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Flashcards in Unit Test Two Deck (130):
1

What is the normal temperature for newborns?

98.2

2

What is the normal temperature for a 1 year old?

99.7

3

What is the normal temperature for 6 and up to adult?

98.6

4

What is the temperature for a normal senior citizen over the age of 70?

96.8

5

Temperature to be considered a fever for an adult (Rectal, Temporal, ear temp)?

Over 100.4

6

Temperature to be considered a fever for an adult (oral temp)?

99.5

7

Temperature to be considered a fever for (axillary temp/armpit)?

98.6

8

Temperature to be considered normal for an adult (Rectal, Temporal, earth temp, oral)?

98.6

9

Temperature for a normal adult (Axillary Temp)?

97.6

10

What is continuous fever?

Rises and falls during 24 hour period, fluctuates (less than 3 degrees)

11

What is an intermittent fever?

Elevated normal levels

12

What is a remittances fever?

Fever fluctuates considerably 3 degrees higher and more, never returns to normal (over 3 degrees)

13

What is a febrile illness?

Illness with a fever

14

What is pyrexia?

Only means fever

15

Where is your radial pulse?

Wrist

16

Where is your brachial pulse?

Arm

17

Where is your carotid pulse?

Neck

18

Where is your femoral pulse?

Thigh

19

Where is your pedal pulse?

On top of foot

20

Where is your temporal pulse?

Head

21

Where is your popiteal pulse?

Behind the knee

22

Where is your apical pulse?

Apex of

23

What is the normal pulse for adolescence(12) to adult?

60 to 100

24

What is the average pulse or adolescence(12) to adult?

80

25

What is the normal pulse for a newborn baby?

120 to 160

26

What is the average pulse for a newborn baby?

140

27

What is the rate?

Number of heartbeats in the time you listen

28

What is rhythm?

Between pulse beats

29

What is an intermittent pulse?

A pulse that elevates

30

What is volume?

Strong pulse

31

What is a thready pulse?

Means weak, disappears with slight pressure (1)

32

What is a bounding pulse?

Strong pulse (3)

33

What is a normal pulse?

A normal pulse (2)

34

Should a doctor tell you their taking your respiration?

No, they should not

35

What is the normal breathing rate for adolescence to adult?

12-20 breaths per minute

36

What is the average breaths for adolescence to adult?

16

37

What time do you can’t for respirations?

Count for 30 seconds multiply by 2

38

What is the normal blood pressure for an adult?

120 over 80

39

What is the average blood pressure for an adult?

140

40

What is the blood pressure for hypertension?

130 over 80

41

How do you get over high blood pressure stage 1?

Reduce stress and lose weight

42

How do you get rid of stage 2 high blood pressure? (Greater than 160)

Try diahrettic and drug combination

43

Which way do you turn to loosen blood pressure knob?

Turn to the left

44

Which way do you turn the knob to make it tight?

Turn to the right

45

Why might blood pressure not be taken right?

Not losing it all the way, not to tight, stethoscope thumb might be on top

46

What goes on top of blood pressure first? What is the first thump?

Systolic

47

What goes on the bottom of blood pressure? What is the second thump?

Diastolic

48

What is 1 kilogram in pounds?

2.2 pounds

49

What is 1 pound in kilograms?

0.45 kilograms

50

What are some cardiac symptoms?

Shortness of breath fatigue, shoulder pain, blue lips

51

What should a MA do when they see these symptoms happen to a patient?

First sit them down, loosen their clothing, ask them about their medical history, take vital signs, hook them up to an ECG

52

If somone is able to breathe and speak but is choking what should I do?

Nothing

53

What does CVA mean?

Cerebra Vascualr Accident

54

What does CVA mean?

Stroke

55

What are some symptoms of stroke?

Slurred speech, visual disturbance, week on one side of body, headache, droopy on one side of face

56

What should an MA do to somone who is having a stroke?

Lay them down, knees bent, turn their head to the right, arm supporting head, call EMS

57

What are some examples of shock?

Trauma, witnessing accident, being in incident

58

What does a patient look like who has had shock?

Pale, blue dilated pupils, weak rapid pulse, hypotension, lethargic, rapid breaths

59

What are some ways you can be poisoned?

Food, inhalation, absorption, injection

60

What are some symptoms of food poisoning?

Nausea/Vomiting, shallow breathing, dizziness, consciousness, drowsiness, change in skin color, stomach cramps

61

What should you do if somone is poisoned?

Call poison control

62

Right when somone is poisoned should you make it gem throw it back up before asking poison control?

No

63

What should you do if you get an animal bite?

Cleanse wood, use antibacterial soap, take tetanus shot, check for infection

64

What’s worse a dog bite or an human bite?

Human Bite

65

What are some symptoms of a insect/bug bite?

Rough cough, itching around eyes, hives, dyspan, hypotension

66

What can you scrape the stinger out with?

Dull knife or credit card

67

What are some symptoms of an asthma attack?

Wheezing, coughing, tightness in breath, shortness of breath

68

What are so,e asthma attack emergency plans?

