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Flashcards in Unit_004 Deck (12):

A declarative sentence makes a statement and may be written in a great many different ways. The normal order is for the subject to appear at the beginning of the sentence. However, for variety, emphasis, or clearness, the subject may appear at other places in the sentence. The declarative sentence ends with a period.

English Grammar Rule #25


An interrogative sentence asks a question and is usually in inverted order. To determine the subject and the predicate, the interrogative sentence should be transposed or placed in normal order. The interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.

English Grammar Rule #26


An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request, and its subject is rarely expressed. When the subject is not expressed, it is always the words you understood. An imperative sentence sometimes ends with a period and sometimes with an exclamation mark.

English Grammar Rule #27


An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling or sudden emotion, and is often not in normal order. When it is not in normal order the sentence should be transposed to determine the subject and predicate. Exclamatory sentences usually end with a exclamation mark, but may end with a period.

English Grammar Rule #28


The word there is often used as an expletive to introduce a sentence. When there performs this function, it is not used as an adverb. It is used independently merely to "fill up" the place normally occupied by the subject. The subject appears later in the sentence.

English Grammar Rule #29


Imperative or interrogative sentences are often introduced by a noun in direct address. A noun in direct address is not the subject of the sentence but is used independently.

English Grammar Rule #31


When you want to determine the subject and predicate of a sentence that is not in normal order, you should transpose the sentence. You are then able to see grammatical relations more clearly.

English Grammar Rule #32


The complete predicate is the verb or verb phrase with its modifiers and any other words used to complete the predicate.

English Grammar Rule #20


A compound subject consists of two or more simple subjects.

English Grammar Rule #21


A compound predicate consists of two or more simple predicates.

English Grammar Rule #22


A diagram is a pictorial representation which shows certain grammatical relationships in a sentence.

English Grammar Rule #23


A fragmentary sentence is a group of words that lacks one or both of the essential parts of a sentence, but is punctuated as if it were a complete sentence.

English Grammar Rule #24