Unit 9 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 9 Vocabulary Deck (31):
1

A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.

Instinct

2

The idea that a psychological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need

Drive reduction theory

3

A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state regulation of any aspect of body chemistry such as blood glucose around a particular area

Homeostasis

4

A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

Incentive

5

The principle that performance increases with arousal only up to a point, beyond which performance decreases

Yerkes-Dodson law

6

Maslow's pyramid of human needs beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and the psychological needs become active

Hierarchy of needs

7

The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for the body tissues. when it's level is low we feel hunger

Glucose

8

The point at which an individual's weight thermostat is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight

Set point

9

The body's resting rate of energy expenditure

Basal metabolic rate

10

The four stages of sexual responding described by masters and Johnson-- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution

Sexual response cycle

11

A period of inactivity after a neuron is fired (2) a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another

Refractory period

12

A problem that consistently in tears sexual arousal or functioning

Sexual dysfunction

13

Sex hormones such as estradiol secreted in greater amounts by females than in males and contributing to female sex characteristics

Estrogens

14

The most important of the male sex hormones. males and females have it but the additional in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty

Testosterone

15

A response of the whole organism involving physiological arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience

Emotion

16

The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli

James-Lange theory

17

Emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological responses and subjective experience of emotion

Cannon-Bard theory

18

Schachter-singer theory that to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal

Two factor theory

19

A machine commonly used in attempt to detect lies that measures several of the physiological responses such as perspiration cardiovascular and breathing changes accompanying emotion

Polygraph

20

The tendency of facial muscle states to trigger corresponding feeling such as fear anger or happiness

Facial feedback effect

21

Subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

Health psychology

22

The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events called stressors that we appraise as threatening or challenging

Stress

23

Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three phases; alarm resistance exhaustion

General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

24

Under stress, people especially women often provide support to others (tend) and bond with and seek support from others (befriend)

Tend and befriend response

25

Literally mind-body illness; any stress related physical illness such as hypertension and some headaches

Psychological illness

26

The study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect in the immune system and resulting health

Psychoneuroimmunology

27

The two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system; the B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight off bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue, and attack cancer cells viruses and foreign substances

Lymphocytes

28

The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries

Coronary heart disease

29

Friedman and Roseman's terms for competitive hard-driving inpatient verbally aggressive and anger prone people

Type A

30

Friedman and Richmans term for easy-going relaxed people

Type B

31

A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.

Motivation