Flashcards in Unit Test Two Deck (130):
What is the normal temperature for newborns?
What is the normal temperature for a 1 year old?
What is the normal temperature for 6 and up to adult?
What is the temperature for a normal senior citizen over the age of 70?
Temperature to be considered a fever for an adult (Rectal, Temporal, ear temp)?
Temperature to be considered a fever for an adult (oral temp)?
Temperature to be considered a fever for (axillary temp/armpit)?
Temperature to be considered normal for an adult (Rectal, Temporal, earth temp, oral)?
Temperature for a normal adult (Axillary Temp)?
What is continuous fever?
Rises and falls during 24 hour period, fluctuates (less than 3 degrees)
What is an intermittent fever?
Elevated normal levels
What is a remittances fever?
Fever fluctuates considerably 3 degrees higher and more, never returns to normal (over 3 degrees)
What is a febrile illness?
Illness with a fever
What is pyrexia?
Only means fever
Where is your radial pulse?
Where is your brachial pulse?
Where is your carotid pulse?
Where is your femoral pulse?
Where is your pedal pulse?
On top of foot
Where is your temporal pulse?
Where is your popiteal pulse?
Behind the knee
Where is your apical pulse?
What is the normal pulse for adolescence(12) to adult?
60 to 100
What is the average pulse or adolescence(12) to adult?
What is the normal pulse for a newborn baby?
120 to 160
What is the average pulse for a newborn baby?
What is the rate?
Number of heartbeats in the time you listen
What is rhythm?
Between pulse beats
What is an intermittent pulse?
A pulse that elevates
What is volume?
What is a thready pulse?
Means weak, disappears with slight pressure (1)
What is a bounding pulse?
Strong pulse (3)
What is a normal pulse?
A normal pulse (2)
Should a doctor tell you their taking your respiration?
No, they should not
What is the normal breathing rate for adolescence to adult?
12-20 breaths per minute
What is the average breaths for adolescence to adult?
What time do you can’t for respirations?
Count for 30 seconds multiply by 2
What is the normal blood pressure for an adult?
120 over 80
What is the average blood pressure for an adult?
What is the blood pressure for hypertension?
130 over 80
How do you get over high blood pressure stage 1?
Reduce stress and lose weight
How do you get rid of stage 2 high blood pressure? (Greater than 160)
Try diahrettic and drug combination
Which way do you turn to loosen blood pressure knob?
Turn to the left
Which way do you turn the knob to make it tight?
Turn to the right
Why might blood pressure not be taken right?
Not losing it all the way, not to tight, stethoscope thumb might be on top
What goes on top of blood pressure first? What is the first thump?
What goes on the bottom of blood pressure? What is the second thump?
What is 1 kilogram in pounds?
What is 1 pound in kilograms?
What are some cardiac symptoms?
Shortness of breath fatigue, shoulder pain, blue lips
What should a MA do when they see these symptoms happen to a patient?
First sit them down, loosen their clothing, ask them about their medical history, take vital signs, hook them up to an ECG
If somone is able to breathe and speak but is choking what should I do?
What does CVA mean?
Cerebra Vascualr Accident
What does CVA mean?
What are some symptoms of stroke?
Slurred speech, visual disturbance, week on one side of body, headache, droopy on one side of face
What should an MA do to somone who is having a stroke?
Lay them down, knees bent, turn their head to the right, arm supporting head, call EMS
What are some examples of shock?
Trauma, witnessing accident, being in incident
What does a patient look like who has had shock?
Pale, blue dilated pupils, weak rapid pulse, hypotension, lethargic, rapid breaths
What are some ways you can be poisoned?
Food, inhalation, absorption, injection
What are some symptoms of food poisoning?
Nausea/Vomiting, shallow breathing, dizziness, consciousness, drowsiness, change in skin color, stomach cramps
What should you do if somone is poisoned?
Call poison control
Right when somone is poisoned should you make it gem throw it back up before asking poison control?
What should you do if you get an animal bite?
Cleanse wood, use antibacterial soap, take tetanus shot, check for infection
What’s worse a dog bite or an human bite?
What are some symptoms of a insect/bug bite?
Rough cough, itching around eyes, hives, dyspan, hypotension
What can you scrape the stinger out with?
Dull knife or credit card
What are some symptoms of an asthma attack?
Wheezing, coughing, tightness in breath, shortness of breath
What are so,e asthma attack emergency plans?
Rescue inhaler, steroids, use a different inhaler
When does asthma usually flare up?
