes that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide
normal range= 12-14 g/dL of blood for wormen

111

hemoglobin

red protein substance in erythrocytes that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide
normal range= 12-14 g/dL of blood for wormen

112

hematocrit

measures percent of formed elements (blood cells) compared to total volume of blood
(36%-45% is normal)

113

thromb/o

blood clot

114

thromboangiitis

inflammation of a vessel with formation of a blood clot

115

thrombectomy

excision of a clot

116

thrombus

clot
plural=thrombi

117

lymph/o

lymphatic tissue

118

thrombolymphangitis

inflammation of a lymph vessel with formation of a thrombus

119

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein with thrombus formation

120

thrombosis

condition of forming a thrombus

121

thrombocyte

cell that aids clotting
platelet

122

thromboid

resembling a thrombus

123

thrombogenic

pertaining to the formation of a thrombus

124

thrombolysis

destruction of a thrombus

125

thrombocytopenia

lack of cells that aid in clotting

126

occlusion

block in a vessel

127

embolus

moving thrombus

128

myocardial infarction (MI)

if an artery of the heart muscle is occluded and an area of tissue has no blood supply

129

cerebral infarction

artery supplying the cerebrum is occluded
could cause CVA stroke

130

phlebosclerosis

hardening of veins

131

phlebectomy

excision of a vein

132

phlebopexy

surgical fixation of a vein

133

-ectasia

dilation/dilatation

134

phlebectasia

venous dilation

135

arteriectasia

arterial dilation

136

angiectasia

vessel dilation

137

phleboplasty

surgical repair of a vein

138

phlebotomy

incision into a vein or venipuncture

139

venipuncture

puncture of a vein to obtain a venous blood sample

140

-rrhexis

rupture

141

hysterorrhexis

rupture of the uterus

142

cystorrhexis

rupture of the bladder

143

enterorrhexis

rupture of the small intestine

144

cardiorrhexis

rupture of the heart

145

angiorrhexis

rupture of a vessel

146

arteriorrhexis

rupture of an artery

147

phleborrhexis

rupture of a vein

148

angioplasty

repair of a vessel

149

angiography

process of obtaining an x-ray of a vessel

150

angioscopy

process of using a looking device to examine a vessel

151

angiogram

image of a vessel

152

phleboplasty

repair of a vein

153

phlebography

process of obtaining an x-ray of a vein

154

metrorrhexis, hysterorrhexis

rupture of tissues of uterus

155

hepatorrhexis

rupture of the liver

156

hepatorrhaphy

suturing of the liver

157

hepatorrhea

excessive discharge of bile from liver

158

cystorrhexis

rupture of the bladder

159

cystorrhagia

hemorrhage from the bladder

160

cystorrhea

discharge from the bladder

161

cystorraphy

suturing of the bladder

162

esthesia

feeling or sensation

163

esthesiometer

instrument used to measure the amount of sensation

164

anesthetist

person who administers anesthetic agents

165

anesthesiology

science of studying the administration of anesthetics

166

algesia, hyperesthesia

oversensitivity to pain

167

algesimeter

instrument used to measure pain

168

dysesthesia

difficult or painful sensation

169

hypoesthesia

below normal ability to feel (touch)

170

paralgesia, paralgia

abnormal pain

171

paraplegia

paralysis of lower body

172

para-

beside, beyond, near, abnormal

173

paranephritis

inflammation near the kidney

174

parahepatitis

inflammation near the liver

175

paramedic

Works beside a physician assisting in rescue operation
EMT with advanced training

176

parasalpingitis

inflammation near the fallopian tubes

177

paraosteoarthropathy

disease near a bone and joint

178

paraosteoarthropathy

disease near a bone and joint

179

paralysis

loss of muscle function and sensation

180

sympathetic nervous system

sends signals to body to prepare for fight or flight with danger is either near or perceived

181

parasympathetic nervous system

returns body to normal resting state

182

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

waking in the night with difficulty breathing

183

my/o

muscle

184

myogram

tracing

185

myograph

instrument

186

myography

process

187

myasthenia gravis

condition of the muscles

188

kinesi/o

movement

189

rhabd/o

rod shaped

190

myofibroma, leiomyoma uteri, fibroid tumor of uterine muscle

fibrous muscle tumor

191

rhabdomy/o

striated muscle

192

leiomy/o

smooth muscle

193

myocardi/o

cardiac muscle

194

myoid

resembling muscle

195

myolipoma

muscle tumor containing fatty elements

196

myopathy

muscle disease

197

cardiomyopathy or myocardiopathy

heart muscle disease

198

rhabdomyoblast

abnormal rod-shaped muscle stem cell

199

electromyography (EMG)

uses both surface and needle electrodes for recording muscle activity

200

electroneuromyography

measures nerve function.

201

bradykinesia

slowness of movement

202

kinesialgia

pain on movement, movement pain

203

kinesiology

study of muscular body movement