Unit 9: Civil War and Reconstruction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 9: Civil War and Reconstruction Deck (25):
1

Compromise

An agreement reached by the changing of opposing claims.

2

Union

The name of the northern government supported by the free states.

3

Confederacy

The name of the southern government supported by the slave states.

4

Federal Power

Power surrendered by the individual and state to a central authority.

5

States Rights

Rights given to states directly or indirectly by the Constitution.

6

Abolitionism

The principles behind ending slavery.

7

Sectionalism

Loyalty to the interests of ones own region of the country.

8

Colonial Slavery

Slaves first brought to the colonies in Jamestown by Dutch traders.

9

"All men are created equal"

Phrase in the Declaration of Independence that contradicts slavery.

10

3/5th Compromise

An agreement between the Northern and Southern states to count slaves as 3/5ths of a person for population counts.

11

Missouri Compromise

An agreement between Northern and Southern states where Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36°30′N, except in Missouri.

12

Bleeding Kansas

A series of violent political confrontations between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups in Kansas over whether Kansas would be a free or slave state.

13

Kansas-Nebraska Act

An act that created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing territories to choose whether they would have slaves or not.

14

Fugitive Slave Act

Part of the Compromise of 1850 that declared that all slaves, upon capture, were to be returned to their masters, even if in free states.

15

Raid on Harper's Ferry

An assault by John Brown on a federal armory to provide weapons to slaves. 11 people were killed and it sparked public debate over the slave issue.

16

Lincoln-Douglas Debate

Debate between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas over the Illinois senate seat that brought the slave debate to higher levels and launched Lincoln towards the Presidency, even though he lost the senate seat.

17

Election of 1860

The South threatened to secede if Abraham Lincoln won the election, because the South were afraid he would ban slavery. Lincoln was elected and seven states seceded, followed by more.

18

Dred Scott

A court case that ruled that no black, free or slave, could have rights of a citizen. It further angered abolitionists.

19

Abraham Lincoln

16th president of the United States that supported abolitionism and led the Union through the Civil War.

20

13th Amendment

bans slavery throughout the US

21

14th Amendment

Gives citizenship to all persons born in the US and guarantees equal protection of the laws

22

15th Amendment

Forbids any state to deny African Americans the right to vote because of their race

23

popular sovereignty

term that means people have the right to create, alter, or abolish their government

24

secede

to leave

25

Reconstruction

the process of rebuilding the United States after the Civil War