When you have allergies (fall)
What is a febrial seizure?
A temperature over 101.8 goes up rapidly
What should an MA do for care during a seizure?
Protect patient, wait 10 to 15 minutes if conscious is not regained call 911, make sure the6 don’t hit their head and their tongue goes back in their throat
What are symptoms abdominal pain?
Bad food, flu
What is care for Abdominal pain?
Keep patient warm and quiet, don’t apply heat on their stomach, emesis, NPOC, don’t administer things by mouth, administer canagestic like Tylenol and aspirin, check vital signs
How can you get a nose bleed?
Hypertension, strenuous activity, altitude, injury, exposure to cold, anti-coagulent medication
How do you care for a nose bleed?
Lean head forward and pinch nose for 15 minutes, carterise nose heat it up/pack it up, if you can’t stop after 15 minutes go to hospital
What kind of head injuries are there?
Concussion and trauma
What are some symptoms of head injuries?
Memory loss, loss of consciousness, dizziness, vomiting and headache
What care would you do fo a head injury?
Stabilize neck involved (spinal injury), check pupils, NPO, watch him for 24 hours make sure no mental injury
What should you do if a person has a foreign object in their eye?
Don’t let them touch their eye and put them in a dark room
How do you take care of heat injuries?
Loosen clothes, hydrate, heat exhaustion
What are the symptoms of a heatstroke?
Skin red hit dry, rapid shallow breath, red skin
What is the care for a heatstroke?
Call 911 unless you’re u th8nj they’re fine
What are some cold injuries?
Frost bite, hypothermia
What is frostbite?
Freezing tissue, necrosis
How do y u care for frostbite?
Emerge in warm, don’t rub
What is hypothermia?
Body temperature under 95 degrees core temperature
What is the care for hypothermia?
Remove clothing, wrap up in blankets,
What are symptoms for hypothermia?
Shivering, numbness, loss of consciousness
What are the symptoms of dehydration?
Dark urine, no urine, headache, dizzy, excess of thirst, lethargic, confusion, vomiting, dry mouth, light, muscle cramps
What is the care for dehydration?
Encourage fluid intake and water is the best
What are some diabetic emergencies?
Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia
How do you take care of diabetic emergencies?
What is diabetic coma?
What are some symptoms of diabetic emergencies?
Malaise (tired), dry mouth, polyuria, polydyspenia, nausea/vomit, fruity breath
What is a sprain?
A twisted tendon
What is a strain?
What is care for sprain/strain?
Elevate, apply ice, compression (first ice then heat), Tylenol aspirin, ibuprofen
What is a buckle fracture?
Pokes out a bit, common in arm
What is a green stick fracture?
Doesn’t break all the way
What is a spiral fracture?
Spiral through bone
What is a commuted fracture?
Shatters all through bone probably needs surgery
What is a transverse fracture?
Across the bone fracture
Comes out of te skin
What is Vertebral compression?
Compression on vertebrae
What is the care for a fracture?
Support effected area, below or above joints, place in position that is comfortable
What kind of burns are there?
Flame, heat, scolded, chemical burns, sunburnt, radiation
What is a first degree burn?
Mild, results in pain, and redness of the epidermis
What is a second degree burn?
It affects the epidermis and dermis
Pain, redness, and blistering
What is a third degree burns?
Go through dermis and affect white blackened, charmed skin, numb
What does dawning mean?
What does doffing mean?
What can you treat with bacteria?
You can treat with antibiotic
Can you treat a virus?
What do you treat fungi with?
What do people worry about with antibiotics?
What is an inflammatory response to infections?
Body trying to defend itself
What is a acute infection?
What is a chronic infection?
Long period of time or life
What is a latent infection?
Symptoms cycle through periods of remisssion
What is an opportunistic infection?
Occur in hosts with an impaired immune system
What is a nosocomial infection?
An infection you get while being in the hospital
What is sanitation?
Removes debris from equipment, wear gloves, rinse each instrument in cold then hot water
What is disinfection?
Process of killing pathogenic organisms
What are some common errors of sterilization and sanitation?
Instruments notary, solutions aren’t changed in time period
What is sterilization?
Destruction of microorganisms, area set aside for sterilization, 2 sections one area contaminated other area number non-contaminated
What is aseptic?
Removal of bad bacteria
What is Asepsis?
Freedom from infection
What is Surgical asepsis?
Destruction of bacteria before entering the body
What is Medical aseptic?
Destructive of disease calling organisms leaving the body