Rescue inhaler, steroids, use a different inhaler

69

When does asthma usually flare up?

When you have allergies (fall)

70

What is a febrial seizure?

A temperature over 101.8 goes up rapidly

71

What should an MA do for care during a seizure?

Protect patient, wait 10 to 15 minutes if conscious is not regained call 911, make sure the6 don’t hit their head and their tongue goes back in their throat

72

What are symptoms abdominal pain?

Bad food, flu

73

What is care for Abdominal pain?

Keep patient warm and quiet, don’t apply heat on their stomach, emesis, NPOC, don’t administer things by mouth, administer canagestic like Tylenol and aspirin, check vital signs

74

How can you get a nose bleed?

Hypertension, strenuous activity, altitude, injury, exposure to cold, anti-coagulent medication

75

How do you care for a nose bleed?

Lean head forward and pinch nose for 15 minutes, carterise nose heat it up/pack it up, if you can’t stop after 15 minutes go to hospital

76

What kind of head injuries are there?

Concussion and trauma

77

What are some symptoms of head injuries?

Memory loss, loss of consciousness, dizziness, vomiting and headache

78

What care would you do fo a head injury?

Stabilize neck involved (spinal injury), check pupils, NPO, watch him for 24 hours make sure no mental injury

79

What should you do if a person has a foreign object in their eye?

Don’t let them touch their eye and put them in a dark room

80

How do you take care of heat injuries?

Loosen clothes, hydrate, heat exhaustion

81

What are the symptoms of a heatstroke?

Skin red hit dry, rapid shallow breath, red skin

82

What is the care for a heatstroke?

Call 911 unless you’re u th8nj they’re fine

83

What are some cold injuries?

Frost bite, hypothermia

84

What is frostbite?

Freezing tissue, necrosis

85

How do y u care for frostbite?

Emerge in warm, don’t rub

86

What is hypothermia?

Body temperature under 95 degrees core temperature

87

What is the care for hypothermia?

Remove clothing, wrap up in blankets,

88

What are symptoms for hypothermia?

Shivering, numbness, loss of consciousness

89

What are the symptoms of dehydration?

Dark urine, no urine, headache, dizzy, excess of thirst, lethargic, confusion, vomiting, dry mouth, light, muscle cramps

90

What is the care for dehydration?

Encourage fluid intake and water is the best

91

What are some diabetic emergencies?

Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia

92

How do you take care of diabetic emergencies?

Insulin shock

93

What is diabetic coma?

Glucose skyrocketed

94

What are some symptoms of diabetic emergencies?

Malaise (tired), dry mouth, polyuria, polydyspenia, nausea/vomit, fruity breath

95

What is a sprain?

A twisted tendon

96

What is a strain?

Ligament

97

What is care for sprain/strain?

Elevate, apply ice, compression (first ice then heat), Tylenol aspirin, ibuprofen

98

What is a buckle fracture?

Pokes out a bit, common in arm

99

What is a green stick fracture?

Doesn’t break all the way

100

What is a spiral fracture?

Spiral through bone

101

What is a commuted fracture?

Shatters all through bone probably needs surgery

102

What is a transverse fracture?

Across the bone fracture

103

Compound fracture

Comes out of te skin

104

What is Vertebral compression?

Compression on vertebrae

105

What is the care for a fracture?

Support effected area, below or above joints, place in position that is comfortable

106

What kind of burns are there?

Flame, heat, scolded, chemical burns, sunburnt, radiation

107

What is a first degree burn?

Mild, results in pain, and redness of the epidermis

108

What is a second degree burn?

It affects the epidermis and dermis
Pain, redness, and blistering

109

What is a third degree burns?

Go through dermis and affect white blackened, charmed skin, numb

110

What does dawning mean?

Put on

111

What does doffing mean?

Take off

112

What can you treat with bacteria?

You can treat with antibiotic

113

Can you treat a virus?

No

114

What do you treat fungi with?

Anti-fungal

115

What do people worry about with antibiotics?

Antibiotic resistance

116

What is an inflammatory response to infections?

Body trying to defend itself

117

What is a acute infection?

Relatively short

118

What is a chronic infection?

Long period of time or life

119

What is a latent infection?

Symptoms cycle through periods of remisssion

120

What is an opportunistic infection?

Occur in hosts with an impaired immune system

121

What is a nosocomial infection?

An infection you get while being in the hospital

122

What is sanitation?

Removes debris from equipment, wear gloves, rinse each instrument in cold then hot water

123

What is disinfection?

Process of killing pathogenic organisms

124

What are some common errors of sterilization and sanitation?

Instruments notary, solutions aren’t changed in time period

125

What is sterilization?

Destruction of microorganisms, area set aside for sterilization, 2 sections one area contaminated other area number non-contaminated

126

What is aseptic?

Removal of bad bacteria

127

What is Asepsis?

Freedom from infection

128

What is Surgical asepsis?

Destruction of bacteria before entering the body

129

What is Medical aseptic?

Destructive of disease calling organisms leaving the body

130

What is autoclave?

Moist heat, steralization