Unit 8 Vocab Part One (late 1930s-early 1960s) Flashcards Preview

APUSH Review > Unit 8 Vocab Part One (late 1930s-early 1960s) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8 Vocab Part One (late 1930s-early 1960s) Deck (26):
1

Good Neighbor Policy

FDR, American troops out of foreign nations (esp Latin America)

2

Neutrality Act of 1935

prohibited arms shipments and US travel on ships of belligerent nations

3

Neutrality Act of 1936

forbade loan and credit extension to belligerent nations

4

Neutrality Act of 1937

arms shipments not used in Spanish Civil War

5

Neutrality Act of 1939

"cash-and-carry" basis for EU dem buying American war materials

6

Lend-Lease Agreement

FDR authorized sale of surplus military equip while still being neutral

7

Executive Order 9066

allowed internment camps to be set up to exclude residents seen as threat

8

Dixiecrats

southern dem who seceded from party in 1948 in opp to its policy of extending civil rights

9

Youngstown Sheet/Tube v. Sawyer

sc decision that limited the power of the President

10

Fair Deal (Truman)

domestic reform policies, included civil rights legislation

11

NSC 86

top secret policy paper, presented to Truman, one of most important American policy statements in the Cold War

12

Munich Agreement (1938)

permitted Nazi Germany's annexation of certain parts of Czechoslovakia

13

Atlantic Charter

Churchill & FDR, promote democracy and intentions for improvement post WW2

14

Korematsu v US

relocation of Japanese Americans during WW2, raised constitutionality of their internment as a wartime necessity

15

Manhattan Project

developed first nuclear weapons during WW2, led by US w support of Canada and UK

16

War Productions Board

supervised war production during WW2, FDR established it

17

Zoot Suit Riots

series of brutal attacks, aimed toward Mexican-American teens involved in gangs

18

Yalta Conference

Big 3 (FDR, Churchill, Stalin), dealt w/ postwar occupation and partition of Germany

19

United Nations

replaced the League of Nations, new international peacekeeping organization, US joined which signaled end of isolationism

20

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization- defended dem nations of Western EU by using "collective security"

21

Warsaw Pact

communist alliance that the USSR led against NATO

22

Truman Doctrine

speech about military and economic aid to nations "at risk" of falling

23

"containment"/ George Kennan

official US policy toward communism, idea that US must prevent spread of communism

24

Marshall Plan

American initiative to aid Western Europe

25

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

American citizens who spied for the Soviet Union, they were later executed

26

U-2 incident

spy plan caught over the Soviet Union, embarrassed the US