units 1-10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in units 1-10 Deck (115):
1

abate

to reduce

2

abide

to remain; endure

3

ablution

cleansing with water or other liquid

4

abstract

difficult to understand

5

accountable

responsible

6

accrue

to accumulate over time

7

acme

the highest point

8

addict

to devote oneself habitually or compulsively

9

adherent

supporter; follower of a leader

10

adroit

skillful

11

aesthetic

having to do with artistic beauty

12

agog

excited, eager

13

ambivalence

indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions

14

ambulatory

capable of walking

15

ancillary

subordinate

16

animated

filled with spirit

17

animosity

felling bitter hostility

18

annals

descriptive record; history

19

annex

to add or attach

20

apex

the peak

21

armament

military supplies and weapons

22

ascribe

to attribute to a specific cause

23

assail

to attack violently

24

atone

to make amends

25

baleful

threatening; hurtful

26

balk

to stop short and refuse to proceed

27

bandy

to give back and forth

28

barrage

curtain of artillery fire

29

battery

unlawful beating of a person

30

bauble

small, inexpensive trinket

31

bedlam

scene of noisy uproar and confusion

32

benighted

unenlightened

33

bequest

a legacy

34

bevy

a group of animals

35

bland

full

36

bolster

to support

37

bombastic

talking extravagantly

38

boon

a timely benefit

39

boorish

crude; unmannered

40

bootleg

to smuggle

41

brink

edge

42

brouhaha

uproar

43

canopy

a covering

44

capitulate

to surrender under certain conditions

45

carrion

dead and rotting flesh

46

cascade

a waterfall

47

cataclysm

a violent upheaval or change

48

cataract

a large waterfall

49

cavalier

nonchalant; arrogant disregard

50

circumspect

Discerning; cautious

51

circumvent

to surround

52

clone

an exact duplicate

53

coerce

to force someone by threatening

54

confiscate

to seize

55

continuum

a continuous whole

56

conundrum

a dilemma

57

copious

abundant; plentiful

58

corpulent

fat; obese

59

courier

a messenger

60

covert

hidden; secret

61

crony

a close friend

62

crux

main point

63

cryptic

having an ambiguous meaning

64

cupidity

excessive greed

65

curb

to control or check

66

cursory

performed with little attention to detail

67

defunct

dead or inactive

68

demise

death

69

deploy

to arrange strategically

70

depravity

extreme wickedness

71

deprecate

to express disapproval of

72

despot

absolute ruler

73

deter

to discourage

74

devoid

entirely without

75

diatribe

a bitter verbal attack

76

diffident

lacking self-confidence; timid

77

diminution

reduction

78

dire

desparate

79

disconcert

to disturb the composure of; upset

80

dishevel

to make untidy

81

diurnal

occurring every day

82

diverse

varied

83

doff

to take off; remove

84

dogmatic

characterized by an authoritative, often arrogant, assertion of opinions or beliefs

85

doleful

sorrowful; melancholy

86

dolt

a stupid person

87

don

to put on

88

dour

severe; gloomy

89

abashed

ashamed or embarrassed

90

circumlocution

use of an unnecessary number of words to express an idea

91

circumscribe

restrict

92

circumstance

situation or event

93

prescribe

advise or authorize the use of

94

proscribe

forbid, especially by law

95

inscribe

write or carve on something

96

insurrection

violent uprising against a government

97

resurrection

rise after defeat

98

bilk

to cheat or defraud

99

recapitulate

summarize the main points

100

élan

energy, style

101

absolution

formal release from guilt or punishment

102

dissolute

morally loose

103

resolution

determination

104

solvent

financially stable

105

salvo

simultaneous discharge of artillery in battle

106

blithe

ignorantly carefree

107

lithe

flexible

108

zenith

the highest point

109

nadir

the lowest points

110

rapport

harmonious relationship with good communication and understanding

111

panoply

complete collection of things

112

panacea

cure-all

113

pandemic

prevalent everywhere

114

endemic

found among particular people of a certain area

115

pizzazz

glamorous