Flashcards in Unit Two- Group G- General and Specific Concepts Deck (24):
Who constructed Hagia Sophia?(Cameron Reller)
What Byzantine innovation increased agricultural growth?(Cameron Reller)
The heavy plow
Most powerful organizing feature of Indian society
Spring and summer brought rain and warm winds from the southwest. Fall and winter was cool, dry, and winds came from the northeast.
This innovation led to lethal cutting edges and came into high demand for knives and swords.
a systematic review of the Roman Law
means body of the civil law, what Justinian based his code off of
Corpus luris Civillis
means envoy of The Lord Ruler, Charlemagne's traveling servants
Nordic peoples of Scandinavia, Norse mariners who mounted invasions and plundered settlements
The term for a secular Lord and ecclesiastical leader. The Emperor would lead both within the state and religious affairs.
Sanskrit for king
subcastes usually determined by occupation (Daniel Pfaff)
Pope Gregory I
defended Rome from the Germanic tribe, Lombards, and reasserted papacy as head authority and emphasized sacrament of penance (Daniel Pfaff)
'breaking of the icons' commissioned by Emperor Leo III in Byzantine Empire (Daniel Pfaff)
military invention used by Byzantines to resist Muslim invasions; burns even on water (Daniel Pfaff)
papacy (the popes)
the line of religious authority over the Roman Catholic Church (Daniel Pfaff)
What is Greek Fire?(Cameron Reller)
Used by the Byzantines to resist Muslim attacks on land and on water. Can burn on water
What was caesaropapism?
Caesaropapism meant that the emperor not only ruled as secularly, but also ecclesiastically.
What was a theme?
A theme was an imperial province under authority of a general who had responsibility for military defense and civil administration.
What was the missi dominici?
A group of imperial officials that travelled annually to all jurisdictions and reviewed the accounts of the local authorities; envoys of the lord ruler.
What was a bezant?
A Byzantine gold coin that served as the standard currency for the Mediterranean area.
What was the schism?
The separation of the western and eastern churches into the Roman and orthodox in 1054
Most regions of india were able to produce enough rice, wheat, barley, and millet to feed the population.